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The Scottish Parliament. Scottish Identity. Aims : Identify ways in which Scotland has its own identity. Examine the arguments for and against the Scottish Parliament. Elections For the Scottish Parliament. Aims : Identify how the Scottish Parliament is elected.

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scottish identity
Scottish Identity

Aims:

  • Identify ways in which Scotland has its own identity.
  • Examine the arguments for and against the Scottish Parliament
elections for the scottish parliament
Elections For the Scottish Parliament

Aims:

  • Identify how the Scottish Parliament is elected.
electing the scottish parliament
Electing the Scottish Parliament
  • The voting system is called the Additional Members System (AMS). It is a form of Proportional Representation.
  • There are 129 MSPs in the Scottish Parliament.
voters have two votes
Voters have TWO VOTES:
  • The first vote is for a CANDIDATE.
  • Voters elected an MSP for their constituency.
  • There are 73 constituency MSPs.
  • The winner is decided using First Past the Post
the second vote
The Second Vote
  • Scotland is divided into EIGHT regions.
  • Each region elects 7 LIST OR REGIONAL MSPs.
  • Voters in that region vote for a PARTY.
  • Each party draws up a list of candidates.
  • A complicated formula is then used to decide how many regional MSPs each party gets.
slide10

Rhoda Grant, Labour

Regional MSP

Jamie McGrigor,

Conservative

Regional MSP

Jim Mather SNP

Constituency MSP

Rob Gibson SNP

Regional MSP

Peter Peacock, Labour

Regional MSP

Mary Scanlon, Conservative

Regional MSP

David Stewart, Labour

Regional MSP

Dave Thompson, SNP

Regional MSP

2007 election
2007 Election
  • There are 129 MSPs in the Scottish Parliament.
  • A party would have to win 65 seats to have a majority.
the additional member system
Advantages

% of seats a party gets is roughly the same as its % of the vote.

Easier for smaller parties to win seats.

People have two votes – more choice.

Parties have worked well in coalition governments.

Disadvantages

Hard for voters to understand how the system works.

More likely to have a coalition government – coalitions might break down if parties disagree.

Voters are unsure which MSP to contact if they have a problem.

The Additional Member System
electing the scottish parliament1
Electing the Scottish Parliament

Aims:

  • Examine the outcome of the 2011 election and the AV referendum.
  • Identify the ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ in this election.
slide16
Note:
  • The SNP now have an overall majority.
  • All the other main political parties lost seats in the election.
  • The turnout was 50.7%
  • Other parties – 2 Green Party MSPs and 1 Independent MSP.

Margo MacDonald

Independent MSP

Eleanor Scott

Green MSP

Patrick Harvie

Green MSP

the av referendum
The AV Referendum
  • Across the UK voters were asked if they wanted to change from FPTP to the Alternative Vote (AV) system.
  • 67.9 % of voters were against AV in the referendum.
what is the scottish government
What Is The Scottish Government?
  • The Scottish Government is responsible for running those areas which Scotland is allowed to organise for itself e.g. education, health.
  • The First Minister is elected by MSPs and is usually the leader of the largest party.
  • The Scottish Government is then chosen by the First Minister – he will select MSPs from his party.
  • Each MSP will be responsible for a department and be known as a ‘Scottish Minister’.
  • Each minister has to answer to Parliament for all the work of their department.
the powers of the scottish parliament
The Powers of the Scottish Parliament

Aims:

  • Examine the main powers of the Scottish Parliament.
  • Identify the modern features of the Scottish Parliament.
slide20

Supervises the Scottish Government

Makes

Laws

Powers of the Scottish Parliament

Changes Taxes

Investigate Issues

a modern scottish parliament
A Modern Scottish Parliament

Using page 31, explain how the Scottish

Parliament is more up-to-date than the

House of Commons in the following areas:

  • Seating arrangements
  • Hours of sitting
  • How MSPs address each other in the chamber
  • Electronic Voting
the powers of the scottish parliament1
The Powers of the Scottish Parliament

Devolved Powers:

