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Recruiting for Corrections: A Look at Social Work. Tracy Whitaker, Director Melvin Wilson, Manager, Workforce Development & Training Center for Workforce Studies National Association of Social Workers August 14, 2006. The Need for Social Work Labor Force Data.

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Recruiting for Corrections: A Look at Social Work

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Recruiting for Corrections: A Look at Social Work

Tracy Whitaker, Director

Melvin Wilson, Manager, Workforce Development & Training

Center for Workforce Studies

National Association of Social Workers

August 14, 2006


The Need for Social Work Labor Force Data

  • Growing needs will increase the demand for social work services, particularly in the area of criminal justice

  • Existing data sets were inadequate for making accurate predictions about the future supply of frontline social workers


Inconsistent Data Have Implications for Workforce Planning

  • Recruitment of new social workers

  • Retention of the current workforce

  • Replacement of retiring social workers


2004 NASW National Survey of Licensed Social Workers


Partners

Funding Partners

  • The Atlantic Philanthropies

  • The John A. Hartford Foundation

  • The Annie E. Casey Foundation

  • The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

    Research Collaborators

  • The Center for Health Workforce Studies, University at Albany

    NASW Workforce Study Expert Panel


Methodology

  • A random sample of 10,000 licensed social workers from across the country was surveyed to identify their:

    • Demographic characteristics;

    • Practice setting and work locations;

    • Activities and tasks;

    • Education and training, both initial and continuing;

    • Current compensation and benefits;

    • Attitudes about their profession and their work;

    • Perceptions about the job market.


Survey

  • Eight-page Instrument

    • Core

      • Background

      • Social Work Practice

      • Services to Clients

      • Workplace Issues

    • Two Supplements

      • Services for Older Adults

      • Services for Children/Families


Survey Process

  • Names of licensed social workers from 48 states and the District of Columbia

  • Stratified random sample

    • Stratified by region

    • N = 10,650

  • Three mailings over three months

  • Response rate approximately 50%


Social Workers’ Most Frequent Primary Practice Areas

  • 37% Mental Health

  • 13% Child Welfare/Family

  • 13% Health

  • 12% Aging

1% Criminal Justice


Educational Preparation


Age


Racial/Ethnic Diversity


Primary Employment Sector


Primary Employment Setting


Personal Safety


Employers’ Staffing Strategies


Career Plans—Next 2 Years


Social Workers in the Criminal Justice System

Departments of Corrections

Parole and Probation


Settings

  • Social Workers in Prisons

  • Social Workers Involved in Community Supervision Efforts

  • Social Workers In Re-Entry


Expanded Need for Social Workers/Case Managers

Responding to Re-Entry Initiatives


Community-Based Social Work/Case Management After Prison Discharge

  • Social Workers in Private Non-Profit Re-Entry Services Agencies Provide:

    • Social Skills Building

    • Mental Health Treatment and Referrals

    • Prevention and Treatment of Alcohol and Other Drugs (AOD)

    • Family Counseling

    • Referrals to Primary Medical and Oral Health Care; and

    • Referrals to Housing


  • Prison-Based Discharge Planning

  • Pre-Release Preparation

    • Job Counseling

    • Social Skills Training

    • Involving Families in Re-Entry Planning


Case Management as a Function of Social Work

Definition of Case Management

Role of Case Managers


Qualifications

  • Qualifications of Social Worker/Case Manager in Criminal Justice (State of Maryland’s Department of Public Safety):

    • Criminal Justice Social Worker/Advanced :

      • Masters Degree in Social Work

      • Licensed as an LCSW by the State

    • Criminal Justice Casework Specialist

      • Masters Degree in Social Work

      • State Drivers License


Social Worker/Case Management Duties

  • Initial Point of Contact for Services for Inmates in Corrections System;

  • Liaison with Inmates’ Families

  • Respond to Social Services and Day-to-Day Inmate Non-Security Related Issues;

  • Discharge Planning

  • Assessments


For more information about the 2004 National Survey of Licensed Social Workers or the NASW Center for Workforce Studies:

http://workforce.socialworkers.org


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