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Early Man. World History Edited By: Caitlyn Perry and Claire Fox . Key Terms. P rehistory- the period before written history Hominid- name given to human or human-like creatures Anthropology- study of man and culture Paleontology- study of fossils

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early man

Early Man

World History

Edited By: Caitlyn Perry and Claire Fox

key terms
Key Terms
  • Prehistory- the period before written history
  • Hominid- name given to human or human-like creatures
  • Anthropology- study of man and culture
  • Paleontology- study of fossils
  • Archaeology- study of artifacts to learn about ancient societies
  • Artifact- any object made by humans
key terms continued
Key Terms continued
  • Nomad- person who travels (migrates) from place to place
  • Culture- a way of life (language, music, religion, art, ethnicity, dress, food, etc.)
early hominids
Early Hominids
  • Artifacts had to be used to study the first hominids because there were no cave paintings or written documents.
  • Australopithecus- oldest of the prehumans, oldest one found in Olduvai Gorge in Kenya, Africa, named Lucy.
  • Homo Habilus- person with ability - lived during stone age(stone tools) -about 2.5 million years ago.
slide5

Homo Erectus- person who walks upright -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

  • Homo Sapien- person who thinks(Neanderthal Man)

-lived in modern Europe

-about 5 ½ feet tall

-about 100,00 years ago

slide6

Homo SapienSapien- modern man

-about 50,000 years old

-increased technology

-developed language

-first writing in form of cave painting

ice ages and migration
Ice Ages and Migration
  • There have been three major Ice Ages in the World
  • The last was around 11,000 years ago
  • Much of the world freezes over
      • NC would be the same as living in the northern US
      • Animals migrate to warm climate looking for food
      • People follow the animals… this why they are nomadic
      • Man originates in Africa and migrates all over the world (Partially because of the Ice Ages) over thousands of years
key terms1
Key Terms
  • Civilization- highly organized society with advanced forms of government and economy.
  • Economy- way people use their environment to meet their needs.
  • Artisans- skilled workers of a craft.
  • Myths- traditional stories that explain natural phenomenon.
  • Cultural diffusion- exchange of ideas when cultures come into contact.
neolithic revolution1
Neolithic Revolution
  • Beginning of Agriculture (Agricultural Revolution)
      • People settle down because they can grow food instead of following it
      • Ends migration/begins the first civilizations
characteristics of early civilizations
Characteristics of Early Civilizations
  • Formation of government
      • As people settle, populations grow(no more clans)
      • How do you make rules for larger groups of people to live by?
      • First establishment of kings and government officials
  • Class System- hierarchy of society
      • Top was military, government officials, and priests
      • Middle was artisans and merchants
      • Bottom was peasant workers and slaves

*many positions become inherited

slide12

Economy

      • Established irrigation systems- most early civilizations located along rivers
      • Specialized labor- many people learned a trade
      • Long distance trade- civilizations used boats, rivers and seas to trade with other civilizations (cultural diffusion)
  • Writing
      • First developed as a form of record keeping
      • Also used to spread history/myths
first early civilizations
First Early Civilizations
  • Nile River (Egypt)
  • Tigris-Euphrates Rivers (Iraq)
  • Indus River (India)
  • Huang He River (China)
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