Designing the european road accident observatory
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Designing the European Road Accident Observatory. Pete Thomas (IP-coordinator), Andrew Morris, VSRC, UK George Yannis, NTUA, Greece Philippe Lejeune, CETE-SO, France Paul Weseman, SWOV, Netherlands Gilles Vallet, INRETS, France Ward Vanlaar, IBSR, Belgium

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Designing the European Road Accident Observatory

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Designing the European Road Accident Observatory

Pete Thomas (IP-coordinator), Andrew Morris, VSRC, UK

George Yannis, NTUA, Greece

Philippe Lejeune, CETE-SO, France

Paul Weseman, SWOV, Netherlands

Gilles Vallet, INRETS, France

Ward Vanlaar, IBSR, Belgium

30th International Traffic Record Forum

Nashville, Tennessee, July 25-29, 2004


Contents

  • Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU

  • Background to EU decision making

  • European Road Safety Observatory

    • Integrated project

    • Challenges

    • Three main areas

  • Macroscopic data

  • In-depth data

  • Data Application

    • Work Package 6

    • Work Package 7 – Data analysis and synthesis

      • Complex data structures in time

      • Complex data structures in space

  • Project Implementation

  • Conclusion


1. Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU

2001

  • Over 40,000 people killed

  • 3.3 million people injured

  • Costs exceeded €180 billion (i.e. twice the annual budget of the EC; 2% of EU GDP)


Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU (cont.)

1st of May 2004

  • 10 accession countries joined the EU

  • Total population increased to over 450 million people

  • Estimated number of road crashes is expected to increase by 25% to over 50,000 each year


1. Extent and nature of casualty problem in EU (cont.)

EC

  • Adopted a target of reducing fatalities by 50%

  • Identified several areas where it could make a direct contribution within the constraints of subsidiarity

    Road Safety Action Program (RSAP)

  • Reaffirmed the target

  • Provided further detail about actions it planned to introduce


2. Background to EU decision making

RSAP

  • Structural deficit at EU level of harmonized data

  • More detailed and systematic information needed

    • Inability to compare crashes between countries

    • Prioritization of countermeasures more difficult

    • Lack of detailed feedback on the effectiveness of countermeasures


2. Background to EU decision making (cont.)

CARE database

  • Assembles the national accident data from Member States

  • Was the most developed

    IRTAD database

  • Does provide harmonized fatal accident data for many EU countries

  • But only at aggregate level


2. Background to EU decision making (cont.)

Fifth Framework Program research projects

  • e.g. RISER, CHILD, ECBOS

  • Generally focused in on specific research issues

  • Were only available within the respective projects

    Conclusion

  • Significant data gaps existed that prevented inter-country comparisons, particularly for the 10 new Member States and at in-depth level


2. Background to EU decision making (cont.)

Increasing detail

Increasing numbers

No single database can meet all needs


3. European Road Safety Observatory

Integrated Project SafetyNet

  • EC decided to initiate the development of the Road Safety Observatory

  • By funding the IP SafetyNet under the Sixth Framework Program


3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Integrated project SafetyNet (cont.)

  • Project lasts over 4 years

  • Plans to build the basic structure as well as gathering new data at several levels

  • Observatory will eventually cover all 25 member states and further additional countries outside EU (e.g. Switzerland)


3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Policy Makers

(National Administrations)

Consultation with Data Users

SafetyNet IP Steering Committee

Macroscopic data

In-depth data

Data application

WP 1

CARE

WP 2

Risk-Exposure data

WP 3

Safety Performance Indicators

WP 4

Independent accident investigation recommend-ations

WP 5

In-depth Accident and Injury Causation databank

WP 6

EU Safety Information system

WP 7

Data analysis and synthesis


3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Challenges

  • Creation of a common independent gateway

  • For the benefit of road safety practioners and the general public

  • New tools for gathering and analyzing EU road safety data


3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Challenges

  • To provide for the first time to the EC the necessary scientific support

  • Exchange of experience and stimulus from the multi-country comparisons


3. European Road Safety Observatory (cont.)

Three main areas

  • Macroscopic data

  • In-depth data

  • Data application


4. Macroscopic data

Three work packages

  • To develop new harmonized methods for gathering and processing accident information

  • Will not gather data themselves but will work in close collaboration with Member States

  • Data will be gathered at national level and supplied to the project (via EU CARE and Safety Performance Indicators Working Groups)


4. Macroscopic data (cont.)

WP 1 CARE (Leader – George Yannis, National Technical University of Athens, Greece)

What is CARE?

