Specific determinants of morality
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Specific Determinants of Morality. factors which essentially affect the goodness or badness of an action. The End of the Action. the natural purpose of the act that in which the act in its very nature terminates or results The end of the action is the primary determinant of morality.

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The end of the action
The End of the Action an action

  • the natural purpose of the act

  • that in which the act in its very nature terminates or results

    The end of the action is the primary determinant of morality.


The end of the agent
The End of the Agent an action

  • the intention or aim of the doer of the action

  • varies with different individuals, while the end of the act is always the same


Example
Example an action

  • The end or natural purpose of going to school is to learn yet some go to school only to be with friends; some go to school only to satisfy the wish of their parents; some go to school only to engage in athletics or extra curricular activities.

    An act good in itself may be spoiled by a bad intention.


Circumstance
Circumstance an action

  • may increase or decrease the gravity of an offense; or they may justify an act; or even exempt the agent from criminal responsibility, liability or punishment


A aggravating
A. Aggravating an action

  • are those which add to the seriousness of the offense

    In the case of murder, aggravating circumstances are conspiracy, profession of the murderer, taking advantage of one’s position in the government.


B mitigating or extenuating circumstance
B. an actionMitigating or extenuating circumstance

  • are those that lessen or palliate the gravity of a crime

    In the case of murder, mitigating circumstances: provocation; lack of full consent or knowledge; no intention to kill.


C justifying circumstance
C. an actionJustifying circumstance

  • are those that make the doing of an act right; so that there is no crime committed nor is there any criminal or civil liability

    In the case of murder, there can be no justifying circumstance. However, there can be a justifying circumstance in the case of killing an aggressor in self-defense.


D exempting circumstance
D. Exempting an actioncircumstance

  • are those that exempt an agent from responsibility and punishment

    In the case of murder, the following can be the exempting circumstances: age below 9 years old, insanity, violence, above 9 but below 15, who acted without discernment.


To be morally good, a human act must agree with the norm of morality on all three counts: in its nature, its motive, and its circumstances. Departure from any of these makes the action morally wrong.


Principles involved in circumstances paul glenn
Principles Involved in Circumstances (Paul Glenn) morality on all three counts: in its

  • An indifferent act can become good or evil through circumstance

    • Eating meat: indifferent

    • Eating meat on a Good Friday intentionally:evil






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