Adjectives
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Adjectives. Adjective : a word used to describe a noun or pronoun Adjectives tell: What kind (Chinese food, busy dentist) Which one or ones (seventh grade, these countries) How much or how many (several days, five dollars) * Articles are adjectives a, an, the . Demonstrative Adjectives.

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Adjectives
Adjectives

Adjective: a word used to describe a noun or pronoun

Adjectives tell:

What kind (Chinese food, busy dentist)

Which one or ones (seventh grade, these countries)

How much or how many (several days, five dollars)

*Articles are adjectives

a, an, the


Demonstrative adjectives
Demonstrative Adjectives

This, that, these, and those—can be pronouns or adjectives

Pronoun=These are much more expensive than those are.

Adjective=These shoes are much more expensive than those shoes are.


Proper adjectives
Proper Adjectives

Proper adjectives are formed from proper nouns

Examples:

Thanksgiving dinner

African continent

Italian food


Identifying adjectives
Identifying Adjectives

We are having delicious bean soup for dinner!

What did you do for fun over Memorial Day weekend?

This painting is gorgeous, but that other one is weird!

Which European country are you visiting this summer?

The football game yesterday was so exciting, I stayed up until midnight celebrating!


Verbs
Verbs

  • A verb is a word that expresses action or a state of being.

  • We will be learning about the following types of verbs:

    • Action verbs

    • Linking verbs

    • Helping verbs

    • Main verbs

    • Verb phrases


Action linking verbs
Action & Linking Verbs

  • Action verbs express a physical or mental activity

    • The owls hooted all night.

    • Gloria plays basketball.

    • She thought about the problem

    • I believe you.

  • Linking verbs express a state of being. They connect, or link, a subject to a word/words that describe the subject.

    • You appear to have a terrible sunburn!

    • The paint looks like it is still wet.

    • The children remained quiet.


Linking verbs
Linking Verbs

  • The verb Be is a linking verb.

  • There are many different forms of this verb including:

    • am, is, are, was, were, has been, have been, had been, will be, can be, would have been, etc.

      *Unlike other words which sometimes change parts of speech depending on use in the sentence, these words are always verbs!


Action or linking
Action or Linking?

For her class project, Shaina built a catapult.

The sky appears cloudy today.

The heavy traffic delayed us.

The early Aztecs worshipped the sun.

Summer is my favorite time of the year.

According to our GPS, we should be there in thirty minutes.


Helping and main verbs
Helping and Main Verbs

  • A helping verb helps the main verb express action or state of being. It comes before the main verb.

    • The packages were sent to your house on Monday.

  • The main verb is the main action or state of being in the sentence.

    • The packages were sent to your house on Monday.

  • Together, the helping verb and the main verb make up the verb phrase.

    • The packages weresent to your house on Monday.


Helping main and verb phrases
Helping, Main, and Verb Phrases

Mary will be arriving at noon tomorrow.

Has Mary arrived yet?

Redwood trees must be preserved for future generations.

Our school has always held a holiday concert in December.

Did you do your homework?

Don’t make your sister upset or she’ll cry.


Adverbs
Adverbs

  • Adverbs modify (or describe) verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs

  • Adverbs answer the following questions:

    • Where?Put the ingredientsover there.

    • When? I always do my homework late at night.

    • How? The contestants ran swiftly through the course.

    • How often? Dad will sometimes cook burgers in the rain.

    • How long? I need to stop munching on snacks all day!

    • How much? I am extremely tired from studying all night.


Adverbs1
Adverbs

  • Adverbs can appear anywhere in a sentence, including in the middle of a verb phrase.

    • We often study together.

    • We study together often.

    • Often we study together.

    • We have often studied together.


Identifying adverbs
Identifying Adverbs

We hurried excitedly to the surprise birthday party.

The birthday girl quickly opened her presents in front of the guests.

Later, we ate delicious cake and ice cream.

We danced all afternoon and into the evening.

The guests were hardly given a break from the fun!

I hope we get invited again next year.


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