Lifestyle diseases genetic diseases chronic diseases
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Lifestyle diseases, Genetic diseases, Chronic diseases . Cardiovascular Diseases. These diseases affect the heart or blood vessels. These diseases are responsible for more than 40% of all deaths in the US. Types of Cardio Diseases. Hypertension: high blood pressure and can occur at any age.

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Lifestyle diseases, Genetic diseases, Chronic diseases

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Lifestyle diseases genetic diseases chronic diseases

Lifestyle diseases, Genetic diseases, Chronic diseases


Cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular Diseases

  • These diseases affect the heart or blood vessels.

  • These diseases are responsible for more than 40% of all deaths in the US


Types of cardio diseases

Types of Cardio Diseases

  • Hypertension: high blood pressure and can occur at any age.

    • Silent killer because there are no symptoms in its early stages

    • It can be lowered with; meds and wt. control

  • Atherosclerosis: is the process in which plaques accumulate on artery walls

    • Buildup is due mainly to food choices

    • If a blood clot forms in the area of the plaque, a heart attack or stroke may result.


Disease of the heart

Disease of the Heart

  • Angina Pectoris: is chest pain that result from lack of o2

  • Arrhythmia: irregular heartbeats

  • Heart attacks: Damage the heart muscle

  • Congestive Heart failure: when the heart gradually weakens

  • Stroke: arterial blockage to the brain


Factors of cvd

Factors of CVD

  • Heredity

  • Gender

  • Age

  • Diet

  • Exercise

  • Life style


Cancer

Cancer

  • Noncancerous tumors: ( benign) don't spread, yet can interfere with body function.

  • Cancerous tumors (malignant tumors) spread throughout the body, or metastasize.

  • Cancer kills normal cells and compete for nutrients

  • Tumors put pressure on tissue and organs


Types of cancer

Types of Cancer

  • Lymphomas are cancers of the immune system.

  • Leukemia's are cancers of the blood-forming organs

  • Carcinomas are cancers of the glands and body lining

  • Sarcomas are cancers of the connective tissue.


Risk factors of cancer

Risk Factors of Cancer

  • Tobacco use, even secondhand.

  • Sexually transmitted disease cause cervical and liver cancers.

  • A diet high in fat and low in fiber

  • Ultraviolet radiation


Reducing your risk of cancer

Reducing your risk of cancer

  • Practice abstinence

  • Be physical active

  • Maintain healthy wt.

  • Eat nutritious foods.

  • UV protection

  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol

  • Recognize the warning signs


Treatment for cancer

Treatment for Cancer

  • Surgery removes cells

  • Radiation

  • Chemotherapy: Chemical destroy

  • Immunotherapy activates your own immune system

  • Hormone slow it down


Asthma

Asthma

  • Asthma is an inflammatory condition in which the small airways in the lungs become narrowed, causing difficulty in breathing

  • Sensitive to triggers (substance such air pollution)

  • Manage stress, take meds, manage environ, monitor conditions


Diabetes

Diabetes

  • Chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy.

    • Type 1 suddenly and progresses quickly

      • Body doesn’t produce insulin

      • Glucose builds up in the blood, starving cells of energy

      • Damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart

      • Autoimmune disease, a condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks itself


Diabetes1

Diabetes

  • Type 2: results in the body being unable to make enough insulin or to use insulin properly.

  • It is nearing epidemic proportions in US

  • A diet high in fat, calories, and cholesterol increases its risk

  • Treatment: wt. manage, ex, diet, meds


Arthritis

Arthritis

  • Arthritis is a group of more than 100 different diseases that cause pain and loss of movement

  • Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints in which cartilage breaks down

    • Control wt.

    • Prevent sports injuries

    • Lyme disease (bite of infected tick)


Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Joints may become deformed and cease to function normally

  • Medication:

  • Ex, rest, joint protection, therapy

  • Inflammation of the joint


Other chronic conditions

Other chronic conditions

  • Chronic Fatigue syndrome

  • Down Syndrome

  • Cystic Fibrosis

  • Epilepsy

  • Hemophilia

  • Migraine

  • Multiple Sclerosis

  • Muscular Dystrophy

  • Narcolepsy

  • Parkinson’s Disease

  • Peptic ulcer

  • Sickle-cell anemia


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