Specific Determinants of Morality. factors which essentially affect the goodness or badness of an action. The End of the Action. the natural purpose of the act that in which the act in its very nature terminates or results The end of the action is the primary determinant of morality.
The end of the action is the primary determinant of morality.
An act good in itself may be spoiled by a bad intention.
In the case of murder, aggravating circumstances are conspiracy, profession of the murderer, taking advantage of one’s position in the government.
In the case of murder, mitigating circumstances: provocation; lack of full consent or knowledge; no intention to kill.
In the case of murder, there can be no justifying circumstance. However, there can be a justifying circumstance in the case of killing an aggressor in self-defense.
In the case of murder, the following can be the exempting circumstances: age below 9 years old, insanity, violence, above 9 but below 15, who acted without discernment.
To be morally good, a human act must agree with the norm of morality on all three counts: in its nature, its motive, and its circumstances. Departure from any of these makes the action morally wrong.