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Primary Care Workforce for Vermont Health Reform. Steve Maier Health Care Reform Manager Division of Health Care Reform, DVHA [email protected] 802-879-2395. Is Vermont Ready?. Agenda: Goal/ Charge Current Context What will we need in 2015? Hsiao Report and implications

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Primary care workforce for vermont health reform

Primary Care Workforce for Vermont Health Reform

Steve Maier

Health Care Reform Manager

Division of Health Care Reform, DVHA

[email protected] 802-879-2395

Is vermont ready
Is Vermont Ready?


  • Goal/ Charge

  • Current Context

  • What will we need in 2015?

  • Hsiao Report and implications

  • How will we get there from here?

  • Other issues/ concerns

Act 128 requires
Act 128 Requires:

“detailed and targeted five-year strategic plan with specific action steps for attaining sufficient capacity in the primary careworkforce and delivery system to achieve Vermont’s health care reform principles and purposes.” (emphasis added)

Current context


AHEC, Bi-State & others

Loan repayment, etc.

Blueprint investments in primary care

HIT investments

Improved work env.

& job satisfaction


Aging workforce

Cost of education

Lower pay

Lower job satisfaction with current system

Admin. burdens

Geographic disparities

Spouse/ partner

Current Context

Hsiao report
Hsiao Report *

  • ~ 2,000 net additional health care jobs (out of 3,600 total)

    • More than half in “nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides”

    • 25% in “health diagnosing and treating practitioners”

    • 20% in “health technologists and technicians”

  • More than primary care

    * Based on Hsiao’s Option 3


  • A foundation of medical homes and community health teams that can support coordinated care and linkages with a broad range of services

  • Multi Insurer Payment Reform that supports a foundation of medical homes and community health teams

  • A health information infrastructure that includes EMRs, hospital data sources, a health information exchange network, and a centralized registry

  • An evaluation infrastructure that uses routinely collected data to support services, guide quality improvement, and determine program impact

Advanced Primary Care

Specialty Care & Disease Management Programs

Community Health Team

Nurse Coordinator

Social Workers

Nutrition Specialists

Community Health Workers

MCAID Care Coordinators

Public Health Specialist

Advanced Primary Care

Social, Economic, & Community Services

Advanced Primary Care

Mental Health & Substance Abuse Programs

Advanced Primary Care

Healthier Living Workshops

Public Health Programs & Services

Health IT Framework

Evaluation Framework



Blueprint community health team workforce
Blueprint Community Health Team Workforce

* Funding for 5 FTEs currently comes from CHT payments by private insurers and public payers; other

positions funded from other sources, including PPPM payments.

Improving job satisfaction
Improving Job Satisfaction

  • Vermont’s Health Reforms Are Improving Lives

    • “The Health Care Team is just tremendous.”

    • “I feel healthier, I feel like everything is under control.”

    • “She’s helped a lot with managing stress.”

    • “They set a realistic goal that you want to accomplish. And for me, it’s kind of like, I can do this.”

    • “I mean it was actually the best help that I’ve had my whole life.”

“Qualitative Evaluation of Provider and Provider Practice Staff, Community Health Teams and Patient Perceptions Related to the Vermont Blueprint for Health;” Vermont Child Health Improvement Program, June 2010.

Strategic plan
Strategic Plan

Overall Goal –

Attain and retain a sufficient primary care workforce to ensure timely and appropriate health care for all Vermonters and achieve Vermont’s health reform objectives.

Strategic plan recommendations
Strategic Plan Recommendations

Physicians and Other Practitioners

Objective: Increase the number of primary care physicians and other practitioners (primary care APRNs and PAs) by 63 FTEs by 2015 (focused on adult care and geographic needs).

Strategic plan recommendations1
Strategic Plan Recommendations

Physicians and Other Practitioners

Recommendation 1 – Strengthen resources and services to support recruitment and Vermont placement of UVM College of Medicine trainees, FAHC medical residents, and Freeman Scholars.

  • Secure replacement funding of $50,000 for Physician Placement Specialist by July 2011

  • Create and produce a “Vermont Brand” for recruitment of health care professionals to Vermont

Strategic plan recommendations2
Strategic Plan Recommendations

Physicians and Other Practitioners

Recommendation 2 – Secure more funding ASAP for Vermont’s Educational Loan Repayment Program, with the goal of at least tripling the funding (from multiple sources) by 2014.

  • seek and maximize outside funding sources including the National Health Service Corps and the Federal workforce development implementation grant opportunity

  • develop strategies as may be necessary to augment state and federal funds to achieve the goals of at least doubling loan repayment funds in FY 13 ( from $870K to $1.75 million) and at least tripling by FY 14 (to $2.6 million), including the consideration of sustainable funding sources

Strategic plan recommendations3
Strategic Plan Recommendations

Physicians and Other Practitioners

Recommendation 3 – Support health care professionals practicing to the highest levels of training and experience.

  • support a positive outcome for current negotiations between the Boards of Medical Practice and Nursing and resulting legislation to enable the independent practice of advanced practice nurse practitioners (APRNs) in ways that ensure public health and safety.

Strategic plan recommendations4
Strategic Plan Recommendations

Physicians and Other Practitioners

On-Going and Longer-Term Priorities:

  • Support and maintain Medicaid and Medicare payment policies established by the federal ACA that pay higher rates for primary care

  • Continue and expand upon Blueprint and community health team payment reforms

  • Deconstruct Hsiao’s $50 million annual workforce recommendation and build multi-year budget

  • Review licensing requirements and streamline where possible

  • Address capacity issues in Vermont’s health professions educational programs, including:

    • Optimize in-state clinical rotation experiences

    • Address clinical training site needs (preceptors/community faculty) including stipend or other funding as may be needed

    • Solve nurse or other faculty shortage issues

  • Review and implement curricula innovations and revisions that respond to current and projected needs and ensure successful health reform and care delivery over time

Strategic plan recommendations5
Strategic Plan Recommendations

Nurses (RNs and LPNs)

Objective: Recruit, train, and retain sufficient (165-215) nurses over the next 3 years into primary care, CHT, SASH, and Medicaid care coordination settings

  • support call from nursing leaders for a renewed Blue Ribbon Commission on Nursing to pursue the goals of the IOM Report and ensure the Commission also addresses Vermont’s needs and health reform initiatives

Strategic plan recommendations6
Strategic Plan Recommendations

Blueprint CHT and other Care Coordinators

Objective: Recruit, train, and retain sufficient (200-250) CHT and other care coordination staff (other than nurses – see above) by October 2013 to meet statutory Blueprint expansion requirements and other health reform timeframes

  • support CCV’s interest in including CHT-type professions (e.g., health coach, community health worker) in its application for the U.S. Department of Labor’s Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training (C3TG) grants program

  • address short-term training needs for care coordinators and others that work in integrated and team-based primary care settings

Other related work
Other Related Work

  • Federal workforce planning grant activities

    • AHEC, DOL, and others

    • Implementation funding?

  • Act 48 workforce studies/ reports

  • Education/ Training

    • CCV grant - Community Health Worker

    • Other opportunities

  • Mental health & substance abuse workforce – draft report