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Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 500. The Fall of the Roman Empire Section 4. The Republic Collapses. What did a serious discontent among the lower classes of society and a breakdown in military order lead to?

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Ancient rome and early christianity 500 b c a d 500 l.jpg

Ancient Rome and EarlyChristianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 500

The Fall of the Roman Empire

Section 4


The republic collapses l.jpg

The Republic Collapses

  • What did a serious discontent among the lower classes of society and a breakdown in military order lead to?

    • The shakeup of the republic—and the emergence of a new political system.


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A Century of Crisis

  • The Empire Declines

  • When did Pax Romana end?

    • A.D. 180 with death of emperor Marcus Aurelius

  • Subsequent emperors unable to govern giant empire

http://www.novaroma.org/images/marcus_aurelius_03.bmp


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A Century of Crisis

  • Rome’s Economy Weakens

    • Hostile tribes outside the empire disrupt trade

    • Inflation - What is Inflation?

      • Drop in value of money and rise in prices which weakens trade

http://digitaleconomy.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/inflation.gif


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A Century of Crisis

  • Overworked soil, What is the result of overworked soil?

    • War-torn farmland leads to food shortages

http://lh6.ggpht.com/_ZQhLPxxmIQ4/SHlBFFyYmEI/AAAAAAAABAQ/O2ADykw_jP8/CIMG0988.JPG


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A Century of Crisis

  • Military and Political Turmoil

  • What was the result of the soldiers being loyal to commanders, not Rome?

    • The commanders fought for the throne

  • Government enlists mercenaries, What is a mercenary?

    • Foreign that are paid to fight


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A Century of Crisis

  • Average citizens lose interest in the affairs of Rome Government enlists mercenaries, What is a mercenary?

    • Foreign that are paid to fight

  • Average citizens lose interest in the affairs of Rome

http://schema-root.org/military/mercenaries/mercenaries.jpg


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Emperors Attempt Reform

  • Diocletian Reforms the Empire

  • How did EmperorDiocletian restore order in A.D. 284?

    • He divides empire in two

http://www.godsplan-today.com/0_Images/Diocletian.jpg


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Emperors Attempt Reform

  • What were the two?

    • Greek-speaking East, Latin-speaking West

  • In A.D. 305 Diocletian retires, rivals compete for power

http://www.indiana.edu/~hisdcl/images/diocletian%27srome.jpg


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Emperors Attempt Reform Emperors Attempt Reform

  • When didConstantine become emperor of the Western Empire?

    • A.D. 312

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://cache.daylife.com/imageserve/0g7I8Gu0by7L2/340x.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.daylife.com/photo/0g7I8Gu0by7L2&h=503&w=340&sz=51&hl=en&start=166&um=1&usg=__0qJlkuzuOen4rNpDngY_inDUeAk=&tbnid=kRHI_pzGn29bVM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=88&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dconstantine%2B%2B%2526%2Bamerican%2Bidol%26start%3D147%26ndsp%3D21%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN

http://www.usask.ca/antiquities/Collection/Constantine_1.JPG


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Emperors Attempt Reform

  • What did Constantine do after he seized the Eastern Empire in A.D. 324?

    • He moved the Roman capital to Byzantium

  • How was Byzantium eventually renamed?

    • Constantinople—city of Constantine


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The Western Empire Crumbles

  • Germanic Invasions

  • Mongol nomads from Asia, the Huns, invade northern borders of empire

  • Germanic tribes flee Huns, enter Roman lands, sack Rome A.D. 410


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The Western Empire Crumbles

  • What did Attila the Hun do?

    • He unites the Huns in A.D. 444; plunders 70 cities in East

    • Attacks Rome in 452; famine and disease prevents victory

Interactive


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The Western Empire Crumbles

  • When did the Last Roman emperor fall to the Germans?

    • In 476

  • What was the result?

    • The end of Western Empire

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/maps/476eur.jpg


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The Western Empire Crumbles

  • How much longer did the East last?

    • Another thousand years (Byzantine Empire)

http://www.geocities.com/athens/oracle/7823/byzantio.gif


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Homework

  • Read Pages 166 – 167, 177, 180 & 182

  • Question 2 Page 167

  • Question 2 Page 180

  • Question 1 Page 182


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