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Electronic Library and Information Resources. Introduction and overview. Objectives. Participants will be able to: Describe the different types of e-resource Contrast their features and functionality Describe the different access routes for electronic resources

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objectives
Objectives

Participants will be able to:

  • Describe the different types of e-resource
  • Contrast their features and functionality
  • Describe the different access routes for electronic resources
  • Identify some of the access options available within developing countries
  • Access scholarly electronic resources
what is an electronic library resource
What is an ‘electronic library resource’?

Any library or information resource that can be accessed via computer, e.g.

  • Electronic journals
  • Scholarly databases
  • Information gateways
  • The Internet

Also e-books, reports, magazines, grey literature

1 electronic journals
1. Electronic journals
  • Full-text - whole journal available
    • Electronic version of print
    • Electronic only
    • Examples at www3.oup.co.uk/jnls/
  • Partial full-text - selected articles only
  • Table of contents or abstracts only
    • Examples at www.ajol.info
why use e journals
Why use e-journals?
  • Up-to-date
  • Convenient: information at your desktop
  • Value-added features: search facilities, links to other databases, supplementary information, graphics, etc
  • Access to a wider range of material than might be available through your local library
2 scholarly databases
2. Scholarly databases
  • Bibliographic: references to published material
  • Numeric: e.g. statistical tables
  • Full text: complete publications
  • Audio: collections of music
  • Image: e.g. collections of slides
  • Multimedia: audio-visual, animation etc
  • Examples:EBSCO Host
    • licensed, range of electronic information resources, huge volume of information
why use scholarly databases
Why use scholarly databases?
  • Provide information for a specific project or topic
  • Provide an overview of research activity in a given area
  • Up-to-date information on a specific subject area through regular scanning
  • Allow searching over large bodies of data and academic type information
3 information gateways
3. Information Gateways
  • Subject Based Information Gateways (SBIGs):
    • web sites that act as a gateway to other sites and information resources.
  • Rely on human creation of meta data
  • Subject experts select, evaluate, describe, classify
  • Smaller, subject-focused databases
  • Lower recall, higher precision
  • E.g. PINAKES (information gateway gateway!)
why use information gateways
Why use information gateways?
  • High quality information – selected by human subject experts
  • Classification and description of resources
  • Subject-specific focus
  • Good starting places that lead to other quality resources
4 the internet
4. The Internet
  • Huge information resource
    • 3-10 billion pages of information
  • Continually growing and changing
  • No national, political, scientific barriers
  • Efficient search tools allow relatively easy navigation, e.g.
    • www.google.com
    • www.alltheweb.com
electronic resources strengths
Electronic resources: strengths
  • Huge range of information available
    • >8 billion web pages
    • >20,000 journals
  • Timely, up-to-date information sources
  • ‘Value added’ functionality (e.g. searching)
  • Additional skills development – ICT skills
  • Large volume of quality, free information
electronic resources weaknesses
Electronic resources: weaknesses
  • Technical barriers to use
    • need computers, network connection, software, etc
  • Infrastructural problems
    • bandwidth and telecommunications issues
    • unreliable electricity supplies, etc
  • Skills and training requirements
  • Costs can be high: technology and content
  • Variable quality of information
how can we access resources
How can we access resources?
  • Most academic e-resources are fee-based
    • often very high costs (although variable)
    • subscriptions to individual/group/organisation/ nation/region
    • pay-per-view models
  • Growing movement of “open access”
  • Authentication via username/password or IP address
preferential licensing agreements
Preferential licensing agreements
  • Publishers and development organisations working together to enable access to information to aid development
    • restricted to specific organisations in low income countries
  • Range of initiatives, focusing on different users, subjects, geographical areas, etc.
    • HINARI, PERI, TEEAL, eIFL, AGORA, etc.
  • Free at point of use
hinari
HINARI
  • Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative
  • Led by the World Health Organisation
  • Over 2000 STM journals from major publishers
  • 100+ eligible countries
  • Institutional level licensing
  • Free or heavily discounted access
  • www.healthinternetwork.org/
slide21
PERI
  • Programme for the Enhancement of Research Information
  • Led by INASP
  • Over 17,000 full-text journals in all disciplines from major publishers (countries select resources)
  • 100+ eligible countries
  • National level licenses
  • Subsidised and/or heavily discounted
  • www.inasp.info/peri/
teeal
TEEAL
  • The Essential Electronic Agricultural Library
  • Led by Cornell University
  • Over 140 journals in the field of agro-sciences
  • CD-Roms
  • 100+ eligible countries
  • Institutional level licenses
  • Heavily discounted access
  • http://teeal.cornell.edu/
slide23
eIFL
  • Electronic Information for Libraries
  • Led by Open Society Institute/Soros foundations network
  • Negotiates affordable subscriptions on a multi-country consortial basis
  • 43 participating countries
  • national level licenses
  • www.eifl.net/
agora
AGORA
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture
  • Led by UN Food and Agriculture Organisation
  • Over 700 journals in food, agriculture, environmental sci, related social sciences
  • Around 70 eligible countries
  • Institutional level licenses
  • Free or heavily discounted access
  • http://www.aginternetwork.org/en/
open access initiatives
Open access initiatives
  • Significant movement in academic community that information should be “free” to all
  • Access problems and costs are universal
  • Author pays versus user pays
  • Open archiving, pre-prints, open access, self archiving, institutional archives or subject specific archives
  • Tends to be techno-centric at present
open access examples
Open access examples
  • PubMed Central – hard sciences
    • www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/
  • BioMed Central – medicine
    • www.biomedcentral.com/
  • DOAJ – all subjects
    • www.doaj.org/
  • Bioline – research from developing countries
    • http://www.bioline.org.br/
summary
Summary
  • Range of electronic resources is huge + growing
  • The type, quality and usefulness varies enormously
  • The strengths/weaknesses and support needs must be considered for sustainable use
  • Free and fee resources
  • Many useful programmes and partners that can help with access to resources
    • (see list in handouts + INASP directory)
  • Interesting developments in “Open access”
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