Early Warning Systems: a Fundamental Component of Disaster Risk Management
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Early Warning Systems: a Fundamental Component of Disaster Risk Management By Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Programme World Meteorological Organization December 9, 2008. Disaster Risk Management Framework Derived from Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015.

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Early Warning Systems: a Fundamental Component of Disaster Risk Management

By

Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D.

Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Programme

World Meteorological Organization

December 9, 2008


Disaster risk management framework derived from hyogo framework for action 2005 2015 l.jpg
Disaster Risk Management Framework Risk ManagementDerived fromHyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015

Governance and Organizational Coordination and Cooperation

Risk Identification

Risk Reduction

Risk Transfer

PREPAREDNESS: early warning systems, emergency planning and response capacities

MITIGATION AND PREVENTION: Medium to long term sectoral planning (e.g. building resilient infrastructure)

CAT insurance

CAT bonds

Alternative Risk Transfer mechanisms

Other emerging products

Historical hazard data, analysis and changing hazard trends

Exposed assets & vulnerability

Risk quantification

Information and Knowledge SharingEducation and training


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Global Coordination in Hazard Detection and Forecasting to Support Multi-Hazard EWS

Global Observing System

Coordinated Satellite System

Global Data Processing and Forecasting System

Global Telecommunication System


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Communication and Dissemination Support Multi-Hazard EWS

National Meteorological

and Hydrological Services

Media

General

public

Private

sector

Government and

civil defence

authorities


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4 Support Multi-Hazard EWS

What is an Effective EWS?

1

National to local

governments

supported by

DRR plans, legislation

and coordination

mechanisms

Community Preparedness

5

feedback

preventiveactions

5

feedback

2

warnings

warnings

COORDINATION AMONGNATIONAL SERVICES

3

3

Meteorological

Hydrological

Geological

Marine

Health (etc.)

3

warnings

feedback

5


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Effective Early Warning Systems Support Multi-Hazard EWS

National to local disaster risk reduction plans, legislation and coordination mechanisms are critical to ensure emergency planning and response involving 4 technical components


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National Example: Cyclone Preparedness Programme Support Multi-Hazard EWSin Bangladesh


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Analysis of NMHSs’ Capacities, Gaps and Needs related to DRR and EWS

  • 139 National Meteorological and Hydrological Services participated:

    • Assessment of role of NMHSs as reflected in planning, legislation and national DRR coordination mechanisms;

    • Assessment of NMHS' capacities in observing, data management, forecasting and warning services;

    • Capacities to deliver products and services and warnings;

    • Assessment of NMHSs’ cooperation and coordination with other agencies and ministries.


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Responses to the WMO Country-Level Survey DRR and EWS

44/48

92 %

18/22

82 %

25/34

74 %

10/12

83 %

14/19

74 %

24/52

54 %

139 out of 187 Members (74 %) responded

Least developed

countries:

25/50

50 %

Developing

countries:

85/137

54 %


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South-Eastern DRR and EWS

Europe, East AsiaCaucasus

South

Asia

China

(Shanghai)

Central America

South-Eastern

Asia

South-Eastern

Africa

Status of EWS Projects with Multi-Hazard Approach


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Thank You DRR and EWS

For more information please contact:

Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D.

Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Programme

World Meteorological Organization

Tel. 41.22.730.8006

Fax. 41.22.730.8023

Email. [email protected]

http://www.wmo.int/disasters


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Support Slides DRR and EWS


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