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磁浮列車 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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磁浮列車. 李榮彬. 磁浮列車浮起的原理. 磁浮列車是一種靠磁懸浮力(即磁的吸力和排斥力)來推動的列車 由於其軌道的磁力使之懸浮在空中,行走時不需接觸地面,因此其阻力只有空氣的阻力 磁浮列車運用電磁力來代替傳統鐵路中的支承、牽引和導向等功能. 永久磁鐵或電磁鐵異極會相吸,同極卻有極強的排斥力,磁浮列車能浮起來就是利用這個原理。而車體的重量並不輕,若要靠磁鐵相吸及相斥的力量將它浮起來,車上及軌道上的磁力就必須要很強。因此搭配使用電磁鐵和永久磁鐵,除了可增強磁性之外還可以節省一部分的電力。. 所謂電磁鐵,就是一個金屬線圈,當電流流經線圈時,能產生磁力吸引鋼板,因而車輛被向上抬舉。

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磁浮列車

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  • 505060550


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  • 19221934

  • 1970


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  • 2000

  • Transrapid20012002

  • 2003

  • 580


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  • 2005

    06

    400

  • 2005CM1500

  • 2006


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  • JRJR-MaglevJRJR

  • JR-Maglev MLX011970

  • 2003122581km/h361 mph


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  • 1971 Prinzipfahrzeug 90 km/h

  • 1971 TR02TSST 164 km/h

  • 1972 ML100 60 km/h

  • 1973 TR04 250 km/h

  • 1974 EET01 230 km/h

  • 1975 Komet 401.3 km/h

  • 1978 HSST01 307.8 km/h

  • 1978 HSST02 110 km/h

  • 19791212 ML500R 504 km/h 500 km/h

  • 19791221 ML500R 517 km/h


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  • 1987 TR06 406 km/h

  • 1987 MLU001 400. km/h

  • 1988 TR06 412.6 km/h

  • 1989 TR07 436 km/h

  • 1993 TR07 450 km/h

  • 1994 MLU002N 431 km/h

  • 1997 MLX01 531 km/h

  • 1997 MLX01 550 km/h

  • 1999 MLX01 548 km/h

  • 1999 MLX01 552 km/h /5

  • 2003 MLX01 581 km/h /3


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  • 16

  • 801.6

  • 1989819917

  • 19841995600


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  • 19701980


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  • N


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  • 20013200220031429.863431720


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2001

30

2003


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  • 2010


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1999808

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08

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  • 78.83.74.2

  • 53/48/15/

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2003 MLX01581


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  • 90


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3M

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2

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