Key documents that set the context
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Key Documents that set the Context. “A Strategy for What?. 1. Disaster Risk Management Policy. Enhanced Comprehensive Disaster Management Framework. IDB. Disaster Risk Management Strategy & Action Plan For the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean. CTO/CHA. CDEMA.

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Key documents that set the context

Key Documents that set the Context

“A Strategy for What?

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

1


Key documents that set the context

Disaster Risk Management

Policy

Enhanced Comprehensive Disaster

Management Framework

IDB

Disaster Risk Management Strategy & Action Plan

For the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean

CTO/CHA

CDEMA

Caribbean Sustainable Tourism

Policy Framework

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Key documents that set the context

“The Strategy Cannot be all things to everyone”

Disaster Risk Management Strategy & Action Plan

For the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean

IDB

Disaster Risk Management

Policy

Enhanced Comprehensive Disaster

Management

Framework

Caribbean Sustainable

Tourism

Policy Framework

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Regional strategy hazards in focus

Regional Strategy Hazards in Focus

Legend: * including those originating outside of the Caribbean region.

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago


Structure of the caribbean tourism sector

Structure of the Caribbean Tourism Sector

“A Strategy for Whom?”

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Tourism sub sectors cto

Tourism Sub-Sectors (CTO)

Accommodation

Food and Beverage

Adventure Tourism

Transportation

Attractions

Travel Trade

Events and Conferences

Tourism Services

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Tourism sub sectors

Tourism Sub-Sectors

1. Accommodation

Within the accommodation sector there are large, medium and small hotels, as well as non-hotel accommodation such as villas, bed and breakfast establishments, and campsites.

2. Food and Beverage

This sub-sector can be viewed either as a support sector or as a major attraction. In the category of food and beverage there are restaurants, coffee shops, dining rooms, fast food outlets, pubs, lounges, nightclubs, cabarets, catering establishments and specialty shops.

3. Adventure Tourism

This category includes air carriers, golf/tennis facilities, parks, fishing facilities, cruise lines, hunting facilities, car rentals, adventure tourism, recreational vehicles, marine facilities and taxis

4.Transportation

CTO identified air carriers, bus and tour companies, cruise lines, car rentals, recreational vehicles, taxis, and gas stations as a part of this sub-sector.


Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Tourism sub sectors1

Tourism Sub-Sectors

5. Attractions

This sub-sector holds the key to raising self-esteem and national pride for every destination. This sub-sector comprises museums, galleries, heritage/historical sites and parks, gardens, amusement/recreation parks, interpretive centres and native/cultural/industrial/eco-tourism.

6. Travel Trade

This includes travel agencies, tour wholesalers, tour operators and tour guides.

7. Events and Conferences


Included in this sub-sector are special events/carnival/cricket, meetings/conferences/conventions, festivals, trade shows/marketplaces, fairs & exhibitions.

8. Tourism Services


This sub-sector includes Government Tourism Departments, Information Centres, Research Services, Reservation Services, Advertising Agencies, Trade Press, Marketing, Professional Associations, Consultants, Tourism Educators, Tourism Suppliers and Retail Operations.

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Tourism sector dimensions

Tourism Sector Dimensions

International

Regional

National

Local

Individual Tourist Service Outlet

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Tourism sector dimensions1

Tourism Sector Dimensions

CTO, CHA, CDERA, etc.

Regional

Ministries of Tourism, NTO, Associations, etc.

National

Tourism Clusters, Associations, etc.

Local

“Where the rubber hits the road”

Individual Tourist Service Outlets

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Key documents that set the context

Impact of Visitor Expenditure in Selected Caribbean Countries

Source: CTO, 2009

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Some areas of focus

Some Areas of Focus

Integration of response/recovery planning within the sector, host community & national DRM planning context

Emphasis on understanding/assessing risk to the sector integrating hazard, risk & vulnerability information into decision making and planning

Building capacity in the sector for disaster/emergency preparedness/response/recovery planning both through application of training programmes & provision of high-quality guides & models

Consideration of incentive programmes (& financial instruments) for enhancing mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery planning

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Drm cdm considerations

DRM/CDM Considerations

“A Strategy for When?”

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Phases in cdm context

Phases in CDM Context

Terms defined as per ISDR “Living with Risk”

Pre-event:

  • Mitigation (includes prevention)

  • Preparedness

    Post-Event

  • Response

  • Recovery (includes Rehabilitation and Reconstruction)

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Interface of two cultures

Interface of two “Cultures”

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Why a strategy and plan of action

Why a Strategy and Plan of Action?

