Deemed exports faseb science bio security
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Deemed exports: FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security. Carrie D. Wolinetz, Ph.D. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Office of Public Affairs Deemed Export Advisory Committee Meeting June 19, 2007. Intersection of science & security.

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Deemed exports: FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security

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Deemed exports faseb science bio security

Deemed exports:FASEB, Science & (Bio)Security

Carrie D. Wolinetz, Ph.D.

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

Office of Public Affairs

Deemed Export Advisory Committee Meeting

June 19, 2007


Deemed exports faseb science bio security

Intersection of science & security

Visas, foreign scientists & students

“Dual use”

Select agents

Export controls

Publication / communication / OFAC

Protection of data

Technology

Science

Detection / diagnosis / metrics

“Sensitive” information

Economic impact

Codes of conduct

Ethical / moral boundaries

Chemical, radiological, biological weapons

Policy

Security

Global health

Bioterrorism

Shipping / border control

Arms control

Regulation

  • Biology

  • Chemistry

  • Physics

  • Computing

  • Geology

  • Mathematics

  • Etc., etc….


General principles

General principles:

  • Science thrives in an open environment, free exchange of knowledge

  • Global enterprise, U.S. benefits from interaction & engagement with foreign nationals

  • Science / research contributes greatly to national security and quality of life

  • Security controls need to be unambiguous, feasible, sensible – i.e., NSDD 189


Common themes common problems

Common themes, common problems:

  • You can’t regulate what you can’t see / define

    • Physical vs. deemed exports, “use” control

    • Dual use technologies, biology

    • “Sensitive” information

    • Ambiguity = compliance by overreaction

  • Science is dynamic, not static

    • Cannot predict in advance what technologies, knowledge will be needed to pursue a question

    • Dual use nature of research not clear at outset

  • Science as a meritocracy

    • “Second class citizen” status for foreign nationals??


Deemed exports faseb science bio security

Policies that inhibit information exchange will be bad for science.

A robust research enterprise is critical for national & international security.


Sensible solutions

Sensible solutions

  • Continued dialogue / involvement with academic research community

    • Increased awareness = increased compliance

    • Utilization of expertise, advisory role

  • Visa process should be point of control for foreign nationals

  • Maintain unambiguous fundamental research exclusion


Cwolinetz@faseb org 301 634 7650

[email protected]

(301) 634-7650


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