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Bologna Process Stocktaking Conclusions and Recommendations. Prof. Andrejs Rauhvargers, Chair of Bologna Stocktaking WG. Degree structure. Full implementations of 3 cycles seems to be mainly a question of time Issues: Certain regulated professions are not included everywhere

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bologna process stocktaking conclusions and recommendations

Bologna Process StocktakingConclusions and Recommendations

Prof. Andrejs Rauhvargers, Chair of Bologna Stocktaking WG

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009

degree structure
Degree structure

Full implementations of 3 cycles seems tobe mainly a question of time

Issues:

  • Certain regulated professions are not included everywhere
  • Master’s degrees level not clear across the EHEA (EUA finding)
  • Access to the next cycle may include additional measures
  • Third cycle: need to provide transferable skills is not fully understood, status of doctoral candidates varies

Can be completed in relatively near future

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

employability
Employability
  • Countries still don’t have sufficient data,
  • Bachelor – acceptance and employability
    • Too little involvement of employers: especially in QA and governance

Time for improvement of situation will vary

  • Perceived as important priority underpinning several action lines
  • Work is going on everywhere,
  • Not always fully understood, too much rush

Culture change is necessary, may take time

Learning outcomes

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

slide4
ECTS
  • Use of credits for accumulation and transfer is +/- implemented

Issues:

  • linkage with learning outcomes : - not everywhere, - not always properly
  • problems to measure workload correctly

May take time for proper implementation

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

qualifications frameworks
Qualifications frameworks
  • Much effort in 2007-2009
  • NQF proposal approved - 19 countries
  • NQF self-certifiedwith the EHEA framework in 6 countries (another 6 close to completion)
  • Not enough integration between the NQF, learning outcomes, ECTS and flexible learning paths
  • Risks of superficial implementation, e.g. starting self-certification too early

Will take time for implementation

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

implementation of esg for qa
Implementation of ESG for QA

External QA

  • Is operating in practically all EHEA
  • International experts and students are involved in QA but there are gaps
  • Evaluation of QA Agencies – in 16 countries

Could be completed in near future

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

internal qa
Internal QA

+/- in place:assuring staff quality, internal approval of programmes, QA strategies

More difficult parts:

  • linking programs with learning outcomes
  • designing assessment procedures to measure achievement of the intended learning outcomes
  • the need of change is not always understood

Fully-fledged introduction of outcomes-based

quality culture will take more time

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

implementation of the lisbon recognition convention
Implementation of the Lisbon Recognition Convention

Legislation: in most countries +/- OK but:

  • Fair & coherent recognition in EHEA is not yet there
  • Need to improve procedures is not always understood

Tools for improvement:

  • Consistent practices/terminology across EHEA;
  • Common understanding of substantial differences
  • Checking quality of recognition procedures at quality assessments

Involves change of attitude/culture – will take time

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

recognition of prior learning
Recognition of prior learning
  • In a small group of countries RPL already works well
  • Difficulties for some countries in understanding the concept of RPL
  • RPL may be included in national policy but not applied

Change of culture needed – may take time

Joint degrees

  • in ¾ of the countries JDs are now allowed

Global dimension

  • many countries promote their own HE systems, though very few focus on promoting the EHEA

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

recommendations general
Recommendations - general
  • All stakeholders must re-affirm their full commitment to the goals of the EHEA
  • Tools created within the Bologna Process must be used to create a true culture of LLL,
  • Explicit links should be established between learning outcomes, qualifications frameworks, QA systems and recognition practices.

Recommendations to countries

  • Include all fields of study in the Bologna structure,
  • promote awareness of the relevance of the degrees for both employment and for access

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

recommendations to countries
Recommendations to countries
  • Implement a NQF, describe all programmes using learning outcomes,
  • Ensure full implementation of all 3 parts of the ESG,
  • Develop coherent & transparent recognition practices,
  • Make lifelong learning a genuine reality,
  • Facilitate recognition of prior learning,
  • Promote student mobility within and between cycles, exploiting the potential of the 3-cycle system, using ECTS and increasing the supports for mobile students

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

social dimension analysis of national reports
Social dimension – analysis of National Reports
  • some National Reports contain a careful description of situation, a clear explanation of policy measures and clear strategies for the future,
  • other countries provide hardly any information or even stated that they have no under-represented groups
  • striking discrepancy between optimistic description in NRs vs. the data provided by Eurostat & Eurostudent
  • all countries take actions to enhance participative equity, but only a minority has set up monitoring systems

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

social dimension
Social Dimension
  • There is a long way to go before the student body will reflect the diversity of our populations,
  • Development of flexible learning paths is crucial – for both LLL and inclusion,
  • There is strong need for evidence-based policy making
  • Report of Eurostat and Eurostudent is the first step,
  • Ministers should reiterate objectives and commit themselves to collecting and developing sound data on the social dimension and on mobility

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

slide14

Thanks for your attention!

Thanks to the Stocktaking and Social Dimension working groups!

6th Bologna Ministerial Conference, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009Prof. A.Rauhvargers, Latvia, Chair of Stocktaking Working group

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