Second Language Acquisition . Lec s . 4 & 5. Linguistics, Psychological Theories, & SLA . Second language acquisition (SAL) Second language acquisition research focuses on the developing knowledge and use of a language by children & adults who know at least one language.
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Second Language Acquisition
Lecs. 4 & 5
L2 may be learned in
Conscious process of studying it
SLA is a process of imitation & reinforcement
The acquisition of L2 is essentially a task of overcoming the L1 habits & learning (in their place) the habits of the L2. Only the different elements between L1 & L2 are to be learned.
I’m going to home
In my way to home
This is the house I live in it
Openthe light & close the light
To drive a plane
Performance A (pattern) + Performance B (tense) = Fluent Performance
(generalization, transfer, exposure to the L2 in communication situations)
INPUT OPERATION OF INTERNAL PROCESSING STRATEGEIS / (not the learner’s attempts to produce the language)
SLA takes place internally via HEARING & READING not SPEAKING & WRITING
The processing of language input provided by explicit teaching of grammatical rules
It is knowing the rules; having a conscious knowledge about grammar