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Medieval Art & Architecture. Ms. Susan M. Pojer modified by D. Brady. Early Medieval Architecture. Romanesque Cathedral Architectural Style. Rounded Arches. Barrel vaults. Thick walls. Darker, simplistic interiors . Small windows, usually at the top of the wall. Romanesque Floor Plans.

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Medieval

Art &

Architecture

Ms. Susan M. Pojermodified by D. Brady


Early Medieval

Architecture


RomanesqueCathedralArchitectural Style

  • Rounded Arches.

  • Barrel vaults.

  • Thick walls.

  • Darker, simplistic interiors.

  • Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.


RomanesqueFloor Plans







Gothic CathedralArchitectural Style

  • Began in France in the 12c.

  • Pointed arches.

  • Flying buttresses.

  • Stained glass windows.

  • Elaborate, ornate interior.

  • Taller, more airy  lots of light.

  • Lavish sculpture  larger-than-life.


GothicArchitecturalStyle

  • Pointed arches.

  • High, narrow vaults.

  • Thinner walls.

  • Flying buttresses.

  • Elaborate, ornate, airier interiors.

  • Stained-glass windows.

“Flying” Buttresses




St. Etienne, Bourges, late 12c

“Flying” Buttresses




Chartres Cathedral, Paris

Jamb Figures

Royal Portal

The “Pillar People”



Stained Glass Windows

  • For the glory of God.

  • For religiousinstructions.



Rose Window Chartres Cathedral, Paris

The good, of course, is always beautiful, and the beautiful never lacks proportion. ---Plato


“Rose” Windows of Various Kinds

Original Design

Labyrinth, 1200

Buddhist Mandala


Chartres CathedralPlan for all Rose Windows






Cathedral of Mont-Saint Michel:A Fortress & A Church


Late Medieval Church Art

Chalice, paten, and straw, mid-13c

Relinquary, late 12c


Medieval Tapestriesfrom theWorkshops in Flanders

The Lady & the Unicorns, 1511





Printed Psaltar

Gregorian Chant


Medieval Embroidery

The Bayeux Tapestry, 11c


Late Medieval Art

  • St. Francis’Rule Approved

  • Giotto

  • 1288-92?

  • Tempera on wood and ground gold.


Medieval Religious Themes

  • The Epiphany

  • Giotto

  • 1320

  • Tempera on wood and ground gold.


The Crucifixion

  • Giotto

  • 1305

  • Tempera onwood andground gold.



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