Laying the Foundations for a Diachronic Dictionary of Tunis Arabic
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Laying the Foundations for a Diachronic Dictionary of Tunis Arabic A First Glance at an Evolving New Language Resource. Karlheinz Mörth 1 , Stephan Procházka 2 , Ines Dallaji 2 1 Institute of Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology ( Austrian Academy of Sciences )

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Karlheinz Mörth 1 , Stephan Procházka 2 , Ines Dallaji 2

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Laying the Foundations for a Diachronic Dictionary of Tunis ArabicA First Glance at an Evolving New Language Resource

Karlheinz Mörth1, Stephan Procházka2, Ines Dallaji2

1Instituteof Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology (AustrianAcademyofSciences)

2DepartmentofOrientalStudies (Universityof Vienna)

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]


IntroductionTwoprojects

Vienna Corpus ofArabicVarieties (VICAV)

  • Linguistic Dynamics in the Greater Tunis Area: A Corpus-based Approach (TUNICO)

  • Text technology + Linguistics


IntroductionVICAV

==> Vienna Corpus ofArabicVarieties

Digital language resources of a wide range of spoken Arabic varieties: dictionaries, corpora, bibliographies, language profiles, best practices

Cooperationof University of Vienna andthe Austrian AcademyofSciences

  • http://corpus3.aac.oeaw.ac.at/vicav2/


IntroductionVICAV


IntroductionVICAV


IntroductionVICAV


IntroductionTUNICO

  • ==> Linguistic Dynamics in the Greater Tunis Area: A Corpus-based Approach

  • Funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF, P 25706-G23)

  • Main objectives:

  • Linguistic exploration of spoken, contemporary Arabic

  • Two digital language resources

  • Corpus of spoken youth language

  • Dictionary of Tunis Arabic


Arabicdialectlexicography

  • NocomprehensivedictionaryoftheArabicdialectof Tunis

  • Basis for diachronicresearch:

  • Nicolas, A. (1911).Dictionnairefrançais-arabe

  • Beaussier, M. (2006). Dictionnairepratiquearabe-français(arabemaghrébin)

  • Quéméneur, J. (1961). “Notes surquelquesvocables du parlerTunisien”

  • Quéméneur, J. (1962). “Glossaire de dialectal”

  • Abdellatif, K. (2010). Dictionnaire «le Karmous» du Tunisien

  • Marçais, W. , Guîga, A. (1958-61). Textes arabes de Takroûna. II:Glossaire


Dictionaryof Tunis Arabic

- micro-diachronic and machine-readable

- up-to-date and easily accessible lexical information

- incorporation of:

a) contemporary data from a digital corpus

b) various historical sources (e.g. Stumme, H.)

- information added is kept traceable to its origin

- basis: data taken from didactic materials

- 3 other main sources: newly created corpus,

interviews and historical publications


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicContemporary sources

1) Corpus of spoken youth language (dialogues, narratives):

uncommon approach in Arabic dialectology:

dialectological interests in language of older people --> only older

forms of particular varieties known

focus on modern language, contemporary usage and lexical

neologisms

2) Additional interviews to complete the data gained from corpus and historical sources


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicHistorical sources

- 800-page grammar of the Medina of Tunis by Hans-Rudolf Singer

(1984): evaluation of data, integration of excerpted lexicographic

data into dictionary

- Verification and completion of collected data with other

historical resources

- Diachronic dimension helps to understand processes in the

development of the lexicon

- Material gathered will allowanalysis of recent developments

(migration of parents from rural areas, influence by other Arabic

varieties, influence of revolution, foreign elements)


Dictionaryof Tunis Arabic


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicTechnical issues

Modelling thedata

Tools


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicTechnical issues

Single schemafor a rangeofdictionaries

LMF, RDF, SKOS, TEI (P5)


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicTechnical issues

  • Using the TEI dictionary module to encode digitised print dictionaries is a fairly common standard procedure in digital humanities.

  • The TEI dictionary module needs to be further constrained:

  • to enhance interoperability

  • to reduce alternate constructs

  • to achieve a high degree of compliance with LMF (ISO 24613)

  • Easy to impose in the creation of digitally born dictionaries.


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicBasic schema

<TEI>

<teiHeader>

...

</teiHeader>

<text>

<body>

<divtype="entries">

<entry>...</entry>

<entry>...</entry>

<entry>...</entry>

...

...

...

</div>

</body>

</text>

</TEI>


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicBasic schema

<body>

<divtype="entries">

<entry>...</entry>

<entry>...</entry>

<entry>...</entry>

...

...

...

</div>

<divtype="examples">

<cittype="example">...</cit>

<cittype="example">...</cit>

<cittype="example">...</cit>

...

...

...

</div>

</body>


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicBasic schema

<entryid="ktaab_001">

<formtype="lemma">

<orthlang="ar-aeb-x-tunis-vicav">ktāb</orth></form>

<formtype="inflected"ana="#n_pl">

<orthlang="ar-aeb-x-tunis-vicav">ktub</orth></form>

<gramGrp>

<gramtype="pos">noun</gram>

<gramtype="root"lang="ar-aeb-x-tunis-vicav">ktb</gram>

</gramGrp>

<sense>

<cittype="translation"lang="en">

<quote>book</quote></cit>

<cittype="translation"lang="de">

<quote>Buch</quote></cit>

<cittype="translation"lang="fr">

<quote>livre</quote></cit>

</sense>

</entry>


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicRepresenting diachrony

<bibl>

<author>Ritt-Benmimoun</author>

<date>2014</date>

</bibl>

<bibl>

<author>Singer</author>

<date>1958</date>

<biblScopeunit="page">56</biblScope>

</bibl>


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicDocumentation

  • http://corpus3.aac.ac.at/vicav2/query/

  • tools/dictionary_encoding_guidelines


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicTools

  • VienneseLexicographic Editor (VLE)

  • XML editor providing functionalities typically needed in compiling lexicographic data

  • Web-based standalone application

  • Designed to process standard-based lexicographic and terminological data such as LMF, TBX, RDF or TEI.

  • Automating procedures

  • Freely configurable visualisation (via XSLT)

  • Validation: MSXML Schema

  • Client-server architecture (php + mysql)

  • Freely available and easy to setup


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicTools


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicTools

  • Corpus – Dictionary interface

  • tokenEditor

  • Specialised Web-browser


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicTools

  • corpus_shell

  • ... a modular framework of reusable software components to access and publish heterogeneous and distributed language resources such as language corpora, dictionaries, encyclopaedic databases, prosopographic databases, bibliographies, metadata, and schemata.

  • Language Resources Portal

  • clarin.oeaw.ac.at/ccv/corpus_shell.

  • clarin.oeaw.ac.at/ccv/


Dictionaryof Tunis ArabicStatus and outlook

CLARIN-ERIC (Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure).

Open access and open source.

~5000 entries


Thank you for your attention!

! شكراً لانتباهكم

Karlheinz Mörth1, Stephan Procházka2, Ines Dallaji2

1Instituteof Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology (AustrianAcademyofSciences)

2DepartmentofOrientalStudies (Universityof Vienna)

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]


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