Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format
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ERT 446 FINAL YEAR PROJECT 2 THESIS FORMAT. Prepared by; SYAZWANI MAHMAD PUZI School of bioprocess engineering. NUMBER OF PAGES. Chapter 1 = 3-4 pages Chaper 2 = 10-15 pages Chapter 3 = 8-10 pages Chapter 4 = 10-15 pages Chapter 5 = 2-3 pages References = 2-3 pages

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ERT 446 FINAL YEAR PROJECT 2 THESIS FORMAT

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Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

ERT 446 FINAL YEAR PROJECT 2THESIS FORMAT

Prepared by;

SYAZWANI MAHMAD PUZI

School of bioprocess engineering


Number of pages

NUMBER OF PAGES

  • Chapter 1 = 3-4 pages

  • Chaper 2 = 10-15 pages

  • Chapter 3 = 8-10 pages

  • Chapter 4 = 10-15 pages

  • Chapter 5 = 2-3 pages

  • References = 2-3 pages

    Total pages Chap 1-References 35-50 pages


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

1. TYPING


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

2. SUBDIVISON

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

1.1Background of Study

1.2Problems Statement

1.3 Objectives

3-5 pages


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

Example 1:

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1Biolubricant

2.1.1 Type of Biolubricant

2.1.2 Source of Biolubricant

2.1.2 Physico-chemical Properties of Biolubricant

2.2Jatrophacurcas

2.2.1 Source of Jatrophacurcas

2.2.1.1 Jatrophacurcasfrom Malaysia

2.2.1.2 Jatrophacurcasfrom Indonesia

2.3 Oil Blend

2.3.1Application of Oil Blend

2.3.1 Advantages Oil Blend As Biolubricant

2.4 Design of Experiment (DOE)

2.5Kinetic Study of Oil Blend


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY

Example 2:

CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY

1 paragraph of introduction

3.1Materials

3.2 Oil Extraction

3.3Determination of Physico-chemical Properties Of Oil Extraction

3.3.1Total Fat Content

3.3.2Acid Value

3.3.3Peroxide value

3.4Determination of Physico-chemical Properties Of Oil Blend

3.4.1Total Fat Content

3.4.2Acid Value

3.4.3Peroxide value

3.5Oil Blending

3.6Screening of Oil Blend (JCO+Safflower Oil)

3.7Optimization of Oil Blend (JCO_Safflower Oil)


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

CHAPTER 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

Example 3:

CHAPTER 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

4.1Comparison of Physico-chemical Properties-Before and After Blending

4.2 Fatty Acid Composition

4.3Functional Group Identification – FTIR

4.4Screening of Effect Parameters – Oil Blending

4.5 Optimization of Oil Blending

4.6Characterization of Oil Blend as Biolubricant Application


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION

CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION

5.1Summary

5.2Recommendation for Future Project

5.3 Commercialization Potential

3- 4 Pages


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

3. TABLES


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 4: Non-numbering Style

Table 3.1: Recommended sample weights of oxirane oxygen determination.

Source: Swern et al. (2010).

12 point Times New Romans (single spacing for long tables, long equation, notes, footnotes & reference enteries.)


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 5: Numbering Style

Table 3.1: Recommended sample weights of oxirane oxygen determination [4].

You may choose either non-numbering or numbering style in your thesis writing


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 6: If your table exceed more than 1 page, the

caption for the continues table only type as below:

Table 3.1: Continue

Source: Swern et al. (2010).

Any table/figure/etc that you mention in the thesis must be appear/explain in the text of any paragraph of any chapter.

The position of the table either before or after the explanation.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. FIGURES


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 7:

Re-type by using

insert text in MSWords.

Border:

Black

1 – 1.5 weight

Figure 1.1: Production of Jatropha Seed Oil

Source: Swern et al. (2010).


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 8:

Border:

Black

1 – 1.5 weight

Figure 1.1: Production of Jatropha Seed Oil [4].


