Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Overview of agencies' work and Progress. SCN Geneva, 14 March 2006 Randa Saadeh World Health Organization Nutrition for Health and Development. Contribution to specific MDG goals: (1) eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (6) combat HIV/AIDS, malaria
Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Overview of agencies' work and Progress
SCNGeneva, 14 March 2006Randa SaadehWorld Health OrganizationNutrition for Health and Development
Contribution to specific MDG
(1) eradicate extreme poverty
(6) combat HIV/AIDS, malaria
and other diseases.
The three diseases "can be
largely controlled through
education, prevention and
when illness strikes,
treatment and care".
What is the role of nutrition in the care and support of PLWHA?
How HIV infection leads to micronutrients deficiency, and how deficiencies/supplementation may affect various transmission and progression-related outcomes
How HIV infection affects energy/protein requirements, and how deficiencies/supplementation may affect various transmission and progression-related outcomes
How nutrition may affect ARV efficacy and how ARVs may lead to better nutritional status on the one hand and dyslipidemia and insulin resistance on the other
In meeting the challenge, WHO is developing a comprehensive evidence-based strategic approach that will ensure full integration of nutritional care in response to the global AIDS treatment emergency
1. Strengthening & integrating nutrition
& HIV/AIDS policies, strategies &
2. Developing Norms & Strategies
findings including micro-
nutrient & HIV/IF issues
stages of disease, sex &
3. Capacity Building
5.Developing of appropriate M & E Indicators
In house – HIV/AIDS,CAH, RHR, FOS, LEG,
Other agencies – UNICEF, FAO, UNAIDS, UNHCR
WFP, IAEA, ILO, UNDP
FAO, HIV/AIDS, Food Security and Nutrition
HIV/AIDS leads to food insecurity, poverty and malnutrition through a number of known pathways at both farm and individual levels.
And since good nutrition allows PLWHA to feel better and live longer..
Ensuring food and nutrition security and supporting livelihoods is central to any response.
(also have activities supporting orphans, prevention education)
*UN Framework for priority actions on HIV and IF- (13countries)
*National policies on HIV and IF (72 countries)
*Integrating nutrition interventions into PMTCT scale-up plan – joint technical missions in 5 countries
*UNICEF joined WHO in the introduction of IYCF courses
* Jointly with WHO, revised BFHI materials in HIV context
* Support governments in working with OVCs* Collaborating with WHO in development of guidelines including micronutrient supplementation
Note: 1 country requested support within all 4 program areas
Need to act now: balance the needs to fill knowledge gaps and implementing what we know
Building the capacity to make it "universal" and sustainable
Dissemination of information and good communication strategies
Coordination between partners and different players
Balance between production of normative work and country-community level activities
Adequate human and financial resources to put our knowledge into practice.