Off site emergency plan disaster management plan for ernakulam district
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OFF-SITE EMERGENCY PLAN [DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN] FOR ERNAKULAM DISTRICT. Presentation by. K.M. AMANULLA KERALA STATE PRODUCTIVITY COUNCIL & B. UMMER Sr. Jt. DIRECTOR OF FACTORIES AND BOILERS . Why off site emergency plans ?.

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Off site emergency plan disaster management plan for ernakulam district l.jpg

OFF-SITE EMERGENCY PLAN

[DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN]

FOR

ERNAKULAM DISTRICT


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Presentation by

  • K.M. AMANULLA

  • KERALA STATE PRODUCTIVITY COUNCIL

  • &

  • B. UMMER

  • Sr. Jt. DIRECTOR OF FACTORIES AND BOILERS


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Why off site emergency plans ?

  • Ernakulam District has a number of Chemicals, Petrochemicals and other industries where hazardous materials are handled


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Special Issues….

  • Very large atmospheric storages of ammonia (5000, 10000 MT with FACT), pressurized storages at FACT (763 MT), chlorine (50 MT at TCCL), 1500 MT LPG at HOCL and KRL.

  • Active and major chemical port

  • Southern naval command and important military installations

  • Large number of tankers transporting hazardous chemicals

  • Highly aware and sensitized population


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Fire, Explosion or release of toxic chemicals can affect areas both inside and outside of these industries.


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  • Onsite emergency plansare prepared by theindustriesfordealing withmajor accidentson the sites whereindustrial activitiesare carried on.


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Offsite emergency plan is prepared in anticipation of any such onsite events spreading outside the boundary of the industry.


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Experience has shown that pre-planned and practiced procedures for handling an emergency can considerably reduce loss of life and minimize damage to property and environment.


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Statutory requirements

  • Prepared in January, 1991 by the Crisis Management Committee constituted by the Govt. of Kerala as per G.O (Rt) No. 2482/89/ Home dated 26th May, 1989 with the District Collector, Ernakulam as chairman.


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As per the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 and The Control of Major Industrial Accident Hazard (Kerala) Rules, 1993[Now amended as Kerala Factories(Major Accident Hazard Control)Rules 2005]


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Objectives of the plan Response) Rules, 1996

  • . 1. Safe guard lives, property and

  • environment.

  • 2.To contain the incident and bring it

    under control.

  • 3.To restore normalcy.


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Providing information to all concerned on the estimated consequences.

Warning and advising people affected.

Mobilising on-site resources available in the industry to contain the emergencies.

This is achieved through:-


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Calling up assistance from district agencies. consequences.

Initiating and organizing effective evacuation of affected people.

Providing necessary first aid and other medical services.


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Collecting data to plan for future course of action. consequences.

Co-ordinating action taken by various agencies.


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The updated offsite emergency plan gives the consequences.action plan for the crisis management and specifies the functions of various agencies in the crisis management group.


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The plan covers information on:- consequences.

Major Accident Hazard Installations

Chemical Data Sheets

Roles of service agencies like police, fire service and health services,


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Role of Non Governmental Organisations, consequences.

First aid and antidotes,

The requirements in transportation of hazardous substances, etc


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The offsite emergency plan requires consequences.updating at least once in three years or more frequently under the following conditions.

  • Commissioning of new industries which manufacture, store and handle hazardous chemicals in quantity equal to or more than the threshold quantity prescribed in the rules.

  • Change of manufacturing processes and capacity increase.


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Development of new information and technology in the safety systems and the consequent major changes in the emergency plans of the individual units.

Amendment in the statutes.


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CONTENTS systems and the consequent major changes in the emergency plans of the individual units.

  • ACTION PLAN FOR

  • OFF- SITE EMERGENCY

  • IN ERNAKULAM DISTRICT


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  • CONTROL ROOM systems and the consequent major changes in the emergency plans of the individual units.

  • A twenty four hour working full fledged District Emergency Control Room is to be set up at the Collectorate and till such arrangements, the Control Room at the City Police Commissioner’s Office, High Court Junction, Ernakulam is to be used as control room. The control room of Fire Force Department at club road, Ernakulam is to be used as second stand by.


