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Deemed exports: FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security. Carrie D. Wolinetz, Ph.D. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Office of Public Affairs Deemed Export Advisory Committee Meeting June 19, 2007. Intersection of science & security.

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Deemed exports: FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security

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Deemed exports:FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security

Carrie D. Wolinetz, Ph.D.

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

Office of Public Affairs

Deemed Export Advisory Committee Meeting

June 19, 2007


Intersection of science & security

Visas, foreign scientists & students

“Dual use”

Select agents

Export controls

Publication / communication / OFAC

Protection of data

Technology

Science

Detection / diagnosis / metrics

“Sensitive” information

Economic impact

Codes of conduct

Ethical / moral boundaries

Chemical, radiological, biological weapons

Policy

Security

Global health

Bioterrorism

Shipping / border control

Arms control

Regulation

  • Biology

  • Chemistry

  • Physics

  • Computing

  • Geology

  • Mathematics

  • Etc., etc….


General principles:

  • Science thrives in an open environment, free exchange of knowledge

  • Global enterprise, U.S. benefits from interaction & engagement with foreign nationals

  • Science / research contributes greatly to national security and quality of life

  • Security controls need to be unambiguous, feasible, sensible – i.e., NSDD 189


Common themes, common problems:

  • You can’t regulate what you can’t see / define

    • Physical vs. deemed exports, “use” control

    • Dual use technologies, biology

    • “Sensitive” information

    • Ambiguity = compliance by overreaction

  • Science is dynamic, not static

    • Cannot predict in advance what technologies, knowledge will be needed to pursue a question

    • Dual use nature of research not clear at outset

  • Science as a meritocracy

    • “Second class citizen” status for foreign nationals??


Policies that inhibit information exchange will be bad for science.

A robust research enterprise is critical for national & international security.


Sensible solutions

  • Continued dialogue / involvement with academic research community

    • Increased awareness = increased compliance

    • Utilization of expertise, advisory role

  • Visa process should be point of control for foreign nationals

  • Maintain unambiguous fundamental research exclusion


[email protected]

(301) 634-7650


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