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Florida Injury Prevention Programs for Seniors (FLIPS). Senior Fall Prevention. Senior Module. Flexibility. To maximize health and independence you should be flexible in: mind body home lifestyle. The Facts— Are Falls Really A Problem?. 1 in 3 seniors fall each year.

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  • To maximize health and independence you should be flexible in:
    • mind
    • body
    • home
    • lifestyle
the facts are falls really a problem
The Facts—Are Falls Really A Problem?
  • 1 in 3 seniors fall each year.
  • Those who have fallen once have a greater chance of falling later.
  • In 1999, ~21,000 seniors in Florida were hospitalized due to hip fractures from falls.
  • Indirect costs: loss of independence and decreased quality of life.
managing health risk factors
Medical Conditions






Cardiac medication



Managing Health Risk Factors
managing health risk factors cont d
Managing Health Risk Factors cont’d…
  • Balance
  • Sensory perception, i.e. vision, touch, etc.
  • Memory and focus
  • Dementia
  • Fear of falling
lifestyle behaviors exercise nutrition
Lifestyle Behaviors—Exercise & Nutrition
  • 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week (2 miles of brisk walking or dancing)
  • Eat the right foods and get plenty of calcium and vitamin D
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages
lifestyle behaviors confident attitude
Downward Cycle of Fear

move slower/ avoid movements

decreased strength and endurance

What YOU CAN do…

improve balance

ask for help or use helpful devices when necessary

stay active

Lifestyle Behaviors—Confident Attitude
lifestyle behaviors mental activity
Lifestyle Behaviors—Mental Activity
  • Focus and distraction
  • Dementia
  • What YOU CAN do:
    • challenging activities such as bridge & chess
    • talk with your health care provider
lifestyle behaviors balance
Lifestyle Behaviors—Balance
  • You need good vision to help stabilize you.
  • Your feet must be able to feel the ground.
  • Exercise and strength training
  • Appropriate footwear
  • Talk to your doctor about medications that make you dizzy.
home fall hazards
Home Fall Hazards
  • Clear walkways of:
    • cords and hoses
    • throw rugs
    • pets
    • clutter
  • Increase lighting
  • Add rails to stairways
  • Need porch railings
  • Clean wet floors
home fall hazards bathroom safety
Home Fall Hazards—Bathroom Safety
  • Grab bars around the tub and toilet
  • Raised toilet seat
  • Shower or tub chair
  • Flexible hose for the shower
  • Non-skid mat in tub
public fall hazards
Public Fall Hazards
  • Curbs
  • No railings near steps
  • Cracks in walkways
  • Uneven walkways
  • Slippery steps
  • Obstacles along paths
assistive devices tools to help you



Special step stools

Portable seat lift

Hip protectors

Assistive Devices—Tools To Help You
taking charge
Taking Charge!
  • Talk to your doctor about…
    • dizziness, especially with regards to medications.
    • chronic diseases such as Arthritis, Diabetes, and Osteoporosis.
    • starting an exercise program.
  • See a Physical Therapist about…
    • improving your balance and strength.
    • walking with assistive devices like canes.
taking charge cont d
Taking Charge! cont’d…
  • See an Occupational Therapist about…
    • home safety.
    • special needs or assistive device use like reachers.
  • See an eye doctor for a yearly eye exam
empower yourself
Empower Yourself!
  • Exercise
  • Stay physically and mentally active
  • Eat well
  • Drink lots of water
  • Do not let fear stop you!