Job search strategies for international students at university park campus
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Job Search Strategies for International Students at University Park Campus. Co-Sponsored by Career Services and International Student & Scholar Services – Division of Student Affairs FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY. Career Services Your Partner for Career Success GC 230 EC 2780WUC 255

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Job search strategies for international students at university park campus

Job Search Strategiesfor International Studentsat University Park Campus

Co-Sponsored by

Career Services and International Student & Scholar Services – Division of Student Affairs

FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY


Job search strategies for international students at university park campus

Career ServicesYour Partner for Career Success

GC 230 EC 2780WUC 255

(305) 348-2423 (305) 348-1282 (305) 919-5770

http: www.fiu.edu/~career

International Student & Scholar Services

GC 355WUC 363

(305) 348-2421(305) 919-5813

http: www.fiu.edu/~isss


Agenda

Agenda

  • Self Assessment

  • General Tips

  • Challenges

  • Work Authorization Options

  • Finding Companies


Self assessment

Self-Assessment

  • What is your competitive advantage?

  • What makes you unique?

  • What are your marketable skills & competencies?

  • Are you willing to relocate?


Valuable personal characteristics

Valuable Personal Characteristics

  • Bilingual, if not multi-lingual

  • Adapted to life in another culture (Resilient)

  • Lived independently

  • Exhibits determination, perseverance and tenacity


Identify clear career goals

Identify Clear Career Goals

  • Register with Career Services at www.fiu.edu/~career

  • Meet with a Career Consultant

  • Clarify duration of employment in U.S.

  • Research the field

  • Read journals/publications

  • Talk with your faculty/professors

  • Obtain experience


Target your market

Target Your Market

  • Multi-nationals

  • Small/mid-size companies

  • Companies doing business in or business with your home country/region (US Companies that have divisions in your home country)

  • Foreign firms operating in US particularly from your home country

  • Companies with history of H1-B sponsorship

  • Consider intern/co-op employment as “foot in the door” opportunities


General success tips

General Success Tips

  • Start early

  • Utilize all resources available

  • Be consistent

  • Prepare a professional resume

  • Develop strong interviewing skills

  • Obtain experience & develop skills


Resume tips

Resume Tips

  • Provide a frame of reference for potential employers (related experience/skills)

  • Emphasize strong English communication skills in resume (written and verbal)

  • Resume should be free of errors especially awkward use of language

  • Clear, concise format


Interviewing tips

Interviewing Tips

  • Be on time! (arrive 10 minutes early)

  • Professional Business Dress

  • Maintain eye contact

  • Expect direct questions regarding experience and competency

  • Promote your skills/ accomplishments

  • Research the company & demonstrate that knowledge

  • Schedule a “Mock” Interview with Career Services!

  • Disclosure of work authorization


What to wear

What to wear…..


What not to wear

What NOT to wear…


Obtain experience

Obtain Experience

  • Internships/”Co-ops”

  • Student Organizations

  • Student Professional Organizations


Network

Network

  • Make contact with potential employers

    • Internships

    • Career Fairs & Career Forums

    • Company information sessions

    • Alumni programs

    • Conferences, lectures

    • Student groups (professional associations)


Network1

Network

  • Use your personal network

    • Friends

    • Professors

    • Classmates

    • Family

  • Hidden job market - 80% of jobs


Top ten skills sought by employers

10 Organizational Skills

9Computer Skills

8 Flexibility/adaptability

7Analytical Skills

6Strong work ethic

5Motivation/initiative

4Interpersonal Skills

3Teamwork Skills

2Honesty/integrity

1Communication Skills!

TOP TEN SKILLS SOUGHT BY EMPLOYERS


For more information attend career services workshops sign up at www fiu edu career

For more information, attendCareer Services Workshopssign up at www.fiu.edu/~career

“CS 101-Panther Joblink Orientation”

“Internships 101”

“Interviewing Skills”

“Resume Writing”

“Networking Your Way to the TOP”


Challenges

Challenges


Staying in the us

Staying in the US

  • Finding companies that sponsor for H1B visas

  • Immigration quotas

  • Employer perceptions

  • Becoming an informed applicant


Finding companies that sponsor h1bs

Finding Companies that Sponsor H1Bs

  • Focus only on companies that sponsor

  • Fully utilize Career Services Office

  • Network with friends, family, classmates & alumni in your field

  • Avoid government agencies and government subcontractors

  • Avoid companies that hire you for OPT but do not sponsor H1B


Immigration quotas

Immigration Quotas

  • FY 2008 (Oct. 1, 2007 – Sept.30, 2008)

    Congress mandated cap: 65,000*Regular FY 2008 quota reached April 2.Special Quota of 20,000 for US Advanced degree holders finished in 1 month

    * 6,800 set aside for U.S.-Chile & U.S. Singapore Free Trade Agreements

  • FY 2007 (Oct. 1, 2006 – Sept.30, 2007)

    Congress mandated cap: 65,000*Regular FY 2007 quota reached May 26Special Quota of 20,000 for US Advanced degree holders reached July 26

    * 6,800 set aside for U.S.-Chile & U.S. Singapore Free Trade Agreements

    Higher Education and Non-Profit Organizations are exempt from the caps


H1b typical occupations

H1B Typical Occupations

* Engineers* Computer Programmers and Analysts * Accountants* Architects* Doctors* University Professors or Researchers


Employers perceptions

Employers Perceptions

  • Employers unfamiliar to applicable law and regulatory procedures

  • Hiring Complexities

    • Long processing time

    • Legal Bureaucracy

    • Cost


Be an informed applicant

Be An Informed Applicant

  • Become knowledgeable about work authorization /visa options

    • Information you can provide

    • Cost estimates

    • Paperwork requirements

    • Your own attorney (Check with ISSS for various workshops conducted with local Immigration Attorneys.)


