Review For End of 1 st Semester Final. World Geography. Europe’s Five Peninsulas. Scandinavian - Located in the northernmost part of Europe, includes the countries of Norway, Sweden and Finland Jutland - Located in northern Europe, i ncludes and separates the countries of Denmark and Germany
Scandinavian- Located in the northernmost part of Europe, includes the countries of Norway, Sweden and Finland
Jutland- Located in northern Europe, includes and separates the countries of Denmark and Germany
Iberian- Located in southeastern Europe, includes the countries of Portugal and Spain
Italian- Located in southern Europe, includes the country of Italy
Balkan- The Balkan Peninsula is a large piece of land in southeastern Europe. It is divided into many countries, including Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, and the European part of Turkey
Thames-Flows through southern England. It is the longest river in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom. Best known for flowing through London
Danube- A river in Central Europe, the continent’s second longest after the Volga. Originates in the town of Donaueschingen which is in the Black Forest of Germany. The river passes through or touches the borders of ten countries: Romania, Hungary, Serbia, Austria, Germany, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Ukraine, and Moldova.
Rhine- Flows eastern from the Swiss Alps to the North Sea coast in the Netherlands and is the twelfth longest river in Europe. The Rhine and the Danube formed most of the northern inland frontier of the Roman Empire and, since those days, the Rhine has been a vital and navigable waterway carrying trade and goods deep inland. It has also served as a defensive feature and has been the basis for regional and international borders.
Gibraltar-Spain and Morocco
Bosporus & Dardanelles-Turkey
A strait is a narrow, typically navigable channel of water that connects two larger, navigable bodies of water. It most commonly refers to a channel of water that lies between two land masses, but it may also refer to a navigable channel through a body of water that is otherwise not navigable, for example because it is too shallow, or because it contains an unnavigable reef or archipelago.
A religion and philosophyencompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha (meaning "the awakened one".
The Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent some time between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.
He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help alert beings end suffering through eliminating ignorance and eliminating craving, thus attaining the highest happiness, nirvāņa.
Eight-fold path: giving up selfish human desires
A monotheistic and religionbased on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in the New Testamentwritings. It also considers the Hebrew Bible, which is known as the Old Testament. Adherents (those who practice the religion) of the Christian faith are known as Christians.
The mainstream Christian belief is that Jesus is the Son of God, fully divine and fully human and the savior of humanity. Because of this, Christians commonly refer to Jesus as Christ or Messiah. Jesus' ministry, sacrificial death, and subsequent resurrection are often referred to as the Gospel, meaning "Good News". The Gospel is news of God the Father's eternal victory over evil, and the promise of salvation and eternal life for all people, through divine grace.
Three largest sects of Christianity is Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox and Protestantism.
A monotheistic and religion expressed by the Qur'an, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله Allāh) and by the teachings and examples of Muhammad, considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim.
Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Most Muslims are of two denominations, Sunni or Shia.
5 Pillars of Faith- Testimony, Prayer, Alms, Fasting and Pilgrimage
Hinduism is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. It is the predominant spiritual followingof the Indian subcontinent, and one of its indigenous faiths.
Hinduism, with about one billion followers, is the world's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam.
Teaches its disciples that the principles of life can be discovered through meditation.
There is no holy book, but writings like the Upanishads and the Bhagavad-Gita provide guidance and inspiration.
Beliefs- Karma, reincarnation, sacred Ganges river
A monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab region, by Guru Nanak. This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as the Gurmat (literally 'wisdom of the Gurū'). Punjab, India is the only region in the world with a majority Sikh population.
Sikhi advocates the pursuit of salvation through the practice of meditation on the name and message of God. The followers of Sikhi are ordained to follow the teachings of the ten Sikh gurus, or enlightened leaders, as well as the holy scripture entitled the GurūGranthSāhibJi.
Adherents of Sikhī are known as Sikhs (students or disciples) and number over 30 million across the world.
Sikh men do not cut hair, which is worn in turbans; also have long beards
The religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish people.
A monotheistic religion originating in the Hebrew Bible(Torah). Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship God established with the Children of Israel.
Judaism claims a historical continuity spanning more than 3,000 years. Of the major world religions, Judaism is considered one of the oldest monotheistic religions.
* Every country in Europe has its own language- Most of the languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. This family is divided into a number of branches, including Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, Celtic and Greek.
* Northern European Plain- Breadbasket of Europe; agriculture
Indigenous people died of many new diseases
Tensions between cultures
Labor will be deemed as very low since technologies will be much more utilized.
There is a threat in the business outsourcing industry, one of the highest grossing industries today.
The so called brain drain might continue because skilled people will be generally recruited all over the world to serve the ordering power
Triangular Beehive Rectangular
While all countries' population pyramids differ, four general types have been identified by the fertility and mortality rates of a country.
Stable pyramid- A population pyramid showing an unchanging pattern of fertility and mortality.
Stationary pyramid- A population pyramid typical of countries with low fertility and low mortality, very similar to a constrictive pyramid.
Expansive pyramid- A population pyramid that is very wide at the base, indicating high birth and death rates.
Constrictive pyramid- A population pyramid that comes in at the bottom. The population is generally older on average, as the country has long life expectancy, a low death rate, but also a low birth rate. This pyramid is becoming more common, especially when immigrants are factored out, and is a typical pattern for a very developed country, a high level of education, easy access to and incentive to use birth control, good health care, and few negative environmental factors.