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 9:

If this figure not clear, you need to re-draw if it is necessary.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 10:

Plate 1.1: Milk clotting.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

Example 11:

Figure 1.2: Transesterification reaction.

Source: Swern et al. (2010).

If the figure from internet/journal/etc not clear please used chemdraw software to sketch it.

Figure 1.2: Transesterification reaction.

Source: Swern et al. (2010).


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

http://www.cambridgesoft.com/Ensemble_for_Chemistry/ChemDraw/

http://scistore.cambridgesoft.com/ScistoreSoftwareDisplay.aspx?Trial=Trial/

http://www.acdlabs.com/resources/freeware/chemsketch/


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. Equations

The procedure for determination of peroxide value was started with 2 g of sample was weighted into the 250 mL flask. The corrected ratio 3:2 of acetic acid –chloroform was added into the flask. Then, 0.5 mL of saturated potassium iodide was added and swirling the solution in 1 minute before adding of 30 mL distilled water. After that, 0.01 N sodium thiosulphate solutions were titrating gradually and vigorously shaking. The titration step was finished when a blue colour just disappears. Besides that, for sample contain high peroxide value, 0.01 N sodium thiosulphate solution was titrated until yellow iodine colour has most disappeared before starch indicator was added to continues titration until colour just almost disappears. Finally, blank test was carried out using the same procedure. Finally the peroxide value was calculated using Equation 3.10 (Salimon et al. 2006).

Peroxide value = (Vs-Vb ) N x 1000 (3.10)

W

Where,

Vs=Volume in milliliters, of the sodium thiosulphate solution of normality N,

used for determination

Vb= Volume in milliliters of the sodium thiosulphate solution used for the blank

test

W=Weight in grams of the test portion

N is the normality of the sodium thiosulphate solution


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References-Journal: 1 Author

Author Name. Year. Article Title. Name of Journal. Edition(month or no. publishing). Page number.

Example 12:

Cermak, V. (1975). Combined Heat Flow and Heat Measurements in the Bohemian Generation Massif, Journal of Geothermics, 4(3), pp. 19-26.

In thesis writing Non-numbering system:

The scope of peroxide value test is suitable for all normal fats and oils. In application, peroxide value can be used as an indicator to measure early oxidation process products (Salimon, 2006).

OR

According to Salimon (2006) the scope of peroxide value test is suitable for all normal fats and oils. In application, peroxide value can be used as an indicator to measure early oxidation process products.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References-Journal: 1 Author

Author Name. Year. Article Title. Name of Journal. Edition(month or no. publishing). Page number.

Example 13: One Author

Cermak, V. (1975). Combined Heat Flow and Heat Measurements in the Bohemian Generation Massif, Journal of Geothermics, 4(3), pp. 19-26.

In thesis writing Numbering system:

The scope of peroxide value test is suitable for all normal fats and oils. In application, peroxide value can be used as an indicator to measure early oxidation process products [5].

According to Salimon [5], the scope of peroxide value test is suitable for all normal fats and oils. In application, peroxide value can be used as an indicator to measure early oxidation process products.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References-Journal: 2 Authors

Example 14:

Cermak, C.S. and Isbell, T.A. (2009), Synthesis and physical properties of mono-estolides with varying chain lenghts, Industrial Crops and Products, 29, pp. 205-213.

In thesis writing Non-numbering system:

Synthesis of long chain capped estolide was conducted without

solvent in 1000 mL three neck flask (Cermak and Isbell, 2009).

OR

Cermak and Isbell (2009) stated that, synthesis of long chain capped

estolide was conducted without solvent in 1000 mL three neck flask.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References-Journal: 2 Authors

Example 15:

Cermak, C.S. and Isbell, T.A. (2009), Synthesis and physical properties of mono-estolides with varying chain lenghts, Industrial Crops and Products, 29, pp. 205-213.

In thesis writing Numbering system:

Synthesis of long chain capped estolide was conducted without

solvent in 1000 mL three neck flask [5].

