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Environmental Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region: views of the Ministry of the Environment of Estonia Andres Kratovitš Tallinn, 27 April 2005. The main milestones of Environmental Policy in Estonia.

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slide1

Environmental Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region:

views of the Ministry of the Environment of Estonia

Andres Kratovitš

Tallinn, 27 April 2005

slide2

The main milestones of Environmental Policy in Estonia

  • Act on Sustainable Development (adopted February 22nd, 1995), National Strategy on SD (March 2005)
  • National Environmental Strategy
    • (March 17th,1997, new Strategy is being elaborated)
  • National Environmental Action Plan-NEAP
    • (May 26th, 1998; updated Spring 2001, new is being elaborated)
  • Global and regional cooperation
  • EU Environmental Acquis
slide3

National Strategy on Sustainable Development - 2001 - 2003

    • three priority goals
      • vitality of Estonia`s cultural space
      • growth of people`s welfare
      • ecologically balanced development
    • need to establish proper decision-making institutional mechanism
slide4

Priority Environmental Problems according to the NES

  • Pollution of ambient and urban air
  • past pollution
  • damaged landscapes
  • decrease in water quantity
  • pollution and eutrophication of surface waterbodies
  • waste management
  • threats to biodiversity
  • problems with built environment
slide5

10 Policy Goals of the Estonian National Environmental Strategy

  • Environmental Awareness
  • Clean Technologies
  • Energy Sector
  • Air Quality
  • Waste Management
  • Past Pollution
  • Groundwater Resources
  • Surface and Coastal Water
  • Landscape and Biodiversity
  • Modification of Built Environment
slide6

Global and regional environmental cooperation

  • More than 40 environmental conventions or other international legal instruments ratified or acceded to, since 1991
  • Rio 1992 Summit and related Conventions
  • UN ECE Conventions
  • Conventions and processes in the Baltic Sea area
  • Helsinki Convention
  • Gdansk Convention
  • Baltic 21
  • Baltic cooperation
  • Emerging Nordic-Baltic cooperation
slide7

Bilateral agreements

  • 27 bilateral agreements (without fisheries agreements) mainly with the Baltic Sea countries
  • 8 agreements with Finland (framework, water protection, air protection, oil-spills, EIA, climate change - Joint Implementation)
  • 3 agreements with Denmark (framework, radiation protection)
  • 3 agreements with Latvia (framework, EIA, nature protection)
  • 2 agreements with Germany (framework)
  • 2 agreements with Lithuania (framework, hazardous waste)
  • 2 agreements with the Russian Federation (framework, transboundary waters)
  • 2 agreements with Sweden (framework, climate change)
slide8

Benefits from cooperation within the Baltic Sea region

  • Environmental benefits
  • Emissions into atmosphere
  • NOx -41%
  • VOC -52%
  • SO2 -60%
  • solid particles -74%
  • CO2 -56%
  • CH4 -42%
  • N2O -67%
slide9

Benefits from cooperation within the Baltic Sea region

  • Environmental benefits

Pollution load of discharged wastewater

  • Ntot -50%
  • Ptot -65%
  • BOD7 -82%
slide10

Benefits from cooperation within the Baltic Sea region

  • Financial benefits
  • More than 300 bilateral projects (1992-2002)
  • Bilateral assistance more than 2.5 billion EEK
  • Biggest bilateral donors Denmark, Finland, Sweden
  • Main sectors – wastewater treatment, waste management, air protection
  • Preparation to work with the EU Structural Funds
slide11

Benefits from cooperation within the Baltic Sea region

  • Political benefits
  • Assistance to establish legal framework for environmental protection and draft the main environmental policy documents
  • Technical assistance and cooperation
  • Personal contacts
  • Experience to work within international context
  • Take over the EU environmental Acquis
slide12

Benefits from cooperation within the Baltic Sea region

  • Guidance towards becoming member of international environmental community
  • Regional cooperation
  • Global cooperation
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