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COEN 252 Computer Forensics

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COEN 252 Computer Forensics. Investigating Hacker Tools. Program Analysis. Given an executable, how do we find out what it does? Try to find the program online. Perform source code review. Execute the program in a sandbox. Program Compilation. Compiler

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coen 252 computer forensics

COEN 252 Computer Forensics

Investigating Hacker Tools

program analysis
Program Analysis
  • Given an executable, how do we find out what it does?
    • Try to find the program online.
    • Perform source code review.
    • Execute the program in a sandbox.
program compilation
Program Compilation
  • Compiler
    • Translates HLL code to Assembly / ILL
  • Assembler
    • Translates Assembly code to machine language
  • Linker
    • Creates object code out of several modules.
    • A program usually makes library calls (stdio)
program compilation1
Program Compilation
  • Statically Linked: All library code is part of the object code
  • Dynamically Linked: Program calls library functions. (DLL)
  • Stripping: Removes all symbols from object code.
  • Packing with UPX.
program compilation2
Program Compilation
  • Static compilation needs more memory
program analysis1
Program Analysis
  • Static Analysis:
    • Determine the type of executable.
      • file in Unix
      • exetype in Windows
    • Symbol Extraction:
      • Use a program like strings to find symbols left in object code.
      • Names give hints on program.
      • Will not work for stripped files.
program analysis2
Program Analysis
  • Find the program online:
    • Use the name of the file to find online versions.
    • Use strings to check whether this is a similar file.
    • Use same compiler to compile the online version and check for similarity.
program analysis3
Program Analysis
  • Investigate source code
program analysis4
Program Analysis
  • Dynamic Analysis of a Hacker Tool
    • Create a sandbox.
      • VMWare
    • Do not connect to the internet.
    • Sniff on a closed network.
    • On Unix, use strace.
      • Monitors OS calls.
    • On Windows, use Filemon, Regmon, ListDLLs, PsList, Fport
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