Capitalization
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Capitalization. Copy all notes in Grammar Section of Binder. Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts. RULE #1. Capitalize the first word of a sentence. P ioneers pushed the American frontier westward. RULE #2. Tyrone said, “ T he pioneers acted very bravely.”.

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Capitalization

Capitalization

Copy all notes in Grammar Section of Binder.


Rule 1

Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts

RULE #1

Capitalize the first word of a sentence

Pioneers pushed the American frontier westward.


Rule 2

RULE #2

Tyrone said, “The pioneers acted very bravely.”

Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation that is a complete sentence.


Rule 3

RULE #3

When a quoted sentence is interrupted by explanatory words, such as she said, do not begin the second part of the sentence with a capital letter.

“They left their homes,” said Lee, “so they could improve their lives.”


Rule 3 continued

RULE #3 continued

“Many pioneers went west for the rich farmland,” said Maria. “They also wanted to build new homes.”

When the second part of a quotation is a new sentence, put a period after the interrupting expression, and begin the second part of the quotation with a capital letter.


Rule 4

RULE #4

Do not capitalize an indirect quotation. An indirect quotation does not repeat a person’s exact words and does not appear in quotation marks. It is often introduced by the word that.

Tanya read thatmany pioneers traveled in Conestoga wagons.


Rule 5

RULE #5

Dear Mrs. Johnson,

Dear friend,

Yours truly,Sincerely,

Capitalize the first word in the salutation and closing of a letter. Capitalize the title and name of the person addressed.


Assignment 1

Assignment #1

Worksheet Lesson #68

Study the review notes and follow the directions.


Capitalizing people s names and titles rule 6

Capitalizing people’s names and titlesRule #6

Capitalize the names of people and the initials that stand for their names.

Meriwether Lewis

Susan B. Anthony

J. F. Cooper


Rule 7

Rule #7

General Lee Sen. John Glenn

Mrs. Adams

Did Lieutenant Clark say, “Yes, Captain, I’ll go with you’?

Capitalize a title or an abbreviation of a title when it comes before a person’s name or when it is used instead of a name.


Rule 7 continued

Rule #7 continued

Clark himself was later promoted to captain.

Thomas Jefferson, then president, planned the expedition.

Do not capitalize a title that follows a person’s name or is used as a common noun.


Rule 8

Rule #8

M. Katayama, M.D.

Jan Rangel, Ph.D.

Robert Ayers, Jr.

Capitalize the names and abbreviations of academic degrees that follow a person’s name. Capitalize Jr. and Sr.


Rule 9

Rule #9

In 1960 Father retraced the steps of Lewis and Clark.

He was accompanied by Uncle Bill

Capitalize words that show family relationships when used as titles or as substitutes for a person’s name.


Rule 9 continued

Rule #9 continued

Do not capitalize words that show family relationships when they follow a possessive noun or pronoun.

Sharon’saunt Janet wrote an article about the trip.

Possessive Noun


Rule 10

Rule #10

Social studies is the subjectIlike.

Always capitalize the pronoun I.


Assignment 2

Assignment #2

Writer’s Choice text p. 541—exercise 2 in journals. Check and record tomorrow.


Assignment 3

Assignment #3

Classwork:

Worksheet Lesson 69

TLW use rules of capitalization for names and titles.


Capitalizing place names rule 11

Capitalizing place namesrule #11

Capitalize the names of cities, counties, states countries, and continents.

Houston Orange County

IowaJapan


Capitalizing place names rule 12

Capitalizing place namesrule #12

Capitalize the names of bodies of water and geographical features.

Mediterranean SeaGulf of Mexico

Niagara FallsAtlantic Ocean


Capitalizing place names rule 13

Capitalizing place namesrule #13

Capitalize the names of sections of the country.

MidwestNew England

the Far West


Capitalizing place names rule 14

Capitalizing place namesrule #14

Capitalize compass points when they refer to a specific section of the country.

the West Coastthe North

the Southeast


Capitalizing place names rule 14 continued

Capitalizing place namesrule #14 continued

Do not capitalize compass points when they indicate direction.

Los Angeles is south of San Francisco.

Do not capitalize adjectives derived from words indicating direction.

easterly windwestern Texas


Capitalizing place names rule 14 continued1

Capitalizing place namesrule #14 continued

Capitalize the names of streets and highways.

Monroe StreetRoute 66

Mercury Boulevard

Candy Avenue


Capitalizing place names rule 14 continued2

Capitalizing place namesrule #14 continued

Capitalize the names of buildings, bridges, and monuments.

Chrysler BuildingBrooklyn Bridge

Washington Monument


Capitalizing place names rule 15 continued

Capitalizing place namesrule #15 continued

Capitalize the names of celestial bodies.

Pluto North Star

the Milky Way


Assignment 4

ASSIGNMENT #4

Classwork: TLW identify and use the rules to capitalization for place names

Textbook p. 543 exercise 4 in journals.


Day 5 assignment

Day 5 assignment

TLW FOLLOW THE RULES OF CAPITALIZATION FOR NAMES OF PLACES.

CLASSWORK:

Lesson 70 p. 241-244


Capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectives rule 16

Capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectivesRule #16

Capitalize the names of clubs, organizations, businesses, institutions, and political parties.

Data Corporation

Boy Scouts

Republican party


Rule 17

Rule #17

Capitalize brand names but not the nouns following them.

Cruncho peanut butter

Spiffycleaning fluid


Rule 18

Rule #18

Capitalize the names of important historical events, periods of time, and documents

Battle of Yorktown

Bronze Age

Bill of Rights


Rule 19

Rule #19

Capitalize names of days of the week, months of the year, and holidays. Do not capitalize names of the seasons.

Thursday

April

Memorial Day

summer


Rule 20

Rule #20

Capitalize the first word, the last word, and all important words in the title of a book, play, short story, poem, essay, article, film television series, song, magazine, newspaper, and chapter of a book.

AWrinkle in Time

“The Raven”

Washington Post


Rule 21

Rule #21

Capitalize the names of ethnic groups, nationalities, and languages.

Asian

German

Spanish

English


Rule 22

Rule #22

Capitalize proper adjectives that are formed from the names of ethnic groups and nationalities.

Asian languages

Italian food

English authors


Assignment 6

Assignment #6

TLW FOLLOW RULES OF CAPITALIZATION FOR NOUNS AND PROPER ADJECTIVES

Writer’s Choice text p. 545—exercise 6 in journals. Check and record tomorrow.


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