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ABORTION. The Ethical Controversy of the Twenty First Century. Abortion. Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy It is a very safe procedure when performed by a professional The earlier an abortion is performed, the fewer the risks In 2005, 96 815 induced abortions were recorded in Canada

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The Ethical Controversy of the Twenty First Century


  • Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy

  • It is a very safe procedure when performed by a professional

  • The earlier an abortion is performed, the fewer the risks

  • In 2005, 96 815 induced abortions were recorded in Canada

  • Generally, there has been a decrease in induced abortions over the past five years

Types of abortion
Types of Abortion

  • Spontaneous Abortion

    • Also known as a miscarriage

    • 25% of pregnancies end in a miscarriage

  • Medical Abortion

    • Uses two type of medication to end pregnancy

    • One pill stops progesterone while the other empties uterus

  • Surgical Abortion

    • Removal of the contents in the uterus

  • Late Term Abortion

    • Medication causes uterus to contract and expel fetus

    • Partial Birth: Fetus is pulled out by the feet and abortionist collapses the skull to remove from uterus

  • http://www.prolifelouisiana.org/uploads/images/ru486.jpg

    Technological advancement
    Technological Advancement

    • Technology allows fetuses and embryos to be screened for genetic abnormalities

    • Amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)

      • Using fluid that surrounds the uterus or a sample of the placenta

      • Can check for genetic abnormalities in the fetus and in some countries, offered the choice of an abortion for severe abnormalities

  • Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)

    • Screens embryos for abnormalities before being re-implanted into the uterus

    • Allows parents to choose or ‘design’ their future children

  • Pro life vs pro choice
    Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice



    Against abortion

    Aims to stop abortion altogether

    Unwanted pregnancies should go to adoption

    Unborn child should have equal rights

    For abortion

    Aims to reduce number of abortions needed through more contraception use

    Cannot take away woman’s right to choose

    Human rights
    Human Rights



    Human life begins at conception and should have human rights

    Unborn child should have full legal rights to protect it

    Human life begins when the child is born

    Government laws interfering with women’s rights to their own body violates privacy rights


    Genetic screening
    Genetic Screening



    A ‘defective’ fetus deserves just as much right to live

    Discriminates against those who are disabled

    Allows for healthier children

    Less complications with a healthier child


    Partial birth abortion
    Partial Birth Abortion



    Like any other type of abortion, it is immoral

    Risks increase with a late term pregnancy

    Fetus is conscious during this stage and can feel pain

    Stage of fetus should not matter

    Woman’s health could be endangered if partial birth abortion does not take place


    Future of abortions
    Future of Abortions

    • As technology increases, the easier and safer abortions will be

    • This will lead to more arguments over the topic of abortion

    • The controversy of abortions will continue and a common ground will not be reached between those who are Pro-Life and those who are Pro-Choice


    Arthur, J. (2000, August 24). The Pro-Choice Action Network. Retrieved November 14, 2008, from http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/articles/realchoice.shtml

    Cavanagh, D. (2001). Abortion. In Encyclopedia Americana (Vol. 1, pp. 43-45). Connecticut: Grolier Incorporated.

    Ending Your Pregnancy. (2006, July). Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/articles/846.printerview.html

    Induced Abortion. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2008, from http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_education/bp043.cfm

    Induced Abortion Statistics. (2008, May 21). Retrieved November 23, 2008, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/bsolc/olc-cel/olc-cel?lang=eng&catno=82-223-X

    Lassieur, A. (2001). Abortion. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc.

    Mifeprex (mifepristone) Information. (2007, August 29). Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://www.fda.gov/cder/drug/infopage/mifepristone/

    Pro-Life Answers to Pro-Choice Questions. (n.d.). Retrieved November 16, 2008, from http://righttolifetoronto.org/index.php?id=113

    Torr, J. D. (2006). Abortion. New York: Greenhaven Press.

    Watkins, C. (2005). The Ethics of Abortion. New York: Greenhaven Press.