Global Environmental Governance James Gustave Speth and Peter M. Haas. Speth and Haas: Ten of the major global environmental challenges are: Acid rain and regional air pollution Ozone depletion Climate disruption [global climate change] Deforestation Land degradation and desertification
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Speth and Haas: Ten of the major global environmental challenges are:
Acid rain and regional air pollution
Climate disruption [global climate change]
Land degradation and desertification
Freshwater degradation and shortages
Marine fisheries decline
Loss of biological diversity
By the 1980s, a new type of grassroots environmentalism had clearly arrived in the US.
1. Distributive Justice: How should environmental burdens and benefits be distributed (or redistributed)?
And there’s also:
2. Procedural Justice: What are fair and equitable procedures for making distribution decisions?
What’s missing is an examination of social, cultural, symbolic, and institutional conditions underlying unfair distributions of burdens and benefits.
Slogan of the EJ Movement:
“We speak for ourselves.”
“The Environmental Justice Movement provides a bottom-up challenge to this paradigm.”
Air pollutionGenocidePolice brutality/abuse
BrownfieldsHealth careProcedural justice
Corporate liabilityHuman geneticsReparations
Corporate welfareHuman rightsSovereignty
CrimeImmigrant rightsSustainable agriculture
Cultural disempowermentJobs/unemploymentSustainable development
Decision makingLand use/zoningTenants’ rights
Disability rights Medical researchTransportation
EnergyNuclear testingWaste disposal
Environmental racismOil and mineral extractionWater pollution
Facility sitingParks and recreationWildlife
FoodPesticidesWorker safety and health