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Bedouin nomads were kin-based clans led by a clan / tribal chief. Umayyad Palace / Mosque in Damascus incorporated the arches and domes of Roman architecture. Fancy, but no where near as luxurious as Abbasid palaces. Pre-Islamic Polytheistic Shrine.

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Bedouin nomads were kin-based clans led by a clan / tribal chief.

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Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Bedouin nomads were kin-based clans led by a clan / tribal chief.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Umayyad Palace / Mosque in Damascus incorporated the arches and domes of Roman architecture. Fancy, but no where near as luxurious as Abbasid palaces.


Pre islamic polytheistic shrine

Pre-Islamic Polytheistic Shrine

Believed to be the site Abrahams sacrifice, this shrine in Mecca became the neutral pilgrimage site for all the pre-Islamic gods. Muhammad smashed the idols to these gods and today this shrine is the destination of the hajj the pilgrimage to Mecca.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

At Samarra, the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil built a great mosque in 847 AD. The minaret of the was built out of baked bricks. A minaret is where the muezzin makes the call to prayer.


Bedouin women accompanied their husbands and had an active participation in tribal life

Bedouin women accompanied their husbands and had an active participation in tribal life.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The bureaucracy during the Abbasid Caliphate was directed by the wazir (Arabic for vizier). These administrators often used their power for personal gain and kept the caliphs isolated from the people.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

In 732 C.E. Charles (the Hammer) Martel stopped the Muslim expansion into Europe at the Battle of Poitiers in central France. The Muslims returned to Spain (al-Andulus) until their eventual defeat at Granada in 1492.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Greek theatre in Damascus


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The Bedouins were extremely defensive about the use of their watering sources.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Technological Innovations during the Abbasid Caliphate reflected new thinking as well as their additions to the ideas of other civilizations.


The harem and veil of the abbasids reflected the changing role of women in muslim society

The harem and veil of the Abbasids reflected the changing role of women in Muslim society.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The slave army of Mameluks from Egypt protected and threatened the Baghdad caliphs. They even stopped the Mongols !


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The Bedouin towns of Mecca and Yatrib (Medina) were the marketplace extensions of their tribes. Most towns were controlled by one or more tribes.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The move of the capital from Damascus to Baghdad further weakened the ties of Islam to its religious base in Mecca.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The pre-Islamic Bedouins had no written language and their poetry & songs were passed onto new generations as part of a rich oral tradition.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Silk weaving from China introduced to Spain by the Umayyads.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The symbol of the Muslim world is the crescent moon. This reflects the importance of the moon god during pre-Islamic times.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The Sufi mystics took their brand of Islam to Asia during the Abbasid Caliphate and made the worship of Allah more personal


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

During the time of the Abbasids often the slave girls were more educated and more interesting than the Muslim wives. This slave has enticed the caliph with her stories of love and adventure 1001 different stories.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Pre-Islamic religion included traces of animism as well as the worship of the gods of cool places.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Completed during the Umayyad Dynasty the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is located on the site of Solomons 2nd temple.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The innovations of the Chinese were introduced to Europe by the Umayyads that controlled much of the Iberian Peninsula.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

The Abbasid Caliphs used an extensive bureaucracy to keep the taxes rolling into the treasury. Their lifestyle reflected how the money was spent.


Bedouin nomads were kin based clans led by a clan tribal chief

Established trade with Asia increased under the Umayyads, but now the Muslim merchants brought Islam. India was first invaded in 711.


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