Sentencing. Objectives (Principles/Goals), Considerations , and Procedures. GOALS OF SENTENCING. A judge’s discretion in the sentencing process is guided by the principles and objectives of sentencing that are codified in the Criminal Code of Canada.
Objectives (Principles/Goals), Considerations, and Procedures
To discourage the offender from re-offending : SPECIFIC DETERRENCE or,
To discourage members of society from committing similar crimes: GENERAL DETERRENCE.
3. SEGREGATION/PROTECTION OF THE PUBLIC
To help offenders become law-abiding citizens;
Punishment is combined with treatment and training to help offenders function in society;
The idea is also to prevent RECIDIVISM – when an offender returns to crime after release from prison.
To ensure an offender has accepted that his/her actions were wrong, and acknowledged the harm done to the victim and to society.
CONCERNING THE OFFENDER
CONCERNING THE OFFENCE