Health Transport

Education Law

Local Government Fire Service

Social Work Environment

Housing Agriculture

Economic Development Tax

the powers of the british parliament
The Powers of the British Parliament

Tax

Defence

Foreign Affairs

Economic Policy

Social Security

Immigration

Drug Control

contacting your msp
Contacting Your MSP

The work of an MSP is very similar to

that of an MP. You can contact your MSP

by:

  • Letters or e-mail
  • Surgery
  • Telephone
the work of an msp in their constituency
The Work of an MSP in Their Constituency

In their constituency MSPs will:

  • Holding surgeries
  • Attend local meetings
  • Go on fact-finding visits
  • Attend local events
the work of an msp
The Work of an MSP

Note: MSPs can meet on a Monday afternoon or Friday morning in exceptional circumstances

slide27

Committees

Debates

The Work of an MSP in the Scottish Parliament

Question Time

Introduce a Member’s Bill

introducing new laws
Introducing New Laws:

Laws can be introduced by:

  • A Government Minister
  • A Committee
  • An MSP
the work of an msp in the scottish parliament
The Work of an MSP In the Scottish Parliament

Committees

  • An MSP will be a member of several committees.
  • Each committee examines what the Scottish government is doing in a certain area e.g. education.
  • Bills are sent to committees before the Parliament considers them.
  • Committees can introduce bills to change the law
the work of an msp in the scottish parliament1
The Work of an MSP in the Scottish Parliament

Debates

  • MSPs can debate, discuss and vote on issues affecting their constituents.

Question Time

  • Each week the First Minister and other government ministers will face questions from MSPs.
  • MSPs will ask questions about what the government is doing to help people in their consituency.
the work of an msp in the scottish parliament2
The Work of an MSP in the Scottish Parliament

Making Laws

  • MSPs will vote on whether a Bill becomes law or not.
  • Every MSP also gets the chance to introduce two Member’s Bills in a four-year period.
  • For example, Margo MacDonald tried to introduce a bill on assisted suicide.
public petition
Public Petition
  • The Public Petitions Committee must consider petitions which have been handed in by members of the public.
  • A petition might want to introduce a new law, change an existing law or express concern about an issue.
  • If the committee thinks it is a good petition, they can send it to another committee to deal with or introduce a new Bill to change the law.
  • This in an important opportunity for the public and pressure groups to influence the work of Parliament.
pressures on an msp
Constituents

Party

Local area

National Interest

Family

Ideological Beliefs

Individual conscience

Pressure Groups

Media

Pressures on an MSP
how representative is the scottish parliament
How Representative is the Scottish Parliament?

Aims:

  • Examine the representation of women and ethnic minorities in the Scottish Parliament.
slide35

At the moment women make up 51% of the Scottish population.

The number of female MSPs has varied in recent years. If they were to be fairly represented there would be 66 female MSPs in the Scottish Parliament

why are women under represented
Why Are Women Under-Represented?
  • Parties are reluctant to choose female candidates because they think they might lose voters.
  • Many women are the main carers in their family – living and working in Edinburgh during the week is not practical.
  • Although the Scottish Parliament has more family friendly hours of work it is still difficult for women with young families to balance their responsibilities.
  • Many women take a career break when they have family – a political career takes many years to develop.

Aileen Campbell, aged 26 was the youngest woman to be elected as an MSP in the 2011 election.

slide37

At the moment ethnic minorities make up 4% of the Scottish population.

The number of ethnic minority MSPs has increased slightly in recent years. If they were to be fairly represented there would be 36 ethnic minority MSPs in the Scottish Parliament.

why are ethnic minorities under represented
Why Are Ethnic Minorities Under-Represented?
  • Parties are reluctant to choose ethnic minority candidates because they think they might lose voters.
  • People from ethnic minority backgrounds are less likely to join political parties – they often feel the policies of the main parties do little to help them.
  • Some ethnic minorities are less likely to stay on at school or go onto university. The more educated a person is the more likely they are to take part in politics.
  • The Scottish Parliament is predominately white. Many ethnic minorities feel they have few political role models to follow.

Humsa Yousaf was one of only two ethnic minority MSPs to be elected in the 2011 election.

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