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Getting & Using Transit Data. John Semmens Laissez Faire Institute & Arizona Transportation Institute. Aggregated Data Sources. Public Transportation Fact Book , American Public Transportation Association ( http://www.apta.com )

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Getting & Using Transit Data

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Getting using transit data

Getting & Using Transit Data

John Semmens

Laissez Faire Institute

&

Arizona Transportation Institute


Aggregated data sources

Aggregated Data Sources

  • Public Transportation Fact Book, American Public Transportation Association (http://www.apta.com)

  • Highway Statistics, Federal Highway Administration (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/)

  • American Dream Coalition (http://americandreamcoalition.org/)


Transit data

Transit Data

  • Ridership: Trips & Passenger-Miles

  • Vehicle-Miles & Hours

  • Costs & Revenues

  • Crashes & Fatalities

  • Crime


Highway data

Highway Data

  • Vehicle-Miles

  • Costs & Revenues

  • Crashes & Fatalities


City by city data

City-by-City Data

  • Transit Profiles, Federal Transit Administration (http://www.ntdprogram.com/NTD/Profiles.nsf/ProfileInformation?OpenForm&2001&All).

  • Section 5309 Annual Report on New Starts and Final Environmental Impact Statement, Valley Metro (www.valleymetro.org)


Local data

Local Data

  • Disaggregated Data

  • Traffic Impact

  • Environmental Impact


Getting using transit data

Transit's Share of Urban Travel

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

1945

1950

1955

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2001

Year

Sources: Public Transportation Fact Book and Highway Statistics


Getting using transit data

Cost Per Person-Mile of Travel

Taxes

Private Costs/Fares

Total

Roads

$ 0.05

$ 0.29

$ 0.34

Buses

$ 0.58

$ 0.20

$ 0.78

Light Rail

$ 1.34

$ 0.14

$ 1.48

Sources: Public Transportation Fact Book,Highway Statistics and American Dream Coalition


Getting using transit data

Impacts of Alternative Investments

($ in billions)

Public Transit

Break-Even

5% ROI

Amount Invested

$370

$370

$370

Current Value of Residual Assets

$19

$370

$615

Number of Jobs

1 million

19 million

32 million

Source: Public Transportation Fact Book


Getting using transit data

Urban Travel Fatality Rates by Mode 1991-2001 Averages

Bus

Commuter Rail

Heavy Rail

Light Rail

Urban Auto

Fatalities/Billion Vehicle Miles

55

391

133

359

11

Fatalities/Billion Person-Miles

6

12

6

14

10

Sources: Public Transportation Fact Bookand Highway Statistics


Getting using transit data

2001 Public Transit Serious Crime Statistics

Total

Rate*

Bus

5,285

240

Commuter Rail

2,768

290

Demand Response

26

30

Heavy Rail

11,849

836

Light Rail

1,528

1,063

*murder/rape/robbery/assault/larceny/theft/burglary/arson per billion passenger miles

Source: Public Transportation Fact Book


Getting using transit data

Carbon Monoxide Parts/Million

in Year 2020

No-Build

Build Light Rail

Amount Higher Under Build Option

AverageOne Hour Levels

6.5

6.8

+0.3

Average Eight Hour Levels

4.6

4.8

+0.2

Source: Central Phoenix/East Valley Light Rail Project: Final Environmental Impact Statement


Getting using transit data

Impact on Daily Traffic

Auto Speeds

Build

No Build

Region

22.3 mph

22.4 mph

Corridor

17.7 mph

17.9 mph

Source: Central Phoenix/East Valley Light Rail Project: Final Environmental Impact Statement


Getting using transit data

Relative Performance for Phoenix Transportation Options

Efficiency

Equity

Effectiveness

Mode

Cost per

Rider-mile

Rider share

of cost

Share of

regional travel

Light Rail

$2.90

5%

0.2%

Bus

$1.87

15%

0.9%

Road/Auto

$0.35

100%

98.9%

Sources:

Central Phoenix/East Valley Light Rail Project, FY 2004 Section 5309 Annual Report on New Starts (Valley Metro)

Regional Transportation Plan (Maricopa Association of Governments)

American Dream Coalition


Summing up

Summing Up

  • There is a lot of published data available—both national & local.

  • Some data are easy to get, other data require more effort.

  • The data tell a story of public transit inefficiency, inequity & ineffectiveness.

  • Getting this story out to the media and voters is difficult.


Getting using transit data

Questions ?


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