A nation divided
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A NATION DIVIDED. CHAPTER 30, SECTION 3. QUIZ: SECTION 3. DEFINE THE FOLLOWING TERMS : THE NEW LEFT STUDENTS FOR A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY FREE SPEECH MOVEMENT DOVE HAWK. VOCABULARY. THE NEW LEFT STUDENTS FOR A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (S.D.S.) FREE SPEECH MOVEMENT (F.S.M.)

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A NATION DIVIDED

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A nation divided

A NATION DIVIDED

CHAPTER 30, SECTION 3


Quiz section 3

QUIZ: SECTION 3

  • DEFINE THE FOLLOWING TERMS:

    • THE NEW LEFT

    • STUDENTS FOR A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY

    • FREE SPEECH MOVEMENT

    • DOVE

    • HAWK


Vocabulary

VOCABULARY

  • THE NEW LEFT

  • STUDENTS FOR A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (S.D.S.)

  • FREE SPEECH MOVEMENT (F.S.M.)

  • DOVES

  • HAWKS


Important dates

IMPORTANT DATES

  • 1959: SDS FOUNDED

  • 1964: FSM FOUNDED

  • 1967:

    • ANTI-WAR PROTEST MARCH ON WASHINGTON

    • McNAMARA ANNOUNCES HIS RESIGNATION


Anti war protest

ANTI-WAR PROTEST

  • U.S. MILITARY DRAFT SYSTEM BASED ON SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM

    • ALL U.S. MALES, 18 TO 26, HAD TO REGISTER

    • DRAFTEES WOULD BE TAKEN FROM THAT POOL OF MEN

    • SYSTEM WAS EASILY MANIPULATED

    • LARGE #s TRY TO AVOID BEING DRAFTED

  • HOW WAS DRAFT AVOIDED?

    • MEDICAL “DEFERMENT” (Define)

    • ENLISTING IN NATIONAL GUARD, COAST GUARD

    • “CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION” (Define)

    • COLLEGE DEFERMENT

    • LAST RESORT: LEAVING U.S. (ex. CANADA)

  • RESULT?

    • MANY WHO AVOIDED DRAFT KNEW HOW TO MANIPULATE THE SYSTEM

    • MANY WHO COULDN’T AVOID DRAFT WERE WORKING CLASS


Anti war protest1

ANTI-WAR PROTEST

  • 80% OF U.S. SERVICEMEN IN V-NAM CAME FROM WORKING CLASS

  • WHAT GROUPS HAVE HIGHEST #s OF DRAFTEES?

    • AFRICAN-AMERICANS

    • WORKING CLASS WHITES

    • LATINOS

  • PROBLEMS?

    • RESENTMENT AT HEAVY BURDEN GROWS

    • EX: 20% OF COMBAT DEATHS IN 1965-68 WERE AFRICAN-AMERICAN

    • RACIAL TENSION IN MILITARY UNITS AND IN U.S. GROWS

    • EX: 1969: RACE RIOT @ USMC CAMP LEJEUNE, N.C.


Anti war protest2

ANTI-WAR PROTEST

  • SOME GROUPS TRY TO HELP SITUATION IN V-NAM:

    • U.S. MILITARY DIDN’T ALLOW WOMEN IN COMBAT UNITS

    • 7,500 WOMEN SERVE IN SUPPORT ROLES, SPECIFICALLY AS NURSES / MEDICAL AIDES

    • WHERE?

      • ARMY

      • NAVY

      • RED CROSS

      • U.S.O.

    • U.S.O.: DID / DOES WHAT?

      • PROVIDES SERVICES FOR MILITARY (CARE PACKAGES, ENTERTAINMENT, COMMUNICATION SERVICES)


Roots of opposition

ROOTS OF OPPOSITION

  • 1960’s COLLEGE STUDENTS ARE MORE POLITICALLY ACTIVE

  • COLLEGE CAMPUSES ARE CENTERS OF POLITICAL ACTIVITY

  • WHY?

    • JFK’s NEW FRONTIER ENCOURAGED STUDENTS TO BE MORE INVOLVED IN NATIONAL ISSUES

    • GROWTH OF CIVIL RIGHTS STRUGGLE

    • BABY BOOM & CONSUMERISM CREATED MORE POTENTIAL COLLEGE STUDENTS

  • WHO? “THE NEW LEFT”

  • DESCRIBE: POLITICAL PROTEST GROUPS CALLING FOR CHANGES IN U.S. SOCIETY

    • EXAMPLES?

      • S.D.S: BEGAN @ U. OF MICHIGAN

      • F.S.M. BEGAN @ U. OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY

    • DID WHAT?

      • CALLED FOR EXPANDED INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS

      • CRITICIZED “THE MACHINE”: GOV’T - BIG BUSINESS ALLIANCE


A nation divided

  • F.S.M. Rally

    @ UC-Berkley,

    1964


Protest movement grows

PROTEST MOVEMENT GROWS

  • 1966: LBJ CHANGES REQUIREMENTS FOR DEFERMENTS

    • HOW? A COLLEGE STUDENT HAD TO BE IN GOOD ACADEMIC STANDING

    • REACTION? PROTESTS ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES INCREASE

    • LATE-’67: S.D.S. HAS 300 CHAPTERS ON CAMPUSES ACROSS U.S.

  • MAJOR PROTESTS:

    • SPRING,’67: NYC – CENTRAL PARK: 500,000

    • OCT.,’67: WASH., D.C. PROTEST: 75,000

      • ENDS IN VIOLENT CLASH @ PENTAGON

      • 1500 INJURED, 700 ARRESTED


Divided opinions

DIVIDED OPINIONS

  • DOVES: Define

  • HAWKS: Define

  • 1967: MEDIA POLL RESULTS:

    • 2/3 OF AMERICANS THINK WAR JUSTIFIED

    • 50% THINK MORE BOMBING OF N.V. WOULD HELP WIN WAR

    • 70% BELIEVED WAR PROTESTS WERE DISLOYAL ACTS


Famous slogans

FAMOUS SLOGANS

  • “HELL NO, WE WON’T GO!”

  • “BURN CARDS, NOT PEOPLE!”

  • “DRAFT BEER, NOT PEOPLE!”

  • “HEY, HEY, LBJ... HOW MANY KIDS HAVE YOU KILLED TODAY?!!”

  • “AMERICA…LOVE IT, OR LEAVE IT!”

  • “SUPPORT OUR MEN IN VIETNAM.”


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