Some Ideas about Plagiarism Linda Boynton, Highland Lakes. These are some slides pulled from a larger presentation I did for people outside the English Discipline on Creating Effective Writing Assignments. I’ve added text so the slides make sense without any presentation.
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1.Understand why students cheat:
“Natural economizers,” poor study skills, lack of writing confidence, or don’t care.
Also, they get many mixed messages.
For example, check out this site: (123helpme.com)
This web site has a selection of papers color coded and priced from free to $29.95, along with a guarantee that “If you ever find a similar essay cheaper on another website, we will refund your money.” Plus there is a 60 percent sale right now.
The site has also has links that explain plagiarism. Then they invite students to “donate an essay. ”
BUT they caution that
“ All submitted documents must be your own original work.”
2. Educate them about what plagiarism is:
Working with texts from your discipline, show properly cited quotations, paraphrases, and summaries, not as a plagiarism “lesson” on a specific day, but throughout the class as part of your regular lectures when the opportunities present themselves.
3. Discuss the benefits of citing sources:
Increases their authority, shows they have done the research, honors thinkers and intellectual property, what they too will be, and have, once they become part of their chosen career fields.
Let them know that in college, we appear knowledgeable and authoritative by showing we have done the research and have a chorus of cited voices supporting our views.
4. Make consequences:
Academic Honesty Consent Statement (given out on Staff Development Day)
Joseph Biden's Plagiarism;
Democratic presidential candidate Joseph R. Biden Jr., a U.S. senator from Delaware, was driven from the nomination battle after delivering, without attribution, passages from a speech by British Labor party leader Neil Kinnock. A barrage of subsidiary revelations by the press also contributed to Biden's withdrawal: a serious plagiarism incident involving Biden during his law school years; the senator's boastful exaggerations of his academic record at a New Hampshire campaign event; and the discovery of other quotations in Biden's speeches pilfered from past Democratic politicians.
(like two journals, two interviews, one survey…or incorporate these two articles into the paper…or at least two sources from this last year, or all sources from last five years)
To prevent students from just taking a whole paper from somewhere, make them accountable for developing it in stages using “layered” assignments for major papers:
Sample: Layering a paper requiring some research
1.First segment: informal exploration of topic and its importance without using research (have the students discover their own voices first—what do they already know, why do they care, what do they want to find out)
2. Next segment: listing and review of secondary sources (see annotated bibliography slide)
3. Next segment—turn in one point from the paper, incorporating sources, so you can see if they are handling it properly. You can also show the class good some examples from this collected batch to serve as models.
4. Next segment: Paper due
5. Require oral reports
Not enough time for oral reports? Ask for “Conceptual accountability”:
“I will choose one section of your paper at random and ask you to explain your ideas, the vocabulary you used to express them, and the support you used to prove them.”
Even less time? Oral paper question follow up:
As you grade papers, identify one concept for a quick discussion on the day papers are returned: “What did you mean here by dynamic equivalence?”
Show plenty of samples of what you might ask so they understand what will come. (This is easy after you keep track of the questions you actually used with papers from one whole class.)
6. Ask for an annotated bibliography (This is a 4-6 sentence summary of each source—ask for a couple per week leading up to the due date)
Goldscheider, Frances Kobrin, Linda J. Waite, and Christina Witsberger. "Nonfamily Living and the Erosion of Traditional Family Orientations Among Young Adults." American Sociological Review 51 (1986): 541-554.
The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.
Ask for Actual Sources: Some instructors ask students to turn in copies of their research.
(This is the document I handed out at Staff Development Day)
To ensure students have a conceptual handle on their papers…
Look for clues:
Plagiarism.org (Turnitin, ithenticate) These are high priced institutional detectors
EVE (Essay Verification Engine) (canexus.com) $29.99—good for individual use.