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  • STRUCTURE systems and the consequent major changes in the emergency plans of the individual units.

  • The emergency control cell has the following structure

  • District Emergency Controller (DEC): District Collector

  • Emergency Coordinators : ADM/CPC/SP(R) / Divisional Fire Officer


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ARRANGEMENT / FACILITY systems and the consequent major changes in the emergency plans of the individual units.

  • The emergency control room has the following arrangement/ facility

  • Duty Operator under 24 hours service.

  • At least two independent telephones so as to ensure the working of minimum one phone.


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Wireless communication facility. systems and the consequent major changes in the emergency plans of the individual units.

Wireless equipped vehicle.

Copy of off-site emergency plan.

List of Telephone numbers, both official and residential, and residential addresses of officials notified in the Action Plan.


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Details such as the quantity and location of availability of

Medicines for first aid

Fire fighting equipment

Water sources

Chart depicting “Do’s” & “Don’ts”

Emergency power generator


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  • OPERATION

  • Once the operator in the control room receives the information regarding the chemical accident he shall immediately get into contact with the On-Site emergency controller or near by Police Station to assess the actual situation and correctness of the news.


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On confirmation he shall contact immediately the District Emergency Controller (DEC), the District emergency coordinators and all other service agencies to move over to the situation.

The District Emergency Controller and other agencies shall move to the location and take charge of the situation as planned.


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  • RESPONSIBILITIES OF DISTRICT Emergency Controller (DEC), the District emergency coordinators and all other service agencies to move over to the situation.

  • EMERGENCY CONTROLLER (DEC)

  • Immediately on knowing about the emergency, he shall proceed to the site and take charge of the overall control.

  • Depending upon seriousness of the emergency, ensure help from nearby districts.

  • Exercise control of the unaffected areas.


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Maintain a continuous monitoring of the situation. Emergency Controller (DEC), the District emergency coordinators and all other service agencies to move over to the situation.

Ensure that causalities are receiving adequate attention and relatives are advised through District Information Officer.

Ensure availability of funds to meet the contingency.


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  • DUTIES OF EMERGENCY Emergency Controller (DEC), the District emergency coordinators and all other service agencies to move over to the situation.

  • COORDINATORS

  • Immediately on knowing about the emergency, they shall proceed to the site.

  • Assess the magnitude of the situation and decide its line of action.

  • Pending the arrival of District Emergency Controller, assume the duties of his post.

  • Provide advice and information to the service agencies as and when they arrive.


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Ensure that the affected persons are evacuated to the relief centres.

Report all significant developments to the District Emergency Controller.

Provide information in any subsequent enquiry into the cause and circumstances of the emergency.

Assess the damages caused in the disaster.

Prepare disaster planning sheet.


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  • CONNECTED AGENCIES centres.

  • The duties of the service agencies and other related support agencies are briefly explained below. For further details of service agencies reference shall be made to chapters 3 to 5.


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  • Police centres.

  • Inform other agencies.

  • Provide support to other service

  • agencies.

  • Traffic and mob control.


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Arrange for evacuation of people on advice from District Emergency Controller or Emergency Coordinators.

Broadcast on advice from District Emergency Controller or Emergency Coordinators.


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  • Fire Service Emergency Controller or Emergency Coordinators.

  • Fight fire and prevent spread of fire.

  • Stop gas / chemical leakage.

  • Rescue and salvage operation.

  • Assist evacuation.


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  • Medical Emergency Controller or Emergency Coordinators.

  • First Aid.

  • Provide proper medical attention to victims during transit to hospital.

  • Medical treatment of persons affected by the mishap.


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SUPPORT AGENCIES Emergency Controller or Emergency Coordinators.

  • Technical:

  • (Joint Director of Factories & Boilers, Chief Environmental Engineer, KSPCB, Controller of Explosives, NEERI etc)

  • Provide necessary technical assistance as required by service agencies to investigate the cause of disaster.


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  • Rehabilitation Emergency Controller or Emergency Coordinators.

  • (ADM, ADC, Tahsildars, Village Officers, District Supply Officer, Corporation Secretary, Municipal Secretaries etc.)

