Lithuanian experience in alcohol control policy development
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Lithuanian experience in alcohol control policy development. Aurelijus Veryga , MD, PhD, Assoc. prof . Expert of the Parliament Committee of Health of the Republic of Lithuania. 4 th EUROPEAN ALCOHOL POLICY CONFERENCE, BRUSSELS 21-22 JUNE, 2010. Alcohol policy.

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Lithuanian experience in alcohol control policy development

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Lithuanian experience in alcohol control policy development

Lithuanian experience in alcohol control policy development

AurelijusVeryga, MD, PhD, Assoc. prof.

Expert of the Parliament Committee of Health

of theRepublic of Lithuania

4th EUROPEAN ALCOHOL POLICY CONFERENCE, BRUSSELS 21-22 JUNE, 2010


Alcohol policy

Alcohol policy

  • Official alcohol control policy started in year 1996 after introduction of Alcohol Control Law.

  • At that time alcohol production was owned by state

  • Alcohol selling time was restricted

  • There was almost no alcohol advertisement


Policy development 1996 2007

Policy development 1996 -2007

  • Alcohol production companies were sold to private business;

  • Alcohol advertisement was allowed and restricted only in content, beer advertisement was associated with most popular sport in the country – basketball;

  • Alcohol sale was allowed 24 hours;

  • There was allowed to sell alcohol in fuel stations, sanatoriums, living houses;

  • Tax reductions for cider and small brewers were introduced;

  • Excise tax for spirits was reduced by 40% in 1999;

  • In 2004 after joining EU import tax disappeared;

  • This happened in the context of more than 20% of income grow every year until 2007;

  • There were 16 5000 licenses to sell alcohol given to the business.


Lithuanian experience in alcohol control policy development

Percentage of 11-15 years old children reported has been drunk 2 or more times in a life, year 1998

Boys

Girls

HBSC, 2006


Lithuanian experience in alcohol control policy development

Percentage of 11-15 years old children reported has been drunk 2 or more times in a life, year 2006

Boys

Girls

HBSC, 2006


9 14 old children alcohol intoxications hospital cases with diagnostic code t 51

9-14 old children alcohol intoxications (hospital cases with diagnostic code T-51)

17,3 times increase

in 6 years


Per capita consumption of pure alcohol in liters according to legal sales

Per capita consumption of pure alcohol in liters(according to legal sales)

According to number of alcohol

psychosis the real consumption was 20 l

Real sittuation

Has been planed according to

Lithuanian Health Program


Policy development 2007 2009

Policy development 2007 - 2009

  • Year 2008 was announced as “Year of sobriety” by the Lithuanian Parliament

  • Some financial recourses were allocated to informational campaigns

  • Alcohol advertisement was banned during day time (from 6 AM till 11 PM) in TV and radio

  • Excise tax was raised for alcohol and tax reductions for small brewers and cider disappeared

  • Alcohol selling time was reduced and it was forbidden to sell alcohol from 8 AM till 10 PM

  • Public discussions about alcohol problems started

  • Public organizations became active in alcohol control area, coalition of 25 NGO’s started active policy work

  • Fines for drunk drivers were increased, confiscation of cars was introduced (about 800 cars are confiscated each year), removal of the driving license introduced

  • Increased excise taxes come in to the place together with economical crisis and rapid decrease in people income


Alcohol related problems dynamic cases per 100 000 population

Alcohol related problems dynamic (cases per 100 000 population)

27 % decrease in 2 years

31% decrease in 2 years


Dynamic of alcohol related problems in the year 2009

Dynamic of alcohol related problems (in the year 2009)

  • 456 people less died (30% decrease) from alcohol related causes

  • 1,8 times decrease of alcoholic cardiomiopathy

  • 7,5% decrease of social risk families with drinking problems

  • 41% decrease of drunk drivers caused road accidents


Major problems unsolved

Major problems unsolved

  • Illegal production and illegal sale of alcohol

  • Uncontrolled sales to minors

  • Ban of alcohol advertisement in 2012

  • Ban of alcohol sales in kiosks in 2012

New regulations coming to place


New pro alcohol proposals

New pro alcohol proposals

  • To extend alcohol selling hours

  • To legalize home made spirit production

  • To close State Tobacco and Alcohol Control Agency


New alcohol control proposals

New alcohol control proposals

  • To allow alcohol sales only in specialized shops or units

  • To increase legal age to 21

  • New regulation for packaging and labeling


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