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Take out a scrap piece of paper and answer the following question: Would you rather live in the city or the country? Why or why not?. The Other America. Chapter 16 Section 4. The Urban Poor. Cause: White Flight Middle class white Americans go to suburbs

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slide1
Take out a scrap piece of paper and answer the following question:
  • Would you rather live in the city or the country? Why or why not?
the other america

The Other America

Chapter 16 Section 4

the urban poor
The Urban Poor

Cause:

White Flight

  • Middle class white Americans go to suburbs
  • rural families to urban (farm to city)
  • 5 million African Americans move to city
the urban poor1
The Urban Poor

Effect:

  • Problems for City
    • Lost businesses and people
    • Cannot afford schools or public transportation
the urban poor2
The Urban Poor

Effect:

  • Inner Cities
    • Poverty line: minimum income needed to survive
    • 1959: $2,973
    • 2000: $17,601
the urban poor3
The Urban Poor

Solution?

  • Urban Renewal
    • National Housing Act of 1949 wanted to “provide a decent home and a suitable living environment for every American Family”
    • Tear down rundown neighborhoods
    • Construct low income housing
  • Not enough new housing built
  • Urban renewal, or urban removal?
african americans
African Americans
  • By 1960: 3 million African Americans migrate from South to Northern cities
  • Salaries only 51% of what whites earned
  • Lorraine Hansberry: A Raisin in the Sun
    • Struggle with racism and poverty
poverty leads to activism
Poverty Leads to Activism

Before…(during World War II)

  • Mexicans seek employment
    • shortage of agricultural laborers
  • Braceros:
    • hired hands allowed into the country to harvest crops
    • Short term
poverty leads to activism1
Poverty Leads to Activism

After….(during the 1950’s)

  • Braceros stay in the US illegally
    • 1953-1955: U.S. deports more than 2 million illegal Mexican immigrants
poverty leads to activism2
Poverty Leads to Activism

Discrimination for Native Americans

Poorest ethnic group in US

Termination policy: federal gov’t makes Native American subject to same law as white citizens

Assimilate! Bad or good?

poverty leads to activism3
Poverty Leads to Activism

Unsuccessful

  • Termination Policy (1953)
    • Eliminated federal economic support, discontinued reservation system, distributed tribal lands
    • Failure
  • 35,000 Native Americans flee to urban
    • No work
    • Racial prejudice
    • No medical care
  • 1963: termination policy abandoned
trouble among youth
Trouble among Youth
  • Juvenile delinquency: antisocial or criminal behavior among young people
  • 1948-1953: 45% rise in juvenile crime
  • Who to blame?
    • Television, comic books, racism, buys parents, rising divorce rate, lack of religion, anxiety over military draft…
works cited
Works Cited

Bowers, Eric. “Urban Photo.” Politics. 16 Dec 2006. <http://www.urbanphoto.net/blog/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/centralartery-boston.jpg>

“Legacy Project” Buffalo Courier Express 17 Feb 1946. http://www.archives.nysed.gov/projects/legacies/images/cdlatinodoc7.jpeg

McDermott, Brenda Peters. “Urban Renewal Saint John A City Transformed” <http://www.ursj.ca/wp-content/uploads/bookcover.jpg>

“The Braceros: Oregon Experience” Oregon Public Broadcasting. 2009. www.opb.org/.../braceros/media/bracero-queue.jpg

“The Halted Immigration Bill Compromise.” 7 April 2006. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://vwt.d2g.com:8081/braceros-california-1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://vwt.d2g.com:8081/illegal_immigration/&usg=__njd889W4G5mIZA4BEMHZi98cG8U=&h=397&w=512&sz=61&hl=en&start=1&tbnid=vsh-pSuGVii8wM:&tbnh=102&tbnw=131&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbraceros%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG>

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