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New grammar topic: comparisons & superlatives. Ich bin klein . Ich bin kleiner als Ian Thorpe. Ich bin alt. Ich bin älter als Joe. Das ist Bob. Bob ist schnell . Bob (schnell). Bob (schnell). John (schneller). John ist schneller . Fritz ist am schnellsten .

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new grammar topic comparisons superlatives
New grammar topic: comparisons & superlatives

Ich bin klein. Ich bin kleineralsIan Thorpe.

Ich bin alt. Ich bin älterals Joe.

Das ist Bob.

Bob istschnell.

Bob (schnell)

Bob (schnell)

John (schneller)

John istschneller .

Fritz ist am schnellsten.

Fritz (am schnellsten)

John (schneller)

rules for comparisons
Rules for comparisons:
  • add „-er” to the end of each adjective

 schneller, kleiner, moderneru.s.w.

  • for almost every 1-syllable adjective, add an umlaut to the first vowel

 älter, größer, kürzer, jünger, längeru.s.w.

superlatives
Superlatives

A superlative is the term used to describe an adjective in its most extreme form:

the fastest am schnellsten

the oldest am ältesten

the smallest am kleinsten

the biggest am größten

rules for superlatives
Rules for superlatives:
  • add „-sten” to the end of each adjective

 am schnellsten, am kleinsten, am billigstenu.s.w.

  • however, if an adjective ends in: –s, –ß, –ss, –x, –z, –sch, –d, –t ; add „-esten”

 am intelligentesten, am ältesten, am kältestenu.s.w.

Note: groß is an exception  größer, am größten

copy into your books
Copy into your books:

old alt älter am ältesten

young jungjünger am jüngsten

clever klugklüger am klügsten

sick krankkränker am kränksten

hot heißheißer am heißesten

cold kaltkälter am kältesten

sunny sonnigsonniger am sonnigsten

good gut besser am besten

comparing things
Comparing things:

 use the word „als” for „ than”

Frank istgrößerals James.

Karl ist doofer als Steffi.

Berlin istkälterals Hamburg.

Bonn istwärmerals Wien.

Now, in your books write 5 – 10 sentences comparing people or things. Be creative!

slide8

worksheet:

using comparisons & superlatives

useful websites
Useful websites:

You will find these links on the “Comparisons & Superlatives” page of our Wikispaceto use for practise at home:

Good explanations & lots of examples:

http://courseware.nus.edu.sg/e-daf/cwm/la2201gr/komparation/komfor.htm

http://www.mckinnonsc.vic.edu.au/la/lote/german/materials/grammar/adjsteigerung.htm

http://www.dartmouth.edu/~german/Grammatik/Comparatives/Comparatives.html

Online games!

http://www.mckinnonsc.vic.edu.au/la/lote/german/materials/grammar/gramquiz/adjsteigerung-cl.htm

http://www.learngermaneasy.net/testy/fill-in-the-gaps-i/grammar---german-comparative-and-superlative-306/ (For this game you have to copy and paste the special symbols in for umlauts – have a word document open when you are playing! Good luck!)

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