Designing the european road accident observatory
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Designing the European Road Accident Observatory. Pete Thomas (IP-coordinator), Andrew Morris, VSRC, UK George Yannis, NTUA, Greece Philippe Lejeune, CETE-SO, France Paul Weseman, SWOV, Netherlands Gilles Vallet, INRETS, France Ward Vanlaar, IBSR, Belgium

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Designing the European Road Accident Observatory

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Designing the european road accident observatory

Designing the European Road Accident Observatory

Pete Thomas (IP-coordinator), Andrew Morris, VSRC, UK

George Yannis, NTUA, Greece

Philippe Lejeune, CETE-SO, France

Paul Weseman, SWOV, Netherlands

Gilles Vallet, INRETS, France

Ward Vanlaar, IBSR, Belgium

30th International Traffic Record Forum

Nashville, Tennessee, July 25-29, 2004


Contents

Contents

  • Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU

  • Background to EU decision making

  • European Road Safety Observatory

    • Integrated project

    • Challenges

    • Three main areas

  • Macroscopic data

  • In-depth data

  • Data Application

    • Work Package 6

    • Work Package 7 – Data analysis and synthesis

      • Complex data structures in time

      • Complex data structures in space

  • Project Implementation

  • Conclusion


1 extent and nature of casualty problem in eu

1. Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU

2001

  • Over 40,000 people killed

  • 3.3 million people injured

  • Costs exceeded €180 billion (i.e. twice the annual budget of the EC; 2% of EU GDP)


Extent and nature of casualty problem in eu cont

Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU (cont.)

1st of May 2004

  • 10 accession countries joined the EU

  • Total population increased to over 450 million people

  • Estimated number of road crashes is expected to increase by 25% to over 50,000 each year


1 extent and nature of casualty problem in eu cont

1. Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU (cont.)

EC

  • Adopted a target of reducing fatalities by 50%

  • Identified several areas where it could make a direct contribution within the constraints of subsidiarity

    Road Safety Action Program (RSAP)

  • Reaffirmed the target

  • Provided further detail about actions it planned to introduce


2 background to eu decision making

2. Background to EU decision making

RSAP

  • Structural deficit at EU level of harmonized data

  • More detailed and systematic information needed

    • Inability to compare crashes between countries

    • Prioritization of countermeasures more difficult

    • Lack of detailed feedback on the effectiveness of countermeasures


2 background to eu decision making cont

2. Background to EU decision making (cont.)

CARE database

  • Assembles the national accident data from Member States

  • Was the most developed

    IRTAD database

  • Does provide harmonized fatal accident data for many EU countries

  • But only at aggregate level


2 background to eu decision making cont1

2. Background to EU decision making (cont.)

Fifth Framework Program research projects

  • e.g. RISER, CHILD, ECBOS

  • Generally focused in on specific research issues

  • Were only available within the respective projects

    Conclusion

  • Significant data gaps existed that prevented inter-country comparisons, particularly for the 10 new Member States and at in-depth level


2 background to eu decision making cont2

2. Background to EU decision making (cont.)

Increasing detail

Increasing numbers

No single database can meet all needs


3 european road safety observatory

3. European Road Safety Observatory

Integrated Project SafetyNet

  • EC decided to initiate the development of the Road Safety Observatory

  • By funding the IP SafetyNet under the Sixth Framework Program


3 european road safety observatory cont

3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Integrated project SafetyNet (cont.)

  • Project lasts over 4 years

  • Plans to build the basic structure as well as gathering new data at several levels

  • Observatory will eventually cover all 25 member states and further additional countries outside EU (e.g. Switzerland)


3 european road safety observatory cont1

3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Policy Makers

(National Administrations)

Consultation with Data Users

SafetyNet IP Steering Committee

Macroscopic data

In-depth data

Data application

WP 1

CARE

WP 2

Risk-Exposure data

WP 3

Safety Performance Indicators

WP 4

Independent accident investigation recommend-ations

WP 5

In-depth Accident and Injury Causation databank

WP 6

EU Safety Information system

WP 7

Data analysis and synthesis


3 european road safety observatory cont2

3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Challenges

  • Creation of a common independent gateway

  • For the benefit of road safety practioners and the general public

  • New tools for gathering and analyzing EU road safety data


3 european road safety observatory cont3

3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Challenges

  • To provide for the first time to the EC the necessary scientific support

  • Exchange of experience and stimulus from the multi-country comparisons


3 european road safety observatory cont4

3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Three main areas

  • Macroscopic data

  • In-depth data

  • Data application


4 macroscopic data

4. Macroscopic data

Three work packages

  • To develop new harmonized methods for gathering and processing accident information

  • Will not gather data themselves but will work in close collaboration with Member States

  • Data will be gathered at national level and supplied to the project (via EU CARE and Safety Performance Indicators Working Groups)


4 macroscopic data cont

4. Macroscopic data (cont.)

WP 1 CARE (Leader – George Yannis, National Technical University of Athens, Greece)

What is CARE?