Work authorization options

Work Authorization Options


Practical training f 1 c pt opt

Practical Training (F-1): CPT & OPT

  • Practical Training is employmentrelated to student’s major or field of study. Authorizationthrough USCIS or by an ISSSAdvisor is required (whetherwork is paid or not).

  • Access required F-1 Online Workshop:www.fiu.edu/~isss/F-1_Employment_Online_Workshop.ppt


Practical training f 1 cpt opt

Practical Training (F-1): CPT & OPT

  • Eligibility Requirements

    • Student must be maintaining valid F-1 status at time of application.

    • Student musthave been lawfully enrolled full-time for at least two consecutive semesters prior to application.

    • Student must have viewed the REQUIREDISSS F-1 Employment Online Workshop.


Curricular practical training cpt

Curricular Practical Training (CPT)

  • For academic creditORcurriculum requirement of major or program.

  • If done for academic credit:

    • Only “Internship” or “Coop ” courses qualify; “Independent Study” and “Seminar” do NOT qualify.

    • Course must be commensurate to current degree level.

  • Authorized by an ISSS Advisor during an appointment.


Curricular practical training cpt1

Curricular Practical Training (CPT)

  • Authorized for aspecific employer.

  • Duration of authorization (for academic credit):

    • From first day of classes until last day of classes (IFstudent appliesbeforestart of term)OR

    • From date of application until last day of classes (IFstudent appliesafterstart of term).


Curricular practical training cpt2

Curricular Practical Training (CPT)

  • No application fee.

  • May be authorized as part-time (20 hours or less per week) ORfull-time (21 hours or more per week).

  • Authorization noted on page 3 of SEVIS I-20.

  • May be paid or non-paid, at Employer’s discretion.


Optional practical training opt

Optional Practical Training (OPT)

  • For training that is not required by degree/program curriculum and not for academic credit.

  • Employment Authorization Document (EAD) issued as form of authorization.

  • Authorized by U.S. CIS with ISSS advisor’s recommendation.

  • Application fee charged by U.S. CIS

  • No employer required for application.


Optional practical training opt1

Optional Practical Training (OPT)

  • LIMIT: 12 months (OPT may be available for each higherdegree completed.)

  • May be used BEFORE or AFTER completion of degree.

  • If used before completion of degree, OPT is authorized for part-time employment; If used after completion of degree, it is authorized full-time.

  • OPT after completion application period: application within last term of enrollment only and PRIOR to end of that term.


Words of advice from adviser to student

Words of Advice(from adviser to student)

  • Be informed about OPT and your post-OPT options!

  • Use available resources!

  • Apply for OPT!

  • Make the most of your OPT experience!

  • Be flexible!

  • Make yourself valuable!

  • Don’t wait to know your employer’s policies about immigration support!

  • Consider further study!

  • Remember that timing is critical!

  • Invest wisely!


Beyond opt change to another niv category

Beyond OPT:Change to Another NIV Category

Overview of NIV Categories:

  • H-1B - Temporary Worker in Specialty Occupation

  • O-1 - Aliens of Extraordinary Ability

  • P-1/2/3- Entertainers/Athletes-

  • TN - Trade (NAFTA)

  • E-1/E-2 - Treaty Trader/Treaty Investor

  • E-3-

  • L-1- Intracompany Transferee


H1b visa category

H1B Visa Category

  • Temporary Worker in a Specialty Occupation.

  • Employment permitted only with sponsoring company or institution.

  • Granted for an initial period of 1 to 3 years with possibility of extension for an additional 3 years (Maximum: 6 years).

  • Quota: 65,000*H1B Extensions not subject to quota/cap*Omnibus Appropriations Act (2004) implemented for FY 2006; 20,000 additional (MS/PhD)


H1b visa category1

H1B Visa Category

  • “Dual Intent” NIV classification

  • DOL: Wage Attestation

  • DHS U.S. CIS: Adjudication of COS to H1B

  • Fees charged: Application, Anti-fraud, Expedited Processing

  • Immigration attorney services recommended; legal fees charged.


Tn trade nafta

TN (Trade NAFTA)

  • Citizens of Canada, Mexico, Chile & Singapore.

  • Employment for specific professional fields/positions.

  • Employment permitted only with sponsoring company or institution.

  • Authorization period: yearly basis.


L 1 intracompany transferee

L-1 Intracompany Transferee

  • Transferred to affiliate, subsidiary or parent company in the U.S. in executive or manager level at company in home country.

  • “Dual intent” NIV classification

  • Being transferred to same level or higher position in the U.S.

  • Employed by company in home country for at least 1 year.

  • Petition filed with U.S. CIS and upon approval, employee applies for L-1 visa at U.S. Consulate in home country.


E 1 treaty trader e 2 treaty investor

E-1-Treaty Trader/E-2 - Treaty Investor

  • Treaty between U.S. and alien’s country of nationality.

  • Position must be at supervisory, management, or executive level.

  • Intend to depart U.S. at end of status; No provision for immigrant intent.

  • For E-1: “Substantial” trade between U.S. and alien’s country of nationality.

  • Status obtained at U.S. Consulate in Treaty Country; COS or Extension if/once in the U.S.


Sources of additional information

Sources of Additional Information

  • U.S. CIS Web http://uscis.gov/graphics/index.htm

  • Listings of Multi-nationals (published by the Beacon Council)

  • Directory of American Firms Operating in Foreign Countries

  • Local Chambers of Commerce

  • American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA)

  • Home Country/Foreign Embassies or Consulates


Job search strategies for international students at university park campus

Presentation by: Ivette Duarte Assistant DirectorCareer ServicesDr. Ana Sippin, Director, ISSSRevision: November 2007Design & Application originally designed by:Iliana Martin


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