Background to Sociology. Scientific revolution of 17 th century “Enlightenment” Philosophy of 18 th c. French Revolution (1789--) Industrial Revolution (19 th century). Scientific Revolution. Newton: physical world governed by invariant laws
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Protestant rates higher than Catholics, higher than Jews
Single persons rate higher than married
People from small families higher than people from large families
Higher education, higher suicide rate
Society during peacetime higher than wartime
Bourgeoisie vs. Proletariat
Marx: Dialectical and anti-positivist
Capitalism has “laws”, but are specific to this mode of production. Society and its institutions are ultimately under the control of the members.