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CHEM 395 Bioanalytical Chemistry Instructor Prof. James F. Rusling Presenter Ashwin Bhirde PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CarbonNanotube BIOSENSOR. CHEM 395 Bioanalytical Chemistry Instructor Prof. James F. Rusling Presenter Ashwin Bhirde. CarbonNanotube BIOSENSOR. Carbon Nanotubes… a brief introduction Types of CNTs Applications of CNTs Biosensors SWCNT biosensors Summary References.

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CHEM 395 Bioanalytical Chemistry Instructor Prof. James F. Rusling Presenter Ashwin Bhirde

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Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

CarbonNanotube BIOSENSOR

CHEM 395

Bioanalytical Chemistry

InstructorProf. James F. Rusling

Presenter

Ashwin Bhirde


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

CarbonNanotube BIOSENSOR

  • Carbon Nanotubes… a brief introduction

  • Types of CNTs

  • Applications of CNTs

  • Biosensors

  • SWCNT biosensors

  • Summary

  • References


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

What are carbon nanotubes?

Carbon nanotubes are carbon cylinders made up of one or more rolled up graphene sheets, closed off at either end by half spheres in the shape of a soccer ball.


Salient features of cnts

  • 100 times stronger than Steel and 1/6th the weight of steel.(Tensile strength value, 63 GPa, exceeds that of any reported value for any type of material. Applications for very light-weight, high-strength cables and composites, where the carbon nanotubes are the load-carrying element.)

  • Electrical conductivity as high as copper, thermal conductivity as high as diamond.

  • Avgerage diameter of 1.2 – 1.4 nm (10000 times smaller than a human hair).

Salient features of CNTs


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Types of Carbon nanotubes

Depending on the way the graphene sheet is rolled up


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Synthesis of CarbonNanotubes

  • Arc Discharge

  • Laser Ablation

  • Chemical Vapor Deposition

Purification of CarbonNanotubes

  • Acid treatment

  • SEC

  • Annealing


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Applications of CarbonNanotubes

  • Nanotubes can be opened and filled with materials such as biological molecules, raising the possibility of applications in biotechnology, like TDD.


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Application of CNTs in the FET devices


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

BIOSENSOR

A biosensor is a bioanalytical device consisting of 2 components a bioreceptor and a transducer. The bioreceptor is a biomolecule that recognizes the target analyte whereas the transducer converts the recognition event into a measurable signal.


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

BIOSENSOR

  • Selecting the suitable bioreceptor.

  • Type of immobilization.

  • Appropriate transducer element.

  • Electrical contacting of redox enzymes with electrodes.


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Functionalization of SWCNT

  • SWCNTs are oxidised, which develop carboxylic ends.

  • The carboxylic ends so formed are used for further functionalization with various biomolecules .

  • Using carbodimiide coupling chemistry amine groups of biomolecules ( like DNA,Protiens,Enzymes.. ) can be coupled to the carboxylic moities of the CNTs .


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Functionalization of SWCNT


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

SWCNT Glucose Biosensor


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Comparative Faradic Responses

Faradic response of a GC macroelectrode before and after modification with SWCNTs.


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

SWCNT enzyme coated at the sidewalls

SWCNT enzyme coated at the endcaps


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

Summary

  • Carbon nanotubes are rolled up graphene sheets .

  • Biosensors are bioanalytical devices consisting of a bioreceptor and a transducer.

  • CNT plays dual role in a biosensor both as immobilization matrices and as electron mediator.

  • The high conductivity and high surface-area of CNTs make them a better material for bionanoelectroanalytical devices.


Chem 395 bioanalytical chemistry instructor prof james f rusling presenter ashwin bhirde

References

  • “Biomolecule-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes: Applications in Nanobioelectronics”, Eugenii Katz and Itamar Willner .

  • “Chemical and Biochemical Sensing with modified Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes”, Jason J Davis, Karl S. Coleman, Bobak R. Azamian, Claire B. Bagshaw and Malcolm L. Green.

  • “Functionalization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes”, Andreas Hirsch.

  • "Peroxidase activity of enzymes bound to the ends of single-wall carbon nanotube forest electrodes“Xin Yu, Debjit Chattopadhyay, Izabela Galeska, Fotis Papadimitrakopoulos, and James F. Rusling .

  • “Mediated amperometric immunosensing using single Walled carbon nanotube forests” Ma´ire O’Connor, Sang Nyon Kim, Anthony J. Killard, Robert J. Forster,Malcolm R. Smyth, Fotios Papadimitrakopoulos and James F. Rusling.


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