Growth management or social engineering the albuquerque experiment
Download
1 / 16

Growth Management or Social Engineering? The Albuquerque Experiment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 66 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Growth Management or Social Engineering? The Albuquerque Experiment. Arthur C. Nelson, Ph.D., FAICP Professor & Director Urban Affairs & Planning Virginia Tech – Alexandria Center National Impact Fee Roundtable – Denver 2005. What is “Social Engineering”. The use of policy to

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentation

Growth Management or Social Engineering? The Albuquerque Experiment

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Growth management or social engineering the albuquerque experiment
Growth Management or Social Engineering?The Albuquerque Experiment

Arthur C. Nelson, Ph.D., FAICP

Professor & Director

Urban Affairs & Planning

Virginia Tech – Alexandria Center

National Impact Fee Roundtable – Denver 2005


What is social engineering
What is “Social Engineering”

  • The use of policy to

    • Change behavior

    • Change social outcomes

  • “Engineering” tools 

    • Taxes and fees (economists’ preference)

    • Regulations (politicians’)

    • Combined (planners’ preference)


We are already socially engineered federal state
We are Already Socially Engineered Federal & State

  • Public education, standards

  • Public health (inoculations)

  • Public safety (driving rules, building codes)

  • Retirement planning (IRAs)

  • Home Ownership (tax deductions)

  • Investment (capital gains preferences)


We are already socially engineered local
We Are Already Socially Engineered Local

  • Euclidian zoning (segregating land uses)

  • Exclusionary zoning (keep low-income out)

    • Large-lot & large-house zoning

  • Inefficient pricing

    • Average cost utilities, subsidized roads, etc.

      = Urban Sprawl (development patterns that create more costs than benefits)


Effects of social engineering in land use planning
Effects of Social Engineeringin Land-Use Planning

  • Over-consumption of land

  • Rising costs per unit of new development

  • Inefficient land-use interactions causing more traffic

  • Social segregation, skewed benefits

  • Higher quality of life in some areas, lower QoL in others  Less than optimal aggregate QoL


Purposes of growth management
Purposes of Growth Management

  • Protect public goods

  • Minimize taxpayer exposure

  • Maximize positive land-use interactions and minimize negative ones

  • Distribute growth benefits & burdens equitably

  • Elevate the current quality of life


Planning and re engineering
Planning and “Re-Engineering”

  • Provide public goods (buy/regulate)

  • Reconfigure land-use planning to reduce facility costs (regulation), reduce taxpayer exposure (efficient pricing)

  • Reconfigure land-use to maximize positive land-use interactions (regulation)

  • Workforce housing; provision of facilities equitably (subsidies, regulation)

  • Outcome should be aggregate QoL improvement


The albuquerque experiment
The Albuquerque Experiment

  • Planned Growth Strategies (PGS)

  • Based on Growth Management Goals

  • Encourage development in areas with

    existing services  “Fully-Served”

    tier = $0 marginal cost

  • “Partially-Served” tier  Charge “full” marginal cost

  • “Unserved” tier  Development agreements


The role of impact fees
The Role of Impact Fees

  • New Mexico Allows

    Public Safety

    Water, wastewater, stormwater

    Parks and recreation, open space, trails

    Roads

  • New Mexico Does Not Allow

    Schools, libraries, community centers

  • PGS-based Impact Fees For

    All eligible fees except water & wastewater


Pgs impact fee team
PGS-Impact Fee Team

  • Chris Nelson, Virginia Tech, team leader

  • Steve Tindale, Tindale Oliver Associates

    Roads

  • James C. Nicholas, University of Florida

    Public Safety, Parks, O.S., Trails

  • Kees Korsmit, Integrated Utilities Group

    Stormwater drainage

  • Julian C. Juergensmeyer, Georgia State U.

    Law


Pgs based impact fees
PGS-Based Impact Fees

  • Public Safety “east” & “west” service

    areas: $207 to $276 per 1k sf du

  • Trails & Open Space: $390 per 1k sf du

  • Parks and Recreation  7 service areas: $0 to $1,630 per 1k sf du

  • Drainage  5 services areas: $0 to $0.32 per impervious square foot

  • Roads  7 service areas: $0 to $2,918 per home in largest-home tier

    Steve Tindale to Review


Even more engineering
Even More “Engineering”

  • $0 for Affordable Housing (HUD)

  • $0 in Metropolitan Redevelopment Areas

  • 30% to 70% reduction for job-based development west of Rio Grande (jobs-housing balance)

  • New study to derive across-the-board reductions based on land-use integration


ad
  • Login