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Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction into Humanitarian Programmes. Lessons learnt and recommendations following the FRIEND Program. Presentation Objectives: Lessons learnt after the FRIEND Program: How to mainstream DRR in emergencies operation?. Why it is important?

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integrating disaster risk reduction into humanitarian programmes
Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction into Humanitarian Programmes
  • Lessons learnt and recommendations following the FRIEND Program
slide2
Presentation Objectives: Lessons learnt after the FRIEND Program: How to mainstream DRR in emergencies operation?
  • Why it is important?
  • Key areas of mainstreaming for emergency operations
  • Lessons learnt and recommendations

2

value add of integrating drr into emergency operations why it is important
Value-Add of Integrating DRR into Emergency Operations Why it is important?
  • DRR saves lives by increasing community & individual action that protects life, infrastructure and livelihoods when humanitarian actors are not yet present.
  • DRR contributes towards ending the vicious cycle of poverty and links emergency intervention with government actions
  • DRR decreases the need and cost of humanitarian intervention by making infrastructure and communities more resilient and reducing the detrimental effects of recurrent humanitarian intervention (aid dependency)
  • DRR increases project sustainability, impact and strengthens humanitarian actors exit strategies.

3

key areas for mainstreaming drr into emergency actions
Key Areas for Mainstreaming DRR into Emergency Actions
  • CASH FOR WORK:
  • Scheme design & Construction Quality
    • Community Ownership of Schemes
        • Local ownership by participative maintenance systems
        • Inclusion of the schemes in the government plans
  • Important Considerations:
    • Budget Limitations & DRR Materials

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key areas for mainstreaming drr into emergency actions1
Key Areas for Mainstreaming DRR into Emergency Actions
  • Cash for training/ unconditional training
  • Choice of modules & targeting based on gender analysis and existing DRR plans
  • Difference between user and decision maker taken in account in the targetting.
  • Module content, focus & timing

8

key areas for mainstreaming drr into emergency actions2
Key Areas for Mainstreaming DRR into Emergency Actions
  • strengthening disaster management institutions
  • DMC consultation & involvement encourages activation & community interaction.
  • Scheme selection can contribute towards the implementation of Risk Reduction Action Plans (RRAP’s)

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key areas for mainstreaming drr into emergency actions3
Key Areas for Mainstreaming DRR into Emergency Actions
  • Assessment and Monitoring
  • Evaluation of the Knowledge, Aptitudes and Practices of the local DMC’s (according to the existing SOD) and communities to identify training needs and address identified gaps
  • Coping Strategy Index and a rapid HEA in comparison of Food Consumption Score or other food security indicators
  • A micro-level stakeholder analysis for scheme selection
  • A rapid gender analysis for the targeting strategy and training module design
  • A rapid market analysis to anticipate inflations risks and chose the best way to stimulate the local market

10

lessons learnt and recommendations
Lessons Learnt and Recommendations
  • Integrating DRR into emergency response programs can be relatively simple and low cost:
  • Scheme design, technical assessment, appropriate site selection, engineering and adequate DRR reinforcement materials and soil quality.
  • Development of minimum standards for scheme design, technical training of field facilitators, increased budget for DRR materials, incorporation of low cost design features and tools.
  • Linkages developed with LGAs and relevant government bodies for scheme sustainability, involvement of PIC in design, implementation and capacity building for scheme maintenance.
  • Involvement and reactivation of DMCs for systems strengthening.
  • Trainings to help community better understand the linkages between their food security and disaster & climate change risk, livelihood resilience, hazard mitigation and risk reduction of schemes.
  • Baseline KAP and evaluation of applied learning to be included

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