What is the ada
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What is the ADA? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What is the ADA?. The Americans with Disabilities Act (and ADA Amendments Act) is a federal civil rights law.

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What is the ADA?

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What is the ADA?

  • The Americans with Disabilities Act (and ADA Amendments Act) is a federal civil rights law.

  • The ADA guarantees equal opportunity and protects individuals with disabilities in state and local government services, public accommodations, employment, transportation, and telecommunication.

What is a disability under the ADA?

  • An individual is considered to have a “disability” if he or she has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity, has a history of such impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment.

  • Major life activity = caring for one’s self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, working.

ADA Amendments Act

  • Expanded the “definition” of disability/major life activity in 2008 and implemented in 2009

  • Makes it easier for an individual seeking protection under the ADA to establish that he or she has a disability

  • New definition now includes = reading, concentrating, thinking, bending, communicating, major bodily functions (functions of the immune system, normal cell growth, digestive, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory, circulatory, and reproductive functions)

SDAO Over the Last 3 Years

Alternative Format Requests Over the Last 3 Years

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act

  • Section 508 is an amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that requires federal agencies and programs that receive federal funding to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities.

  • Although most instructors may be aware that the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) spells out requirements for accessibility, they may not know the specifics as they apply the use of video and multimedia in their courses. 

U.S. Access Board Information Communication Technology (ICT) Refresh

On February 23, 2014, the Board submitted a proposed rule to update the Section 508 Standards and the Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which has 90 days to complete its review. Once cleared by OMB, the proposed rule will be published in the Federal Register and will be available for public comment for a specified period of time.

What is Captioning?

Captioning is the process of converting the audio content of a television broadcast, webcast, film, video, CD-ROM, DVD, live event, or other productions into text and displaying the text on a screen, monitor, or other visual display system.

Captions Should Be

  • synchronized and appear at approximately the same time as the audio is delivered.

  • equivalent and equal in content to that of the audio, including speaker identification and sound effects.

  • accessible and readily available to those who need or want them.

  • captions must have sufficient size and contrast to ensure readability, and be timely, accurate, complete, and efficient. 

  • when displayed, captions must be in the same line of sight as any corresponding visual information, such as a video, speaker, field of play, activity, or exhibition.

Our Areas of Concern

  • Classroom Videos

  • Distance Learning Videos

  • Websites

Classroom Videos

  • Currently handled on a case by case basis - once you have a student who is in need of captioned videos enrolled in your class, SDAO suggests

    • either choose videos/films that are already captioned

    • start captioning all your videos for your course right away

    • or at least have a transcript of the video available

Distance Learning Videos

  • The videos on Coursera MOOCs are also handled on a case by case basis, however, when the ICT Refresh is implemented, ALL videos will most likely be required to be captioned.


  • Videos posted should be captioned for individuals who are deaf/hearing impaired

  • Audio descriptions for individuals who are blind/visually impaired should be available. (Again, beware that the laws are changing).


  • YouTube videos: not always accurate.

  • Example: Duke Students

  • Blind/Visually Impaired

    - Provide audio descriptions for all multimedia that contains essential visual information.

  • Duke has a selected 3PlayMedia as our preferred provider. Please visit OIT’s website: https://oit.duke.edu/voicevideoweb/video/creating/captioning.php

Words Matter


Dot MishoeBianca Taylor

Director, SDAOAssistive Technology Coordinator

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