Who is the head of the household
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Who is the head of the household?. Kim Robertson Human Development Programme, Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Presentation. Background on the SPC, PICTs The misuse of the ‘household head’ Palau: re-defining the household head using wage and salary income traditional definition

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Who is the head of the household?

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Who is the head of the household

Who is the head of the household?

Kim Robertson Human Development Programme,

Secretariat of the Pacific Community


Who is the head of the household

Presentation

Background on the SPC, PICTs

The misuse of the ‘household head’

Palau: re-defining the household head using wage and salary income

traditional definition

a closer look at head and spouse

using all household members


Who is the head of the household

The Secretariat of the Pacific Community

Pacific regional organisation providing training and technical assistance from land, marine and social resources divisions – all PICTs are members (research a new mandate)

Recently moved to joint country programming – 5 completed in 2007 – refocusing activities on PICT needs

SPC Pacific Women’s Bureau providing assistance to PICTs to improve use of gender statistics

PRISM regional Internet database

www.spc.int


Who is the head of the household

Pacific Island Countries and Territories

14 UN countries

1 NZ ‘affiliate’ (Tokelau)

1 UK territory

3 US territories

3 French territories


Who is the head of the household

Mis-use of the household head

Not ‘true’ head of household – more like a ‘household reference person’

PICTs: culture dictates that the oldest or highest ranking male will be the head of the household

Matrilineal societies (2 countries; other ‘islands’) female heads normally nominate a male son/relative to manage affairs outside ‘culture’: husband or this person is usually the ‘survey’ household head

‘Relationship’ question not used other than for household head identification (edited but not used to derive family structures)


Who is the head of the household

Palau – matrilineal culture

Population around 19,000.

Former US territory, independent since 1994 (Compact of Free Association Trust Fund, US major donor)

Consists of more than 340 islands, of which only 9 are inhabited (south and north excluded from HIES because of cost and availability of administrative and Census data)

Relatively ‘high’ development in terms of HDI (GDP per capita around USD6,000, high literacy, low-ish fertility, high labour force participation)


Who is the head of the household

Sex of household head

28% of households headed by females

High proportion of adults in workforce, low subsistence activity; other significant income is superannuation (social security)

3,838 households have income from wages or salaries (c. 80%)

Using wages & salaries because this is related to person number … so can analyse using other variables such are relationship, sex and so on


Who is the head of the household

‘Traditional’ definition of head

BUT we know there is a high LFPR

‘Traditional’ analysis would say that women’s wage and salaries in households they head are 9% lower than males


Who is the head of the household

‘Head and spouse’ definition of income

When ‘head’ is defined by highest wage & salary income of head and his or her spouse


Who is the head of the household

‘All members’ definition of income

When ‘head’ is defined by highest wage & salary income of all household members


Who is the head of the household

‘All members’ definition of income

Average household income based on ‘traditional’ and ‘all members contribution’ 40% female headed


Who is the head of the household

Further work

Final edited data – ‘poverty’ datasets rather than ‘national accounts’ datasets

Derive family structures / living arrangements

Relate as many sources of income to household members as possible

Check sampling and non-sampling errors

DEAL WITH MAJOR PROBLEMS – National Statistics Offices do not have the capacity for this kind of analysis and are reluctant to release this data to researchers; Women’s focal points probably don’t know that this kind of data / analysis exists


Who is the head of the household

Pacific Island Country and Territory National Statistics Offices Internet websites, regional summary tables (MDGs) can be accessed through

http://www.spc.int/prism

Population and projection information is available from

http://www.spc.int/sdp


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