Folktales myths and legends
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Folktales, myths, and legends. Folklore and Traditional Literature Folklore consists of a people group (or “folk”) and all of its accumulated facts (“lore”) including: traditional customs, beliefs, knowledge, values, and attitudes of the ordinary people. Folk + Lore = Folklore.

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Folktales, myths, and legends

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Folktales myths and legends

Folktales, myths, and legends


Folktales myths and legends

Folklore and Traditional Literature

Folklore consists of a people group (or “folk”) and all of its accumulated facts (“lore”) including: traditional customs, beliefs, knowledge, values, and attitudes of the ordinary people.

Folk + Lore = Folklore


Folktales myths and legends

A folk's lore is communicated by word of mouth until it is transcribed (written down); this is called “oral tradition.” Before people groups had written languages, oral tradition was the only means of preserving the history of a people and its culture.


Traditional literature

Traditional Literature

Folktales, myths, and legends are only one part (the literary part) of a folk's lore. Folktales are a society's narratives, stories, and literature. They are the stories that have been handed down from generation to generation.


Folktales myths and legends

values

legends

Beliefs

myths

Facts


Folktales myths and legends

The science of folklore was born when collectors ("folklorists") began collect-ing items to preserve the lore and his-tory of various people groups. The birth of this science began in the early 19th century and is most often attributed to the Brothers Grimm, known best for their collection of what are now well-known fairy tales: Red Riding Hood, Snow-White, Hansel & Gretel, Rapunzel, etc.


Examples of folk lore

Examples of Folklore

  • How do you cure the hiccups?

  • What do you do at a birthday party?

  • What is done with the bride’s bouquet at a wedding?

  • How can you “magically” predict the gender of an unborn baby?


Examples of folk lore1

Examples of Folklore

  • How do you make s’mores (“somemores”)?

  • How do you build a snowman?

  • What do you say when you smile for a picture?


What is a folk tale

What is a Folk Tale?

A folk tale is a story with no known author that usually teaches a lesson. Examples of American folktales include: Brer Rabbit, Paul Bunyan, Three Billy Goats Gruff, etc.


What is a myth

What is a myth?

A myth is a story that usually explains something about the world and involves gods and other superhuman beings. Examples include: Medusa’s Head, Prometheus Bringer of Fire, Iliad & Odyssey


What is a legend

What is a Legend?

A legend is a story often believed to be true and in which the characters are usually considered historical by some. Examples include Robin Hood, King Arthur, and Pecos Bill.


Motifs in traditional literature

Motifs in Traditional Literature

A motif is a recurring thematic element. lt is the smallest element in a tale having the power to persist in tradition. ln order to have this power, it must have something unusual or striking or universal about it.


Some common motifs

Some common motifs:

  • Magical powers

  • Transformation

  • Making a deal with the devil

  • Wishes

  • Trickery


Three ways motifs appear in literature

Three Ways Motifs Appear in Literature:

Characters

Example: The "underdog" brother (or sister), Prince Charming, the damsel in distress, etc.


Three ways motifs appear in literature1

Three Ways Motifs Appear in Literature:

Plot lncident

Examples: The magic kiss, the long sleep, the journey, the difficult task, etc.


Three ways motifs appear in literature2

Three Ways Motifs Appear in Literature:

Objects

Examples: Hair, ring, water, magic cooking pot, flying carpets, etc.


Folktales myths and legends

VoiceThread Questions

Do

children

still

enjoy

hearing

stories?

Do to-

day’s

young

people

tell

stories?

Is this

story tell-

ing? Why or why not? How does

it differ

from face

to face

story tell-ing?

Do you

think

these

people are telling stories or

just goofing around & partying?


Folktales myths and legends

What about myths…folktales…legends…

As a culture, do we still believe them? Tell them? Pass them on to other generations? Should we? Why do we or don’t we?


Folktales myths and legends

What about…?


Folktales myths and legends

DO YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE? WHY?...

“Myths are stories, and we find meaning in our lives through the stories we tell.

Myths are not true or untrue—they're living or dead.”

--Phil Cousineau

Once & Future Myths


We find meaning

We tell stories…

We find meaning…


Folktales myths and legends

“Myths are stories and we find meaning in our lives through the stories we tell.”


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