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Blood - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Blood. Components of Blood. Whole blood RBCs WBCs Platelets: cell fragments that aid in clotting Plasma 90% water (allows materials to dissolve) Amino acids, glucose, hormones, vitamins, salts, waste Concentrations allows diffusion in/out of blood stream. Click picture to play.

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components of blood
Components of Blood
  • Whole blood
    • RBCs
    • WBCs
    • Platelets: cell fragments that aid in clotting
  • Plasma
    • 90% water (allows materials to dissolve)
    • Amino acids, glucose, hormones, vitamins, salts, waste
    • Concentrations allows diffusion in/out of blood stream
red blood cells
Red Blood Cells
  • Produced from stem cells in bone marrow
  • Lose nucleus as they mature
  • Transport O2 to cells; remove CO2
  • O2 binds to hemoglobin proteins
  • Dead cells filtered by liver & spleen
slide5

red blood cell

platelet

white blood cell

  • White blood cells fight pathogens and destroy foreign matter.
slide6

platelets

fibrin

white blood cell

red blood cell

  • Platelets help form clots that control bleeding.
abo blood groups
ABO Blood Groups
  • Proteins on blood cells determined blood type
  • Antigen (markers)
    • proteins on cell’s surface that identify cells as foreign or natural
  • Antibodies:
    • proteins from WBCs to attack invaders
    • Float freely in plasma
group a blood
Group A blood
  • A antigens on the surface of your red blood cells and B antibodies in your blood plasma
group b blood
Group B blood
  • B antigens on the surface of your red blood cells and A antibodies in your blood plasma
group ab blood
Group AB blood
  • A and B antigens on the surface of your red blood cells and no A or B antibodies at all in your blood plasma
group o blood
Group O blood
  • No A or B antigens on the surface of your red blood cells but you have both A and B antibodies in your blood plasma
rh factors
Rh Factors
  • Rh+
    • Protein found in blood
    • Can receive Rh+ or Rh- blood
  • Rh-
    • Lack protein in blood
    • Only receive Rh- blood
blood type ab
Blood type AB+

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

blood type o
Blood type O+

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

blood type ab1
Blood type AB-

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

blood type b
Blood type B+

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

blood type o1
Blood type O-

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

francis was just in a bad accident and lost a lot of blood he is blood type b can you help save him
Francis was just in a bad accident and lost a lot of blood. He is blood type B+. Can you help save him?
blood type b1
Blood type B+

Antigens: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept b blood

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept B+ blood?

Yes. The A antibodies do not have A antigens to attack. Therefore, no attacking and clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept b blood1

B-

B antigens

B-

B antigens

B-

B antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept B- blood?

Yes. The A antibodies do not have A antigens to attack. Therefore, no attacking and clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept a blood

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept A+ blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept a blood1

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept A- blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept ab blood

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept AB+ blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept ab blood1

AB-

A antigens

B antigens

AB-

A antigens

B antigens

AB-

A antigens

B antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept AB- blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept o blood

O+

Rh antigens

O+

Rh antigens

O+

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept O+ blood?

Yes. The A antibodies do not have A antigens to attack. Therefore, no attacking and clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

this person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept o blood1

O-

No antigens

O-

No antigens

O-

No antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept O- blood?

Yes. The A antibodies do not have A antigens to attack. Therefore, no attacking and clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

slide31
Sebastian was just involved in an accident at work and lost a lot of blood. He is blood type A-. Can you help save him?
blood type a
Blood type A-

Antigens: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept a blood

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept A- blood?

A-

A antigens

Yes. The B and Rh antibodies do not have antigens to attack. Therefore, no attacking and clumping of blood cells will occur.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept a blood1

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept A+ blood?

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

No. The Rh antibodies will attack the Rh antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept b blood

B-

B antigens

B-

B antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept B- blood?

B-

B antigens

No. The B antibodies will attack the B antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept b blood1

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept B+ blood?

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

No. Both B and Rh antibodies will attack the B and Rh antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept ab blood

AB-

A antigens

B antigen

AB-

A antigens

B antigen

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept AB- blood?

AB-

A antigens

B antigen

No. The B antibodies will attack the B antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept ab blood1

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept AB+ blood?

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

No. Both B and Rh antibodies will attack the B and Rh antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

B antibody

Rh antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept o blood

O-

No antigens

O-

No antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept O- blood?

O-

No antigens

Yes. The antibodies do not have antigens to attack. Therefore, no attacking and clumping of blood cells will occur.

A-

A antigens

B antibody

Rh antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

this person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept o blood1

O+

Rh antigens

O+

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept O+ blood?

O+

Rh antigens

No. Rh antibodies would attack the Rh antigens and cause clumping.

A-

A antigens

B antibody

Rh antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

1 can this work
1) Can this work?
  • Acceptor

O-

  • Donor
  • AB-
2 can this work
2) Can this work?
  • Acceptor

A+

  • Donor
  • A-
3 can this work
3) Can this work?
  • Acceptor

AB-

  • Donor
  • B-
1 can this work1
1) Can this work?
  • Acceptor

O-

  • Donor
  • AB-

No! The AB antibodies

attack the donors blood.

Blood type O can only receive

Blood type O.

2 can this work1
2) Can this work?
  • Acceptor

A+

  • Donor
  • A-

Yes! There are no Rh antigens

on the donors blood cells.

3 can this work1
3) Can this work?
  • Acceptor

AB-

  • Donor
  • B-

Yes! The AB patients can receive

any blood type. And, both people

do not have Rh antibodies.

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