Specific determinants of morality
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Specific Determinants of Morality. factors which essentially affect the goodness or badness of an action. The End of the Action. the natural purpose of the act that in which the act in its very nature terminates or results The end of the action is the primary determinant of morality.

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Specific Determinants of Morality

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Specific determinants of morality

Specific Determinants of Morality


Specific determinants of morality

  • factors which essentially affect the goodness or badness of an action


The end of the action

The End of the Action

  • the natural purpose of the act

  • that in which the act in its very nature terminates or results

    The end of the action is the primary determinant of morality.


The end of the agent

The End of the Agent

  • the intention or aim of the doer of the action

  • varies with different individuals, while the end of the act is always the same


Example

Example

  • The end or natural purpose of going to school is to learn yet some go to school only to be with friends; some go to school only to satisfy the wish of their parents; some go to school only to engage in athletics or extra curricular activities.

    An act good in itself may be spoiled by a bad intention.


Circumstance

Circumstance

  • may increase or decrease the gravity of an offense; or they may justify an act; or even exempt the agent from criminal responsibility, liability or punishment


A aggravating

A. Aggravating

  • are those which add to the seriousness of the offense

    In the case of murder, aggravating circumstances are conspiracy, profession of the murderer, taking advantage of one’s position in the government.


B mitigating or extenuating circumstance

B. Mitigating or extenuating circumstance

  • are those that lessen or palliate the gravity of a crime

    In the case of murder, mitigating circumstances: provocation; lack of full consent or knowledge; no intention to kill.


C justifying circumstance

C. Justifying circumstance

  • are those that make the doing of an act right; so that there is no crime committed nor is there any criminal or civil liability

    In the case of murder, there can be no justifying circumstance. However, there can be a justifying circumstance in the case of killing an aggressor in self-defense.


D exempting circumstance

D. Exempting circumstance

  • are those that exempt an agent from responsibility and punishment

    In the case of murder, the following can be the exempting circumstances: age below 9 years old, insanity, violence, above 9 but below 15, who acted without discernment.


Specific determinants of morality

To be morally good, a human act must agree with the norm of morality on all three counts: in its nature, its motive, and its circumstances. Departure from any of these makes the action morally wrong.


Principles involved in circumstances paul glenn

Principles Involved in Circumstances (Paul Glenn)

  • An indifferent act can become good or evil through circumstance

    • Eating meat: indifferent

    • Eating meat on a Good Friday intentionally:evil


Specific determinants of morality

  • A good act can become evil through circumstances

    • Giving money to indigents: good

    • Giving money to indigents for votes: evil


Specific determinants of morality

  • An evil act can never become good through circumstance

    • Stealing money in order to buy food cannot make stealing good.


Specific determinants of morality

  • An intrinsically good act can become better or an intrinsically evil act can become worse through circumstance

    • Visiting a sick person for early recovery: good

    • Not visiting one’s sick father in a hospital out of hatred: worse


Specific determinants of morality

  • A good act done with evil means destroys the entire objective goodness of the act.

    • Giving money to the poor: good

    • Giving the money to the poor through robbery: evil


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