OR

Cermak and Isbell [5] stated that, synthesis of long chain capped

estolide was conducted without solvent in 1000 mL three neck flask.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References-Journal: More 2 Authors

Example 16:

Isbell, T.A., Lowery, B.A., DeKeyser, S.S., Winchell, M.L. and Cermak, S.C. (2006),Physical properties of triglyeceride estolides from lesquerella and castor oils, Industrial Crops and Products, 23(4), pp. 255-263.

In thesis writing Non-numbering system:

Lesquerella and castor triglyceride estolides improved the physical properties (Isbell et al., 2009).

OR

Isbell et al. (2009) conclude that, Lesquerella and castor

triglyceride estolides improved the physical properties


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References-Journal: More 2 Authors

Example 17:

Isbell, T.A., Lowery, B.A., DeKeyser, S.S., Winchell, M.L. and Cermak, S.C. (2006),Physical properties of triglyeceride estolides from lesquerella and castor oils, Industrial Crops and Products, 23(4), pp. 255-263.

In thesis writing Non-numbering system:

Lesquerella and castor triglyceride estolides improved the physical properties (Isbell et al., 2009).

OR

Isbell et al. (2009) conclude that, Lesquerella and castor

triglyceride estolides improved the physical properties


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References-Journal: More 2 Authors

Example 18:

Isbell, T.A., Lowery, B.A., DeKeyser, S.S., Winchell, M.L. and Cermak, S.C. (2006),Physical properties of triglyeceride estolides from lesquerella and castor oils, Industrial Crops and Products, 23(4), pp. 255-263.

In thesis writing Numbering system:

Lesquerella and castor triglyceride estolides improved the physical properties [5]

OR

Isbell et al. [5] conclude that, Lesquerella and castor

triglyceride estolides improved the physical properties


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References: Conference or Proceeding

Author(s), (year). Article Title, Name of conference, Location of conference, page number.

Example 19:

Kua Lay Chim, Rozaini Abdullah, Zarina Zakaria & Huzairy Hassan, (2012).

Studies Of Potential Plant Parts Of Kesinai (Streblus Asper) For Protease Production, Proceeding Malaysian International Conference on Trends in Bioprocess Engineering, Kedah, Langkawi, pp 105-115.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References: Books

Author(s), (year). Title of book in italic, Edition number, Name of publisher, publication.

Example 20:

Sze, S.M. (2012). Organic Chemistry, 6th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, United Kingdom.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References: Thesis

Author(s), (year). Title thesis in italic, Type of publication, Name of institution, country.

Example 21:

Sze, S.M. (2012). The production of glucose from paddy straw, MSc. Thesis, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References List: Non-numbering system

Swern, D., Thomas, W.F., Geraldine, N.B., and John T.S. (1947). Determination of oxirane oxygen, Eastern Regional Research laboratory, Philadelphia 18.

Tan, S.G., and Chow, W.S. (2010). Biobasedepoxidized vegetable oils and its greener epoxy blends : a review, Polymer-Plastic Technology and Engineering, 49, pp. 1581-1590.

Wagner, H., Luther, R., and Theo, M. ( 2001). Lubricant base fluids based on renewableraw materials their catalytic manufacture and modification, Applied Catalysis A. 221, pp. 429-442.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

4. References List: Numbering system

[1] Swern, D., Thomas, W.F., Geraldine, N.B., and John T.S. (1947). Determination of oxirane oxygen, Eastern Regional Research laboratory, Philadelphia 18.

[2] Wagner, H., Luther, R., and Theo, M. ( 2001). Lubricant base fluids based on renewableraw materials their catalytic manufacture and modification, Applied Catalysis A. 221, pp. 429-442.

[3] Tan, S.G., and Chow, W.S. (2010). Biobasedepoxidized vegetable oils and its greener epoxy blends : a review, Polymer-Plastic Technology and Engineering, 49, pp. 1581-1590.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

http://www.mendeley.com/download-mendeley-desktop/

USED THIS LINK TO HELP YOU TO ORGANIZE ALL YOUR REFERENCES.


Ert 446 final year project 2 thesis format

THANK YOU.


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