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Freight Data for the Future. Report From the TRB CFS Conference July 8-9, 2005 Joseph L. Schofer Northwestern University. Going Beyond CFS. Loving & hating CFS TRB SR 277: CFS … until something better comes along Clarity on CFS limitations Cottage industry evolved to make CFS useful

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Freight data for the future

Freight Data for the Future

Report From the

TRB CFS Conference

July 8-9, 2005

Joseph L. Schofer

Northwestern University


Going beyond cfs
Going Beyond CFS

  • Loving & hating CFS

    • TRB SR 277:

      • CFS … until something better comes along

      • Clarity on CFS limitations

  • Cottage industry evolved to make CFS useful

  • It’s time to talk about something better

    • Needs, opportunities beyond 2007


Freight data for decision support
Freight Data for Decision Support

  • Support the policy debate

  • Infrastructure assurance

    • Assessment

    • Planning

    • Management

    • Security

  • Economic development

    • Competitive edge

    • Growth & change

  • Managing private, public & shared facilities


Road to a better fdb
Road to a Better FDB

  • Why?

    • Avoid CFS flaws

      • Coverage

      • Aggregation

      • Context information

    • Better support for key facility & service decisions

    • Respond to new issues, challenges

  • What?

    • A new product – post 2007

  • How?

    • New motivation

    • New methods

    • Use our accumulated knowledge

  • Who?

    • Coalition of users, providers needed to effect change


Not just your father s cfs
Not Just Your Father’s CFS

  • It’s not just about data collection

    • Must understand process, causality

  • Freight/logistics process is complex

    • Concerns both commodity and multimodal vehicle flows

    • Jointly owned – public, private interests

  • No dedicated (federal) investment program to drive decision needs

  • Data targets – decision & decision makers – not clear


Context complexity needs

Maersk

BNSF

Context, Complexity & Needs

  • Evolving context

    • Global economy

    • Intermodalism

    • Technology revolution (IT – more info)

  • Complex process, complex information

    • O-D x commodity x mode (x mode x mode)

    • Vehicle flows as well as shipments

    • Routes & LOS

    • Shipper, receiver attributes

  • Expanded coverage & detail

    • More industries

    • Exports & imports

    • 3PLs & warehouses

    • Geographic detail – SMA to SMA flows

  • Accessible database


  • Defining the future freight database

    TRB should lead definition of next FDB

    Forum for users, providers, governments, industry, researchers

    SAFETEA-LU mandates Transportation Information Needs Assessment Study

    By NAS–TRB Studies & Info Services Division

    Broad input from TRB technical committees

    Speak with coordinated voice

    Build support for FDB

    Learn from threat to 2007 CFS

    Show FDB around to gather support

    Trade groups & industries

    State & local governments

    Congress…

    Get Coalition on the bandwagon

    Defining the FutureFreight Database


    Think broadly data types sources methods
    Think Broadly: Data Types, Sources, Methods

    • Shipper survey is not enough

      • Shipper can’t always know freight path (determined by carrier, 3PL)

        • Load consolidation

        • Real-time mode choice

        • Intermodalism

    • Tracking the supply chain

      • Private sector collaboration

      • Protecting confidentiality

      • Tracking the products (RFID)

    • Multi-perspective data collection & fusion

      • Add shipper, receiver, LOS data

      • To understand causality

      • To build forecasting models

    • Continuous data collection


    Coalition to communicate needs
    Coalition to Communicate Needs

    • Users

      • Government

      • Industry

    • Providers (OEM)

      • Government

        • Census

        • DOT

        • Others…

      • Industry

    • Cottage industry (modifiers)

    • TRB Role

      • SAFETEA-LU study

      • Ongoing effort



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