the cultural geography of the us and canada
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THE CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY of THE US AND CANADA. THE UNITED STATES. KEY TERMS: IMMIGRATION, SUNBELT, URBANIZATION, METROPOLITAN AREA, SUBURB, URBAN SPRAWL, MEGALOPOLIS, UNDERGROUND RAILROAD, DRY-FARMING, BILINGUAL, LITERACY RATE. POPULATION PATTERNS. Influenced by immigration

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the united states
THE UNITED STATES
  • KEY TERMS:
      • IMMIGRATION, SUNBELT, URBANIZATION, METROPOLITAN AREA,
      • SUBURB, URBAN SPRAWL, MEGALOPOLIS, UNDERGROUND RAILROAD,
      • DRY-FARMING, BILINGUAL, LITERACY RATE.
population patterns
POPULATION PATTERNS
  • Influenced by immigration
  • Asiatic peoples reached US over 20,000 years ago
  • Why people move here today?
    • Political and religious freedom, economic opportunity, wars, disasters
    • Ex: 2004- 11.7% of total US pop. Foreign born
density and distribution
DENSITY and DISTRIBUTION
  • Avg. is 80 people per sq. mi.
  • Northeast and Great Lakes region
    • Dense b/c of commerce and industry
  • Pacific Coast
    • Economic opportunity and mild climate
  • Alaska, Great Plains, and Great Basin
    • Little to no pop.
  • South and Southwest (Sunbelt) Arizona, NM, and California
    • Manufacturing, service, and tourism
urban areas
URBAN AREAS

Urbanization- rural to cities

Metro-area- main city w/50k and outlying suburbs

Urban sprawl- growth of metro area; people move away from city core

growth division and unity
GROWTH, DIVISION, and UNITY
  • 1800’s- U.S. doubled in size (addition of Louisiana)
    • Industrial Revolution
    • Coal in Midwest = power for machines = emergence of Midwest as industrial power
  • South
      • Textile industry
      • Slavery = Underground R.R. = series of safe-houses for escapees
  • Movement- Eastern cities to Great Plains (overcrowding)
    • Dry-farming- cultivating land to catch and hold water
    • R.R. = spread of manufactured goods
culture
CULTURE
  • Main language= English
    • Spanish= 2nd most spoken
  • Many religions
    • Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism
  • Education
    • Private and Public; 97% literacy rate
culture the arts
CULTURE: THE ARTS
  • Jazz- blending African rhythms w/European Harmonies
    • Other notables: LA, NYC
the cultural geography of canada
THE CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY of CANADA
  • KEY TERMS:
    • LOYALIST
    • PROVINCE,
    • INUIT
    • DOMINION
    • PARLIAMENT
    • QUEBECOIS
    • NAFTA
    • SEPERATISM
population patterns1
POPULATION PATTERNS
  • Highly developed: big cities; wilderness
  • Some are descendants of Native Americans
  • Their settlers moved for the same reasons as the Americans
    • Ex: Loyalists- to the British Crown came over after the American Revolution
    • Settled in Maritime Provinces
      • Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island
  • Provinces- political units similar to states
population patterns cont
POPULATION PATTERNS (cont)
  • Quebec- settled by French; keeps its French heritage
  • Inuit- Arctic peoples of North America; about 1 million
  • 90% of the people live bet. the U.S./Canada border
    • Much of Canada is inhospitable
    • Rugged terrain and bitterly cold
  • Avg. pop. density = 8 per sq. mi.
  • Most live in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta
major urban areas
MAJOR URBAN AREAS

Toronto = industry and finance

Montreal = industry and shipping

Vancouver = trade b/t Canada and Asia

Edmonton

history and govt
HISTORY and GOVT
  • Driven by French and English roots, independence and immigration
  • 1400s- John Cabot and Jacques Cartier
  • 1600s- French and British competed
  • 1800s- British and French feared US invasion
  • 1867- Dominion of Canada
    • Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
  • Dominion = partial self governance
history and govt cont
HISTORY and GOVT (cont)
  • Independence
    • 1st attempt 1931
    • British gov’t kept the right to approve constitutional changes
  • 1982
    • Canada granted full freedom
    • Constitutional monarchy established
expansion and diversity
EXPANSION and DIVERSITY
  • 1800s- land from Atlantic to Pacific, and Arctic to US Border
  • 1815-1855- 1 million British settlers
  • Quebecois- French speaking people of Canada
  • Klondike Gold Rush
    • Many Natives booted
  • 1998- Nanavut- “our land”; formal apology
modern challenges
MODERN CHALLENGES
  • NAFTA
    • Trading bet. US and Canada
    • Elimination of trade barriers
  • What to do w/Quebec?
    • French nationalists want to start a separatist movement
    • Want independence
culture1
CULTURE
  • Official languages: English and French
  • Religions: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Sikhism
  • Education and Health-Care:
    • Private and Public
    • 97% literacy rate
    • Must be in school bet. 6-16 yrs of age
    • Health-Care- gov’t sponsored
the arts
THE ARTS
  • British, French, American, and Native influences
  • 1950s- mass media pushed purchasing of locally produced goods
  • Early 1900s- art by Natives
    • Group of Seven- painted the rugged Northern Canadian Landscapes
  • Writers- Hugh MacLennan & Margaret Lawrence
  • Toronto- theater and music capital of Canada
family life
FAMILY LIFE
  • One of the wealthiest in the world
  • High standard of living
  • 70% are married
    • 60% of these have kids
  • 1970s
    • 1 of 10 was 65 or older
  • Today
    • 1 of 6 is 65 or older
  • Avg. life expectancy = 80 yrs (highest in world)
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