Growth management or social engineering the albuquerque experiment
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 16

Growth Management or Social Engineering? The Albuquerque Experiment PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 48 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Growth Management or Social Engineering? The Albuquerque Experiment. Arthur C. Nelson, Ph.D., FAICP Professor & Director Urban Affairs & Planning Virginia Tech – Alexandria Center National Impact Fee Roundtable – Denver 2005. What is “Social Engineering”. The use of policy to

Download Presentation

Growth Management or Social Engineering? The Albuquerque Experiment

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Growth management or social engineering the albuquerque experiment

Growth Management or Social Engineering?The Albuquerque Experiment

Arthur C. Nelson, Ph.D., FAICP

Professor & Director

Urban Affairs & Planning

Virginia Tech – Alexandria Center

National Impact Fee Roundtable – Denver 2005


What is social engineering

What is “Social Engineering”

  • The use of policy to

    • Change behavior

    • Change social outcomes

  • “Engineering” tools 

    • Taxes and fees (economists’ preference)

    • Regulations (politicians’)

    • Combined (planners’ preference)


We are already socially engineered federal state

We are Already Socially Engineered Federal & State

  • Public education, standards

  • Public health (inoculations)

  • Public safety (driving rules, building codes)

  • Retirement planning (IRAs)

  • Home Ownership (tax deductions)

  • Investment (capital gains preferences)


We are already socially engineered local

We Are Already Socially Engineered Local

  • Euclidian zoning (segregating land uses)

  • Exclusionary zoning (keep low-income out)

    • Large-lot & large-house zoning

  • Inefficient pricing

    • Average cost utilities, subsidized roads, etc.

      = Urban Sprawl (development patterns that create more costs than benefits)


Effects of social engineering in land use planning

Effects of Social Engineeringin Land-Use Planning

  • Over-consumption of land

  • Rising costs per unit of new development

  • Inefficient land-use interactions causing more traffic

  • Social segregation, skewed benefits

  • Higher quality of life in some areas, lower QoL in others  Less than optimal aggregate QoL


Purposes of growth management

Purposes of Growth Management

  • Protect public goods

  • Minimize taxpayer exposure

  • Maximize positive land-use interactions and minimize negative ones

  • Distribute growth benefits & burdens equitably

  • Elevate the current quality of life


Planning and re engineering

Planning and “Re-Engineering”

  • Provide public goods (buy/regulate)

  • Reconfigure land-use planning to reduce facility costs (regulation), reduce taxpayer exposure (efficient pricing)

  • Reconfigure land-use to maximize positive land-use interactions (regulation)

  • Workforce housing; provision of facilities equitably (subsidies, regulation)

  • Outcome should be aggregate QoL improvement


The albuquerque experiment

The Albuquerque Experiment

  • Planned Growth Strategies (PGS)

  • Based on Growth Management Goals

  • Encourage development in areas with

    existing services  “Fully-Served”

    tier = $0 marginal cost

  • “Partially-Served” tier  Charge “full” marginal cost

  • “Unserved” tier  Development agreements


The role of impact fees

The Role of Impact Fees

  • New Mexico Allows

    Public Safety

    Water, wastewater, stormwater

    Parks and recreation, open space, trails

    Roads

  • New Mexico Does Not Allow

    Schools, libraries, community centers

  • PGS-based Impact Fees For

    All eligible fees except water & wastewater


Pgs impact fee team

PGS-Impact Fee Team

  • Chris Nelson, Virginia Tech, team leader

  • Steve Tindale, Tindale Oliver Associates

    Roads

  • James C. Nicholas, University of Florida

    Public Safety, Parks, O.S., Trails

  • Kees Korsmit, Integrated Utilities Group

    Stormwater drainage

  • Julian C. Juergensmeyer, Georgia State U.

    Law


Pgs based impact fees

PGS-Based Impact Fees

  • Public Safety “east” & “west” service

    areas: $207 to $276 per 1k sf du

  • Trails & Open Space: $390 per 1k sf du

  • Parks and Recreation  7 service areas: $0 to $1,630 per 1k sf du

  • Drainage  5 services areas: $0 to $0.32 per impervious square foot

  • Roads  7 service areas: $0 to $2,918 per home in largest-home tier

    Steve Tindale to Review


Even more engineering

Even More “Engineering”

  • $0 for Affordable Housing (HUD)

  • $0 in Metropolitan Redevelopment Areas

  • 30% to 70% reduction for job-based development west of Rio Grande (jobs-housing balance)

  • New study to derive across-the-board reductions based on land-use integration


  • Login