For Whom?

  • Caribbean tourism sector/sub-sector (regional/national)

    For What?

  • Enhanced resilience of the Tourism Sector to consequences of natural hazard induced events in the region

    • Activities for regional stakeholders for enhanced resilience

    • Activities to promote resilience at the other levels

  • Reducing loss of life, injury (including tourists), damage to property & loss of economic activity (livelihoods) in the Caribbean due to events caused by natural hazards

  • Model & Guide for development of National Strategies

    For When?

  • For all phases of DRM/CDM

  • Iterative

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Overview of the strategy

Overview of the Strategy

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Regional strategy vision goal

Regional StrategyVision & Goal

Vision

A sustainable Caribbean Tourism sector with an enhanced resilience to consequences of regional events caused by natural hazards.

Goal

To build a culture of natural hazard risk reduction within the Caribbean Tourism sector to minimize potential deaths, injuries, loss of property, livelihoods, economic activity and damage to the environment caused by natural hazards through strengthening capacity for mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago


Regional tourism drm strategy

Regional Tourism DRM Strategy

Regional

National

Local

Individual Tourist Service Outlet

  • What can only be done at the Regional level?

  • What should regional stakeholders do?

  • What can be done at the regional level to support other

    levels?

National Tourism DRM Strategy

What needs to be done at the national level?

How to ‘promote’ & ‘facilitate’?

Tourism operators are part of

The Community

Community resilience? Clusters?

What should individual tourism operators do?

Emergency Plans? BCP? Community

Integration?

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Fundamental premises

Fundamental Premises

To be effective, the Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sectors must support and be supported by National DRM Tourism Strategies

To be effective, the Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sectors must rely on the close collaboration of Tourism and Disaster Management ‘Communities’.

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Final regional strategic objectives

Final Regional Strategic Objectives

“For all CDM phases”

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Mitigation

Mitigation

Structural and non-structural measures undertaken to limit the adverse impact of natural hazards, environmental degradation and technological hazards (ISDR)

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Regional strategy regional strategic objectives

Regional StrategyRegional Strategic Objectives

Mitigation

To promote the availability and use of natural hazard risk information in the tourism sector.

To promote adherence to land use planning regulations and building codes in the development of new tourism infrastructure and retrofitting of older infrastructure not built to an approved code.

To foster national consideration of protective structural works to minimize damage from natural hazards to key environmental and other assets.

To promote mitigation, including risk transfer, as economically viable measures in the tourism sector.

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago


Preparedness

Preparedness

Activities and measures taken in advance to ensure effective response to the impact of hazards, including the issuance of timely and effective early warnings and the temporary evacuation of people and property from threatened locations. (ISDR)

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Regional strategy regional strategic objectives1

Regional StrategyRegional Strategic Objectives

Preparedness

To enhance tourism sector contingency planning and capacity building to minimize the loss of life and injury to tourists, tourism sector workers and property damage with an emphasis on tourist accommodation facilities.

To promote individual and family preparedness amongst employees of the tourism sector.

To foster tourism clusters and their integration into their communities’ contingency planning.

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago


Response

Response

The provision of assistance or intervention during or immediately after a disaster to meet the life preservation and basic subsistence needs of those people affected. It can be of an immediate, short-term, or protracted duration. (ISDR)

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Regional strategy regional strategic objectives2

Regional StrategyRegional Strategic Objectives

Response

  • To enhance the development of emergency response/disaster plans (and related capacity to execute plans) in the tourism sector (and other key supporting sectors).

  • To promote the integration of tourism facilities’ response with that of their respective communities (and countries).

  • To promote the integration of tourism sector requirements into preparedness and National Response Plans (NRPs).

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago


Recovery

Recovery

Decisions and actions taken after a disaster with a view to restoring or improving the pre-disaster living conditions of the stricken community, while encouraging and facilitating necessary adjustments to reduce disaster risk. (ISDR)

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago

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Regional strategy regional strategic objectives3

Regional StrategyRegional Strategic Objectives

Recovery

To enhance Business Continuity Planning in the tourism sector.

To promote the establishment of national guidelines for restoration and reconstruction to ensure the immediate re-establishment of tourism economic activities.

Development of a Regional DRM Strategy for the Tourism Sector in the Caribbean Regional Workshop – May 5th, 2009 – Trinidad & Tobago


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