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Deemed exports: FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security. Carrie D. Wolinetz, Ph.D. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Office of Public Affairs Deemed Export Advisory Committee Meeting June 19, 2007. Intersection of science & security.

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deemed exports faseb science bio security

Deemed exports:FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security

Carrie D. Wolinetz, Ph.D.

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

Office of Public Affairs

Deemed Export Advisory Committee Meeting

June 19, 2007

slide3

Intersection of science & security

Visas, foreign scientists & students

“Dual use”

Select agents

Export controls

Publication / communication / OFAC

Protection of data

Technology

Science

Detection / diagnosis / metrics

“Sensitive” information

Economic impact

Codes of conduct

Ethical / moral boundaries

Chemical, radiological, biological weapons

Policy

Security

Global health

Bioterrorism

Shipping / border control

Arms control

Regulation

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Computing
  • Geology
  • Mathematics
  • Etc., etc….
general principles
General principles:
  • Science thrives in an open environment, free exchange of knowledge
  • Global enterprise, U.S. benefits from interaction & engagement with foreign nationals
  • Science / research contributes greatly to national security and quality of life
  • Security controls need to be unambiguous, feasible, sensible – i.e., NSDD 189
common themes common problems
Common themes, common problems:
  • You can’t regulate what you can’t see / define
    • Physical vs. deemed exports, “use” control
    • Dual use technologies, biology
    • “Sensitive” information
    • Ambiguity = compliance by overreaction
  • Science is dynamic, not static
    • Cannot predict in advance what technologies, knowledge will be needed to pursue a question
    • Dual use nature of research not clear at outset
  • Science as a meritocracy
    • “Second class citizen” status for foreign nationals??
slide6

Policies that inhibit information exchange will be bad for science.

A robust research enterprise is critical for national & international security.

sensible solutions
Sensible solutions
  • Continued dialogue / involvement with academic research community
    • Increased awareness = increased compliance
    • Utilization of expertise, advisory role
  • Visa process should be point of control for foreign nationals
  • Maintain unambiguous fundamental research exclusion
cwolinetz@faseb org 301 634 7650
[email protected]

(301) 634-7650

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