1798-1801 French occupation of Egypt
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1798-1801 French occupation of Egypt 1805-48 Reign of Mehmet Ali 1859-69 Construction of Suez Canal 1882 Egyptian army seizes control of government. British intervene and take control of state 1892-1914 Reign of ‘Abbas Hilmi II. Muhammad Tawfiq (r. 1879-92).

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1798-1801 French occupation of Egypt 1805-48 Reign of Mehmet Ali

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1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1798-1801 French occupation of Egypt

1805-48 Reign of Mehmet Ali

1859-69 Construction of Suez Canal

1882 Egyptian army seizes control of

government. British intervene and

take control of state

1892-1914 Reign of ‘Abbas Hilmi II


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

Muhammad Tawfiq

(r. 1879-92)


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (d. 1897)

Muhammad Abduh (d. 1905)

Lord Cromer

Mustafa Kamil (d. 1908)


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1906 Dinshaway incident

1913 New legislative assembly set up in

Egypt. Abduh’s Umma (Nation) party

takes majority

1914-18 World War I


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1918 Saad Zaghlul (d. 1927) demands

permission to take his Wafd (delegation)

to London to discuss independence

- refused

1919 Deportation of Zaghlul and co. leads to

Egyptian riots. British allow Zaghlul

and co. to attend Paris Peace Conference,

but they are ignored

1922 British grant Egypt independence


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1923 Constitution set up. Former Ottoman

governor Fuad I becomes king.

Parliament headed by Zaghlul and Wafd

1924 British head of Egyptian army killed.

Zaghlul resigns


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1930 Ismail Sidqi becomes Prime Minister.

Sets up new constitution to bar Wafdists

from power and give self effective

dictatorship

1933 King dismisses Sidqi

1935 Constitution of 1923 re-issued in face of

popular pressure

1936 Wafd sweeps elections. Treaty made

with British


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1928 Hasan al-Banna (d. 1949) sets up Muslim

Brotherhood

1948-49 First Arab-Israeli War

1948 Egyptian Prime Minister assassinated by

Muslim Brother

1949 Hasan al-Banna killed. Government

does not investigate


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1952 King Faruq (r. 1936-52), responding to

anti-British riots, dismisses Prime

Minister, declares martial law. Is then

deposed and exiled by army coup


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1953 Republic declared

1954 Muslim Brotherhood banned

1956 Constitution set up. Jamal ‘Abd al-Nasir

(Nasser, d. 1970) soon replaces

Muhammad Najib as President


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1952 Egyptian-Sudanese agreement

1953 British-Egyptian agreement on Sudan

1954 British agree to withdraw troops by 1956


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1970 Death of Nasser, succeeded by Anwar

al-Sadat (d. 1981)

1979 Sadat makes peace with Israel

Oct 6th 1981 Sadat assassinated by Islamist

extremist


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

1981 Husni Mubarak suppresses Islamist

extremists, but subsequently allows other

political parties in parliament, though his

National Democratic Party holds majority

1990s Mubarak severely represses Islamist

extremists in response to attacks, to point that

they flee Egypt


1798 1801 french occupation of egypt 1805 48 reign of mehmet ali

2000s Americans pressure Mubarak to make Egypt

more democratic. Leads to…

Manipulation of elections, outlawing of religious

parties, repression of opponents, ongoing

use of emergency laws

Impact of economic mismanagement

Jan 2011 Protests in Egypt. Mubarak steps aside on

February 11th. Phased elections bring Muslim

Brotherhood to power in parliament. President

still to be elected


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