  • CARE is the compilation of national accident databases for EU member states (http://europa.eu.int/comm/transport/home/care/index_en.htm)

    Objectives

  • Extend CARE to 10 new member states + Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Switzerland

  • Support to Member States

  • Estimate underreporting and non-fatal totals


4 macroscopic data cont1

4. Macroscopic data (cont.)

WP 2 Risk/Exposure Data(Leader – Philippe Lejeune, Centre d'Etudes Technique de l'Equipement du Sud Ouest, France)

What is Risk/Exposure Data?

  • RED involves measuring the exposure to specific conditions to allow calculations of risk between member states e.g. are autobahns safer than autoroutes

    Objectives

  • Develop new structure to gather exposure data from member states

  • Link data to CARE and apply at EU level

  • Support to Member States


4 macroscopic data cont2

4. Macroscopic data (cont.)

WP 3 Safety Performance Indicators(Leader – Paul Weseman, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Netherlands)

What are Safety Performance Indicators?

  • SPIs are measures of the traffic system that are directly related to accidents. Eg travel speeds, alcohol use or seat belt use

    Objectives

  • Identify a suitable common format

  • Gather data from member States

  • Bring together in database


5 in depth data

5. In-depth data

WP 4 Independent Accident Investigation Recommendations(Leader – Gilles Vallet, Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Sécurité, France)

Objectives

  • Methods to determine independence of accident data

  • Specification of institutional and legal arrangements for EU-wide accident data gathering

    Outcomes

  • Recommendations and protocols for independent accident investigation


5 in depth data cont

5. In-depth data (cont.)

WP 5 In-depth Accident Causation Databank (Leader – Pete Thomas (IP-coordinator) and Andrew Morris, Vehicle Safety Research Centre, UK)

What is in-depth data?

  • In-depth crash investigations involve a detailed analysis of each crash to identify the causal factors

    Objectives

  • Develop new fatal accident database with 1000 cases

  • Develop new accident causation database with 1000 cases concentrating on infrastructure safety and eSafety


6 data application

6. Data application

WP 6 EU Road Safety Information System (Leader – Paul Weseman, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Netherlands)

Objectives

  • Develop new information gateway for all SafetyNet data

  • Include other road safety related information

    Outcome

  • Broad ranging accident data website to be handed over to EC for public access


6 data application cont

6. Data application (cont.)

WP 7 Data Analysis and Synthesis (Leader – Ward Vanlaar, Institut Belge pour la Sécurité Routière, Belgium)

Objectives

  • To demonstrate the added value of analytic outcomes based on co-ordinated data sources

  • Conduct linked analyses of SafetyNet data

  • Develop methods for time-series analysis and evaluation of clustering effects

    Outcome

  • Recommendations for further analysis of EU level accident data


6 data application cont1

6. Data application (cont.)

WP 7 Data Analysis and Synthesis (Leader – Ward Vanlaar, Institut Belge pour la Sécurité Routière, Belgium)

Two angles

  • Complex data structures in time: via time-series analysis

  • Complex data structures in space: via multilevel analysis


7 project implementation

7. Project Implementation

  • Official start of the IP: May 1st 2004

  • Partnership: 22 partners; 18 countries

  • Project Steering Group:

  • Vehicle Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University, UK (Coordinator)

  • National Technical University of Athens, Greece

  • Centre d'Etudes Technique de l'Equipement du Sud Ouest, France

  • SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Netherlands

  • Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Sécurité, France

  • Institut Belge pour la Sécurité Routière, Belgium


7 project implementation cont

7. Project Implementation (cont.)

Partners:

  • Közlekedéstudományi Intézet Rt, Hungary

  • Kuratorium für Schutz und Sicherheit, Austria

  • Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Portugal

  • Medical University of Hanover, Germany

  • Road Directorate - Ministry of Transport - Denmark

  • Swedish National Roads Administration, Sweden

  • Swiss Council for Accident Prevention, Switzerland

  • Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel

  • TNO, Netherlands

  • TRL Limited, UK

  • Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Spain

  • Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen, Germany

  • Centrum dopravního výzkumu, Czech Republic

  • Chalmers University, Sweden

  • University of Rome, Italy

  • Finnish Motor Insurers' Centre, Finland

  • Institute of Transport Economics, Norway


7 project implementation cont1

7. Project Implementation (cont.)

No isolation:

  • Key groups are EU and national level policymakers

  • EC working groups on CARE and SPIs

  • EC 6FP projects in infrastructure and eSafety

  • Pendant, Rosebud, EuroNCAP, ASTERYX, SARTRE 3, IMMORTAL, etc.


8 conclusion

8. Conclusion

  • SafetyNet is an ambitious project

  • For the first time it brings a broad ranging, co-ordinated set of accident data together

  • When established it will become an EC core activity

  • Wide support to road safety policy, new resources for infrastructure and eSafety


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