Scottish fisheries management
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Scottish Fisheries Management. Investigation into Structures for the Management of Freshwater Fisheries in Scotland. Dr Keith Hendry. Introduction. Current Structure DSFBs manage own catchments DSFBs decision makers within remit of law DSFBs implement management action

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Scottish fisheries management

Scottish Fisheries Management

Investigation into Structures for the Management of Freshwater Fisheries in Scotland

Dr Keith Hendry


Introduction

Introduction

Current Structure

  • DSFBs manage own catchments

  • DSFBs decision makers within remit of law

  • DSFBs implement management action

  • Aided by recent development of Trusts

  • Salmon & Sea Trout only species covered in law


Objectives

Objectives

  • Investigate potential new structures for the management of freshwater fisheries in Scotland

  • Canvas opinion of those involved

  • Questionnaire based interview of 20 organisations representing a variety of public & private fishery related bodies and user groups


Current scottish system positive aspects

Current Scottish System: Positive Aspects


Current scottish system negative aspects

Current Scottish System: Negative Aspects


Scottish fisheries management

Review of Current Scottish System

  • Do you agree with the need for a fundamental review of fisheries management in Scotland?


Scottish fisheries management

Review of Current Scottish System

  • Is a unitary body (or group of bodies) with responsibility for managing all freshwater fisheries the way forward?


Areas of agreement 1

Areas of Agreement 1.

  • Change needed

  • Retain good aspects of current system

  • Legislation - all freshwater fish in all waters

  • Public funding essential in partnership

  • Accountability & audit for public funds

  • Resolve fragmentation & geographic scale?


Geographic scale

Geographic scale

Regions

Catchments

In addition, one respondent said local need should dictate scale


Areas of agreement 2

Areas of Agreement 2.

  • Catchment / local management & decision making favoured

    BUT

  • Number of organisations needs to be reduced and co-ordination improved


Areas of agreement 3 fragmentation geography

Areas of Agreement 3.Fragmentation & Geography

  • Majority < 25 ‘Boards’

    BUT

  • 10 most popular choice

  • 10 Regions identified by SEPA for WFD


Management principles

Management Principles

  • Management & Regulation – Keep Separate

  • National or Local Management?

  • Federal Model overwhelming support

  • Locally delivered decision making & management within National Framework

  • Public & private sector partnerships

  • Principle of Public/Private interaction

    Co-Management


Scottish fisheries management

User group based management

Scottish DSFB System

Decentralised

Government basedmanagement

English Environment Agency

Centralised

Public/Private Co-Management

Public Sector Influence

Private Sector Influence


Scottish fisheries management

Decentralised

Centralised

Public/Private Co-Management

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Scottish fisheries management

Government bodies are the decision makers. Limited information exchange with user groups, they are informed of decisions made.

Public/Private Co-Management

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Scottish fisheries management

User groups are the decision makers. The government remains fully informed.

User groups have an advisory role and their decisions gain endorsement from the government.

Equal input of government and user groups to decision making. Often combination of public and private bodies act upon these decisions.

Government make decisions but there is frequent consultation between government and user groups.

Government bodies are the decision makers. Limited information exchange with user groups, they are informed of decisions made.

Public/Private Co-Management

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Scottish fisheries management

Common Features 1.

Proposed Unitary Fisheries Body(s) Functions?

  • Collect Data

    • Fish, fisheries & their habitats

  • Collate, Analyse & Supply Information

    • Status of all fish species, fisheries & habitats

  • Undertake Fisheries Management

    • Exploitation, stocking, predators, habitat

  • Undertake Research

    • Local & management orientated

  • Raise Finance


Common features 2 national umbrella body

Common Features 2.National ‘Umbrella Body’

National Freshwater Fisheries Authority

  • Central ‘Hub’ to oversee management

  • High level liaison with SEPA, SNH & Govt

  • Develop Guidelines for management

    • Based on policy & legislation

    • Formalise monitoring & reporting standards

  • Fisheries Action Plans (FAPs) all rivers

  • Audit FAPs & allocate funds accordingly


Common features 3 fisheries action plans

Common Features 3.Fisheries Action Plans

  • Statutory requirement for All Rivers

  • Cover all fish species & their habitats

  • Functions

    • Assess status of all fish species & habitats

    • Define management actions

    • Report on progress

  • Audit on 6 year cycle

    • Performance linked to future (public) funding


Common features 4 role of fisheries trusts

Common Features 4.Role of Fisheries Trusts

  • Not included in new structure but should be maintained where there is need

  • Local involvement & Independent Voice

  • Charitable status & Funding

  • Role in Habitat Restoration

  • Role in Education

  • Contribute to management actions locally


Common features 5 potential funding sources

Common Features 5.Potential Funding Sources

Private

  • Fishery Assessment or “Levy”

  • Permit /day ticket tax

  • Service charge or “Sporting Rate”

    Public

  • Grant in Aid (GIA from SEPA & SNH)

    Individual

  • Rod Licence (e.g. £24 trout & coarse fish, £64 salmon)

  • Tagging System


Proposed structures

Proposed Structures

  • 4 Possible Management Models Proposed

    • Based on Co-management Continuum

    • Different levels of Public/Private interaction

  • Range from Public sector dominated to Private sector dominated.