  • CARE is the compilation of national accident databases for EU member states (http://europa.eu.int/comm/transport/home/care/index_en.htm)

    Objectives

  • Extend CARE to 10 new member states + Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Switzerland

  • Support to Member States

  • Estimate underreporting and non-fatal totals


4. Macroscopic data (cont.)

WP 2 Risk/Exposure Data(Leader – Philippe Lejeune, Centre d'Etudes Technique de l'Equipement du Sud Ouest, France)

What is Risk/Exposure Data?

  • RED involves measuring the exposure to specific conditions to allow calculations of risk between member states e.g. are autobahns safer than autoroutes

    Objectives

  • Develop new structure to gather exposure data from member states

  • Link data to CARE and apply at EU level

  • Support to Member States


4. Macroscopic data (cont.)

WP 3 Safety Performance Indicators(Leader – Paul Weseman, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Netherlands)

What are Safety Performance Indicators?

  • SPIs are measures of the traffic system that are directly related to accidents. Eg travel speeds, alcohol use or seat belt use

    Objectives

  • Identify a suitable common format

  • Gather data from member States

  • Bring together in database


5. In-depth data

WP 4 Independent Accident Investigation Recommendations(Leader – Gilles Vallet, Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Sécurité, France)

Objectives

  • Methods to determine independence of accident data

  • Specification of institutional and legal arrangements for EU-wide accident data gathering

    Outcomes

  • Recommendations and protocols for independent accident investigation


5. In-depth data (cont.)

WP 5 In-depth Accident Causation Databank (Leader – Pete Thomas (IP-coordinator) and Andrew Morris, Vehicle Safety Research Centre, UK)

What is in-depth data?

  • In-depth crash investigations involve a detailed analysis of each crash to identify the causal factors

    Objectives

  • Develop new fatal accident database with 1000 cases

  • Develop new accident causation database with 1000 cases concentrating on infrastructure safety and eSafety


6. Data application

WP 6 EU Road Safety Information System (Leader – Paul Weseman, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Netherlands)

Objectives

  • Develop new information gateway for all SafetyNet data

  • Include other road safety related information

    Outcome

  • Broad ranging accident data website to be handed over to EC for public access


6. Data application (cont.)

WP 7 Data Analysis and Synthesis (Leader – Ward Vanlaar, Institut Belge pour la Sécurité Routière, Belgium)

Objectives

  • To demonstrate the added value of analytic outcomes based on co-ordinated data sources

  • Conduct linked analyses of SafetyNet data

  • Develop methods for time-series analysis and evaluation of clustering effects

    Outcome

  • Recommendations for further analysis of EU level accident data


6. Data application (cont.)

WP 7 Data Analysis and Synthesis (Leader – Ward Vanlaar, Institut Belge pour la Sécurité Routière, Belgium)

Two angles

  • Complex data structures in time: via time-series analysis

  • Complex data structures in space: via multilevel analysis


7. Project Implementation

  • Official start of the IP: May 1st 2004

  • Partnership: 22 partners; 18 countries

  • Project Steering Group:

  • Vehicle Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University, UK (Coordinator)

  • National Technical University of Athens, Greece

  • Centre d'Etudes Technique de l'Equipement du Sud Ouest, France

  • SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Netherlands

  • Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Sécurité, France

  • Institut Belge pour la Sécurité Routière, Belgium


7. Project Implementation (cont.)

Partners:

  • Közlekedéstudományi Intézet Rt, Hungary

  • Kuratorium für Schutz und Sicherheit, Austria

  • Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Portugal

  • Medical University of Hanover, Germany

  • Road Directorate - Ministry of Transport - Denmark

  • Swedish National Roads Administration, Sweden

  • Swiss Council for Accident Prevention, Switzerland

  • Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel

  • TNO, Netherlands

  • TRL Limited, UK

  • Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Spain

  • Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen, Germany

  • Centrum dopravního výzkumu, Czech Republic

  • Chalmers University, Sweden

  • University of Rome, Italy

  • Finnish Motor Insurers' Centre, Finland

  • Institute of Transport Economics, Norway


7. Project Implementation (cont.)

No isolation:

  • Key groups are EU and national level policymakers

  • EC working groups on CARE and SPIs

  • EC 6FP projects in infrastructure and eSafety

  • Pendant, Rosebud, EuroNCAP, ASTERYX, SARTRE 3, IMMORTAL, etc.


8. Conclusion

  • SafetyNet is an ambitious project

  • For the first time it brings a broad ranging, co-ordinated set of accident data together

  • When established it will become an EC core activity

  • Wide support to road safety policy, new resources for infrastructure and eSafety


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