  • Make arrangements for transport and evacuation.

  • Make arrangements for rehabilitating people evacuated.


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Provide emergency measure in the area with necessary facilities.

Make arrangements for food, medical & hygiene facilities.

Maintain telephone and other communication facilities in efficient working condition.


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  • Support Services facilities.

  • [Deputy Director, Home guards, Chief Engineer, KSEB, Chief Engineer, KWA, General Manager BSNL, RTO, DTO, KSRTC, Area Manager, Railways, Doordarshan, AIR etc.]

  • To provide necessary support services as required by other service agencies


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  • DISASTER PLANNING SHEET facilities.

  • A review of the various stages of operation in the case of disaster shall definitely help in containing the disaster of the same nature in future. For this purpose Disaster Planning sheet shall be prepared for each disaster grouped according to the nature of disaster.


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The following details are included in the Disaster Planning Sheet.

Nature of Disaster/Chemicals involved.

Name of the factory.

Date and time of occurrence.

Area affected.


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If evacuation was done, was it done successfully, if not why?

Whether medicines were readily available, if not, note the items for which there was shortage.

Whether all the services could be mobilized in time, if not, the reasons thereof.


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Whether on-site emergency controller informed the control room in time.

Whether the operator was available, if so whether District Emergency Controller and District Emergency Coordinators were informed in time, if not, why?

Suggestions.


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The emergency plan has to be tested for its efficiency by conducting mock drills

Major Mock-Drills were done for ammonia leakage at FACT, LPG fire at KRL

Mock Drills


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ACTION PLAN FOR CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN ERNAKULAM DISTRICT conducting mock drills

District Collector/ADM, CPC, SP(R) Divisional Fire officer,

Incident Controller of the Factory

Commissioner

of Police,

Kochi city

Divisional

Fire Officer

District Medical

Officer

Sr. Joint Director of

Factories &Boilers

Chief Env:Engg,KSPCB

Controller of Explosive

NEERI etc

RTO,KWA,KSEB

DTO-KSRTC

Railways

Door Darshan

AIR

ADM,ADC,

Tahsildars

Village Officers

Sec-Local Bodies

Dist Supply Officer

Duties

Duties

Duties

Duties

Duties

Duties

Inform other

agencies

Provide support

to

service agencies

Control traffic

and mob

Arrange for

evacuation

of people

on advice from

chairman,

Fighting the fire

and preventing it

Stopping Gas and

chemical leakages

to reduce effect of

toxic

gas and fumes

Rescue and

salvage

operations

Assist evacuations

First aid

Provide Proper

Medical

Attention to

Victims during

Transportations

Medical Treatment

of workers

and people

affected

by the mishap

Provide

necessary

Technical

Assistance

as

required by

service

agencies to

investigate

the cause of

disaster etc

Provide

necessary

support service

as

required

by other

service agencies

Arrange for

rehabilitation of

evacuees

Arrange for

food etc

Maintain Service

facilities and

working

conditions


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  • INFORMATION SHEETS conducting mock drillsON

  • MAJOR HAZARD INSTALLATIONS

  • Detailed information such as process details,quantity of hazardous chemicals

  • medical and fire fighting facilities available, contact numbers of key personnel etc are documented


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  • Police Services conducting mock drills

  • Duties

  • Name of Industries under Police Stations


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Fire Services conducting mock drills

Duties

List of Fire stations with telephones & facilities


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  • Health Services conducting mock drills

  • Duties

  • List of Hospitals with phone numbers & facilities


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  • List of conducting mock drillsNGOs with contact details

  • First Aid & Antidotes

  • Emergency management duringTransport of Hazardous Chemicals


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  • Annexures conducting mock drills

  • Copy of the order from Home Dept

  • Copy of the letter on the formation of Crisis Group

  • Telephone numbers of Crisis Group Members

  • Contact numbers of MAH units in Ernakulam District

  • Important telephone numbers (Municipalities, Tahsildars, Panchayats, Important Hospitals etc.

  • Map of Ernakulam District with Road, Rails

  • Important Technical Actions for fires, toxic releases etc. for major chemicals handled


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Thank You conducting mock drills


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