Proposed structures 1 regional fisheries agency

Proposed Structures1. Regional Fisheries Agency

  • New Public Body (centralised structure)

  • DSFBs disbanded (new legislation)

  • 10 Regional Fisheries Agencies operating under guidance from NFFA

  • Funding primarily from public sector

    • GIA

    • Rod Licence

    • Fisheries Assessment maintained in some form

  • Advisory committees without executive power


Scottish fisheries management

Model 1: Regional Fisheries Agency –

Public (centralised) with Advisory Committee

NFFA

Trusts

SEERAD

FRS

SNH

SEPA

 1

  • DSFB Disbanded

  • New Legislation

  • Publicly Funded

  • RFAs undertake Management & Enforcement

Regional Fisheries Agency

Officers

(executive decisions)

 10

Advisory Committee (non executive)


Scottish fisheries management

Model 1: Regional Fisheries Agency –

Public (centralised) with Advisory Committee

Decentralised

1. Fisheries Agency

Centralised

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Scottish fisheries management

Proposed Structures2. Regional Fisheries Boards

  • DSFB Retained

    • Remit extended to cover all species

  • DSFB encouraged to merge (multi-catchment)

  • 10 Regional Offices (Autonomous)

  • Operating under guidance from NFFA (FAPs)

  • Additional funding from public sector

    • GIA

    • Rod Licence

    • Fisheries Assessment maintained

  • Privately managed but publicly accountable


Scottish fisheries management

Model 2: Regional Fisheries Boards

Decentralised with Executive Committee

NFFA

DSFB

DSFB

DSFB

DSFB

Trusts

SEERAD

FRS

SNH

SEPA

 1

  • DSFB Maintained

  • Legislation Modified

  • Wider Committee representation

Regional Fisheries Board

Executive Committee

(locally elected with exec. power)

 10

 1-6 ?


Scottish fisheries management

Model 2 Regional Fisheries Boards Decentralised Structure

Decentralised

2. Regional Fisheries Boards

1. Fisheries Agency

Centralised

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Proposed structures 3 regional fisheries councils

Proposed Structures 3. Regional Fisheries Councils

  • DSFBs retained but with modified powers

    • Responsibilities for enforcement

  • New equivalent public ‘mirror’ body

    • Responsibilities for management & reporting

  • 10 Regions each with local committee

    • Wider representation than present (public/private)

    • Executive Power


Proposed structures 3 cont regional fisheries councils

Proposed Structures 3 (cont). Regional Fisheries Councils

  • 10 Regional Offices operate under guidance from NFFA (FAPs)

  • Funding from public & private sector

    • GIA

    • Rod Licence

    • Fisheries Assessment maintained

  • Management combines public & private sector involvement


Scottish fisheries management

Model 3: Regional Fisheries Council

decentralised with Executive Committee

NFFA

DSFB

Trusts

SEERAD

FRS

SNH

SEPA

 1

  • DSFB Maintained

  • Legislation modified

  • Wider Committee representation

  • Public/Private partnership

Regional Fisheries Council

Executive Committee

(locally elected with exec. power)

 10

Management

Enforcement

Officers

(Public Sector)

 1-6 ?


Scottish fisheries management

Model 3: Regional Fisheries Council

Decentralised with Executive Committee

Decentralised

3. Fisheries Council

1. Fisheries Agency

2. Regional Fisheries Boards

Centralised

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Proposed structures 4 regional fisheries service

Proposed Structures4. Regional Fisheries Service

  • DSFBs Disbanded (New legislation)

  • 10 Regions each with local committee

    • Wider representation (public/private)

    • Executive Power

  • 10 Regions operate under guidance from NFFA

  • Funding from public & private sector

    • GIA, Rod Licence,

    • Fisheries Assessment maintained

  • Management combines public & private sector involvement


Scottish fisheries management

Model 4: Regional Fisheries Service

Centralised with Executive Committee

NFFA

Trusts

SEERAD

FRS

SNH

SEPA

 1

Regional Fisheries Service

  • DSB Disbanded

  • New Legislation

  • Wider Committee representation

Executive Committee (locally elected with executive power)

 10

Officers instructed by Exec. Comm.


Scottish fisheries management

Model 2: Regional Fisheries Service

Centralised with Executive Committee

Decentralised

4. Fisheries Service

1. Fisheries Agency

2. Regional Fisheries Boards

3. Fisheries Council

Centralised

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Scottish fisheries management

Decentralised

Agency

Service

Council

Boards

Centralised

Favoured Regional Structures

Instructive

Consultative

Cooperative

Advisory

Informative


Scottish fisheries management

Recommended structure

Suggest two models for consideration;

Model 3: Regional Fisheries Council

Decentralised with Executive Committee

Model 4: Regional Fisheries Service

Centralised with Executive Committee


Positive aspects retained

Partial

Positive Aspects Retained


Negative aspects addressed

Negative Aspects Addressed


Funding

Funding

  • Anglers contribute £113M to Scotland

  • Very little public sector support!

    Potential Public Sources

  • Rod licence - £4.0 M (resident & visitors)

  • Grant in Aid - £3.5M matched funding

    • £20M if given parity with SEPA & SNH

      Potential Private Sources

  • Fishery Assessment (“Levy”) - £3.5M

    Combining public, individual & private £s

  • Total Annual Income £11M


Staffing

Staffing

  • £11M Available

  • Public sector average employment cost of £50K p.a. (oncosts, overheads, offices etc)

  • 220 Staff in Total

  • 20 Staff in NFFA (Hub)

    • Administration, finance, fisheries specialists

  • 20 Staff in each Regional Office

    • Fisheries monitoring & management, enforcement, administration

  • Staffing to be locally determined by each Regions needs


Summarise

Summarise

  • Maintain private sector and voluntary sector vigour & enthusiasm

  • Executive decision making powers vital & should be retained

  • However, broader representation & accountability are essential

  • Local management (FAPs – Funding)


Where next

Where Next?

  • Feedback

  • Refine models

  • Further investigate finance

    • GIA, rod licence, tagging schemes

  • Make recommendations to the Minister


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