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”Oljenæringens samfunnsansvar – et innlegg om holdninger, verdier og bedriftsfilosofi” Desemberkonferansen 2008 Gro Skaaren-Fystro, TI Norge [email protected] Corruption Perception Index 2008. Hva skyldes fallet på årets indeks?. Økt bevissthet om korrupsjon i Norge

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”Oljenæringens samfunnsansvar – et innlegg om holdninger, verdier og bedriftsfilosofi”

Desemberkonferansen 2008

Gro Skaaren-Fystro, TI Norge

[email protected]

hva skyldes fallet p rets indeks
Hva skyldes fallet på årets indeks?
  • Økt bevissthet om korrupsjon i Norge
  • Det blir ikke gjort nok verken i offentlig eller privat sektor for å bøte på problemet
examples of corruption in norway
Examples of corruption in Norway
  • Vannverksaken
  • Oslo Kommune-saken
  • Drammen Kommune-saken
  • Gardermoen-saken
  • Mannesmann/Statoil-saken
  • UNICEF-saken
  • Røde Kors-saken
  • Statoil/Horton-saken
  • Veritas-saken
  • Ullevål-saken
  • Finance Credit
  • OVDS-saken
  • SINTEF-saken
  • Vinmonopolet
  • Legeerklæringer
  • Matvarekjedene
  • Forsvaret
  • Midtåsen-saken
  • Båtsertifikat-saken

Listen er mye lenger…..

sectors most prone to bribery
Sectors most prone to bribery
  • Public works/construction
  • Arms and defence
  • Oil and gas
  • Real estate/property
  • Telecoms
  • Power generation/transmission
  • Mining

Source: TI Bribe Payers Index

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PROMOTING

REVENUE

TRANSPARENCY

what is the project about
What is the Project about?

Transparency can change resource

curse in to a blessing

Project Objectives:

  • To measure revenue transparency performance and diagnose areas for improvement.
  • To develop broad standards for revenue transparency.
  • To support the use of the revenue transparency standards and measures of performance by companies, rating agencies, investors, government regulators and civil society.
companies report
Companies Report

Method

  • Desk study
  • Based on publicly available information
  • Increased coverage: 42 companies in 21 countries of operation
  • Indicators (framework): made adjustments to first one but kept comparability
    • Addressed feedback from first iteration: context, refine questions, id N.A.
    • Developed special SOE section
    • Increased Anti-Corruption
  • Participatory: early company engagement in
    • Method refinement
    • Data validation
project governance
Project Governance
  • Reference ( Advisory ) Group
    • Partners (TI,PWYP,RW)
    • Industry Associations/Companies
    • Governments
    • Investors
    • Rating Agencies
    • EITI Secretariat
    • Experts (industry, measurement, etc.)
  • Working Group ( max 15 participants)
    • TI
    • Project Partners
    • Measurement Experts
    • Industry Associations of Company Reps / Governments Rep
    • Country implementers
    • EITI Secretariat
  • Expert Task Forces for concrete tasks
  • Project Management

ADVICE

MULTISTAKEHOLDER

GUIDANCE

MULTISTAKEHOLDER

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COMPANIES REPORT 2007: COMPANY COVERAGE (per Home Country)

Gazprom, Rosneft, Lukoil

Nexen, Talisman Petro Canada,

BP, BG

Statoil

CNPC, CNOOC, Petrochina, Sinopec

Shell

Total

Kazmunaingaz

Amerada Hess, Exxon Mobile, Chevron, Devon, Conoco Philips, Marathon

Inpex

Repsol

NIOC

ONGC

Eni

Sonatrach

KPC

Pemex

Qatar

Petronas

Aramco

Pedevesa

NNPC

Pertamina

GEPetrol

SNPC

Sonangol

Petrobras

BHP Billiton, Woodside

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Looking at our more detailed results and with respect to IOCs and NOCs outside their home jurisdictions, discrepancies are significant between public policy and actual performance disclosure…

Good policy and performance

Better performance than policy

Some policy, some performance

Performance

Better policy than performance

Poor performance disclosure

Policy

IOCs and NOCs outside their home jurisdictions

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…whereas policy appears to matter less with NOCs operating at home.

Good policy and performance

Performance

Medium to good performance, irrespective of policy

Poor policy and performance

Policy

NOCs home operations

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Based on our report, our long-term objective should be to move companies from official policy up to actual performance…

Performance

Policy

IOCs and NOCs outside their home jurisdictions

recommendations
Recommendations
  • Oil and gas companies should proactively report in all areas relevant to revenue transparency on a county-by-country basis.
  • Home governments and appropriate regulatory agencies should require revenue transparency reporting for the operations of their companies at home and abroad.
  • Governments from oil and gas producing countries should urgently introduce regulations that require all companies operating in their territories to make public all information relevant to revenue transparency.
  • Regulatory agencies and companies should improve the accessibility, comprehensiveness and comparability of reporting on all areas of revenue transparency by adopting a uniform global reporting standard.
challenges
Challenges
  • First integrated and systematic approach to companies: no body said it was easy.
  • Creating and sustaining engagement with stakeholders is challenging: tradeoffs, courage, the meaning of collaborative approach.
  • Delicate exercise of power balancing: keeping perspective, the meaning of multi-stakeholder approach; dynamics within the actors.
extractive industries transparency initiative eiti
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
  • Lansert av Tony Blair i 2002
  • EITI fastsetter internasjonale og aktørspesifikke åpenhetsstandarder innenfor utvinnings-industrien
  • Internasjonalt multi-stakeholder initiativ som involverer
    • Betalere av inntekter (selskaper)
    • Mottakere av inntekter (myndigheter)
    • Brukere av informasjon (sivilsamfunnet)
    • Giverland
    • IMF, Verdensbanken, EBRD
    • Investorer
eiti kriteriene
EITI-kriteriene
  • Regulær publisering av alle materielle betalinger fra olje-, gass- og gruveselskaper til myndighetene og alle inntekter myndighetene mottar fra olje-, gass- og gruveselskaper.
  • Alle betalinger og inntekter (som nevnt over)skal være gjenstand for en kredibel og uavhengig revisjon hvor internasjonale regnskapsstandarder blir benyttet.
  • Betalinger og inntekter skal sammenstilles av en uavhengig administrator som benytter internasjonal regnskapsstandard. Administratorens konklusjoner skal publiseres.
eiti kriteriene1
EITI-kriteriene

4. Kriteriene gjelder alle selskaper også statseide selskaper.

5. Det sivile samfunn skal være aktive som deltager i utformingen, overvåkningen og evalueringen av prosessen og skal også bidra i den offentlige debatten.

6. En offentlig og finansiell bærekraftig arbeidsplan for alle punkter nevnt over skal fremlegges av myndighetene. Arbeidsplanen skal inkludere målbare størrelser, en tidsplan for implementering og en vurdering av mulige kapasitetsbeskrankninger.

.

business principles for countering bribery
Business Principles for Countering Bribery
  • Selskapet skal forby bestikkelser i alle former enten direkte eller indirekte.
  • Selskapet skal iverksette et anti-korrupsjonsprogram

.

elementer i et anti korrupsjonsprogram
Elementer i et anti-korrupsjonsprogram
  • Gjøre ansatte kjent med relevante lovbestemmelser som gjelder for korrupsjon både hjemme og i aktuelle land
  • Innfør etiske retningslinjer og følg opp med kurs og opplæring,
  • Etabler internkontroller og rutiner for å avdekke uregelmessigheter
  • Innfør et kontaktpunkt for varsling – gjerne eksternt
  • Undersøk korrupsjonsrisiki i aktuelle markeder
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